Arms Embargo

I. Relevant Security Council resolutions and Guidelines of the Committee

The exemptions from the arms embargos are guided by the following:

  • Security Council Resolution 2488 (2019): paragraph 2 (a-i)
  • Security Council Resolution 2399 (2018): paragraph 1 (a-h)
  • Committee Guidelines: Section 10 (a-g)

II. Who is entitled to submit the arms embargo exemption requests or notifications?

Only Member States (usually through their Permanent or Observer Mission to the United Nations), or the international, regional or subregional organization or agency supplying the equipment. By paragraph 3 of resolution 2488 (2019), the Security Council decided that that the supplying Member State is primarily responsible for notifying the Committee, and that such notification must be at least 20 days in advance of the delivery of any supplies as permitted in paragraph 2 (d), paragraph 2 (f) and paragraph 2 (g) of the resolution. By the same paragraph, the Council affirmed that the supplying international, regional or subregional organization is primarily responsible for notifying the Committee and that such notification must be at least 20 days in advance of the delivery of any supplies as permitted in paragraph 2 (d), paragraph 2 (f) and paragraph 2 (g) of the resolution;

III. What type of arms embargo exemptions are currently in force?

There are two types of arms embargo exemptions:

  • for the Committee’s consideration;
  • standing exemptions;
1. Arms embargo exemptions for the Committee’s consideration

a) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (c) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies brought into the CAR by Chadian or Sudanese forces solely for their use in international patrols of the tripartite force established on 23 May 2011 in Khartoum by the CAR, Chad and Sudan, to enhance security in the common border areas, in cooperation with MINUSCA, as approved in advance by the Committee;

b) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (h) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies of arms and other related lethal equipment that are not listed in paragraph 2 (g) of resolution 2488 (2019) to the CAR security forces, including state civilian law enforcement institutions, and intended solely for support of or use in the CAR process of SSR, as approved in advance by the Committee;

c) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (i) of resolution 2488 (2019), other sales or supply of arms and related materiel, or provision of assistance or personnel, as approved in advance by the Committee.

2. Standing Arms Embargo exemptions

The following materials and recipients are exempt from the arms embargo:

a) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (a) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies intended solely for the support of or use by MINUSCA, and the European Union training missions deployed in the CAR, French Forces under the conditions provided by paragraph 69 of resolution 2448 (2018), as well as other Member States forces providing training and assistance as notified in advance in accordance with paragraph 2 (b);

b) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (b) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies of non-lethal equipment and provision of assistance, including operational and non-operational training to the CAR security forces, including State civilian law enforcement institutions, intended solely for support of or use in the CAR process of Security Sector Reform (SSR), in coordination with MINUSCA, and as notified in advance to the Committee;

c) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (d) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, and related technical assistance or training, as notified in advance by the Committee;

d) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (e) of resolution 2488 (2019), protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to the CAR by United Nations personnel, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel, for their personal use only;

e) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (f) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies of small arms and other related equipment intended solely for use in international patrols providing security in the Sangha River Tri-national Protected Area and by armed wildlife rangers of the Chinko Project and the Bamingui-Bangoran National Park to defend against poaching, smuggling of ivory and arms, and other activities contrary to the national laws of the CAR or the CAR’s international legal obligations, as notified in advance to the Committee;

f) Pursuant to paragraph 2 (g) of resolution 2488 (2019), supplies of weapons with a calibre of 14.5 mm or less, and ammunition and components specially designed for such weapons, to the CAR security forces, including state civilian law enforcement institutions, and intended solely for support of or use in the CAR process of SSR, as notified in advance to the Committee.

IV. How to make the request for exemptions from the general arms embargo?

Please address the requests/notifications for the arms embargo exemptions to:

  • The Chair of the Committee, His Excellency Mr. Léon Houadja Kacou Adom (Côte d’Ivoire), through the Permanent Mission of Côte d’Ivoire to the United Nations.

With copies to:

  • The Senior Secretary of the Committee, Mr. David Biggs, Email address: SC-2127-Committee@un.org
  • Pursuant to paragraph 4 of resolution 2488 (2019), all notifications and exemption requests to the Committee must contain the following information:
    • The details of the manufacturer and supplier of the equipment;
    • A description of equipment including the type, caliber, quantity as well as serial numbers and/or lot numbers or the proposed date(s) when the serial numbers and/or lot numbers will be provided in the case of an exemption request;
    • The proposed date(s) and place(s) of delivery;
    • The mode(s) of transport and itinerary of shipments; and
    • The purpose of use and end user, including the intended destination unit in the CAR security forces as well as the intended place of storage
       
  • By paragraph 4 of resolution 2488 (2019), the Council also stressed the importance of a specific focus on detailed explanations for how the requested equipment will support SSR.

V. Decision-making of the Committee

The Chair will inform in writing the Member States (usually through their Permanent Missions to the United Nations), international, regional or subregional organizations of the decision of the Committee regarding its consideration of an exemptions request.