EGYPTIAN ISLAMIC JIHAD

QDe.003
EGYPTIAN ISLAMIC JIHAD
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee's website: 
7 September 2010
Date(s) on which the narrative summary was updated: 
7 November 2013
3 February 2015
18 January 2018
Reason for listing: 

Egyptian Islamic Jihad was listed on 6 October 2001 pursuant to paragraph 8(c) of resolution 1333 (2000) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to” or “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” Al-Qaida (QDe.004) and Usama bin Laden.

Additional information: 

Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) emerged in Egypt in the early 1980s. In due course Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QDi.006) became its leader.

EIJ was responsible for the 1981 assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. It also claimed responsibility for the attempted assassinations in 1993 of Interior Minister Hassan Al-Alfi and Prime Minister Atef Sedky. The group was responsible for bombing the Egyptian Embassy in Islamabad in 1995 and plotted a similar attack against the US Embassy in Albania in 1998.

In 2001, EIJ joined forces with Usama bin Laden’s (deceased) Al-Qaida (QDe.004) network at Al-Zawahiri’s insistence. Objections from Tharwat Salah Shihata (QDi.017) and other members of the group led to a split in EIJ. Those who joined Al-Qaida included Al-Zawahiri, Nasr Fahmi Nasr Hassannein (deceased), Tariq Anwar el Sayed Ahmed (QDi.014) and Sobhi Abdel Aziz Moahmed el Gohary Abu Sinna (deceased). Shihata led the dissident group.

EIJ has been active worldwide under the auspices of Al-Qaida. EIJ operatives played a key role in the attacks on the World Trade Center in 1993 and 2001.