The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2127 (2013) and recently extended pursuant to resolution 2262 (2016) concerning the Central African Republic (hereafter “the Committee”) oversees the sanctions measures imposed by the Security Council.

Sanctions measures 

Measure

Description

Exemptions to the measure

Arms Embargo

 

 

All Member States shall continue to take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to the CAR, from or through their territories or by their nationals, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and technical assistance, training, financial or other assistance, related to military activities or the provision, maintenance or use of any arms and related materiel, including the provision of armed mercenary personnel whether or not originating in their territories

All Member States to, and that all Member States shall, upon discovery of items prohibited by paragraph 1 of this resolution, seize, register and dispose (such as through destruction, rendering inoperable, storage or transferring to a State other than the originating or destination States for disposal) items the supply, sale, transfer or export of which is prohibited by paragraph 1 of this resolution and decides further that all Member States shall cooperate in such efforts

Paragraph 1 (a-h) of 2262 (2016)

Travel Ban

 

All Member States shall continue to take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals designated by the Committee, provided that nothing in this paragraph shall oblige a State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory

Paragraph 6 (a-c) resolution 2262 (2016)

Asset Freeze

 

All Member States shall, through 31 January 2017, continue to freeze without delay all funds, other financial assets and economic resources which are on their territories, which are owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the individuals or entities designated by the Committee, or by individuals or entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, or by entities owned or controlled by them, and decides further that all Member States shall continue to ensure that any funds, financial assets or economic resources are prevented from being made available by their nationals or by any individuals or entities within their territories, to or for the benefit of the individuals or entities designated by the Committee

Paragraph 9 (a-c), 10 and 11 of resolution 2262 (2016)

Work and mandate of the Committee

The Committee comprises all 15 members of the Security Council and makes its decision by consensus. The current Chair of the Committee, for the period ending 31 December 2017, is His Excellency Mr. Volodymyr Yelchenko (Ukraine). The Vice-Chair for 2017 is Japan. The Committee prepares annual reports of its activities. The Committee has Guidelines for the conduct of its work. Formal and informal meetings of the Committee are announced in the Journal of the United Nations. The work of the Committee is supported by the Panel of Experts whose tasks are set out in paragraph 23 of resolution 2262 (2016).

The Committee is mandated to:

  • monitor implementation of the measures imposed in paragraphs 54 and 55 of resolution 2127 (2013), paragraphs 30 and 32 of resolution 2134 (2014), and extended by paragraph 15 of resolution 2262 (2016) with a view to strengthening, facilitating and improving implementation of these measures by Member States;
  • review information regarding those individuals and entities who/which may be engaging in the acts described in paragraphs 12 and 13 of resolution 2262 (2016);
  • report to the Security Council on its work and thereafter to report as deemed necessary by the Committee;
  • encourage a dialogue between the Committee and interested Member States, in particular those in the region, including by inviting representatives of such States to meet with the Committee to discuss implementation of the measures;
  • seek from all States whatever information it may consider useful regarding the actions taken by them to implement effectively the measures

Background information

The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2127 (2013) concerning the Central African Republic (CAR) was created on 5 December 2013 to oversee the relevant sanctions measure (arms embargo) and to undertake the tasks set out by the Security Council in paragraph 57 of the same resolution. By paragraphs 30 and 32 of resolution 2134 (2014), respectively, the Security Council further imposed a travel ban and an asset freeze.

In its most recent resolution 2262 (2016) concerning the CAR sanctions, the Council decided that the mandate of the Committee shall apply to the measures extended through 31 January 2017 in the same resolution.

Further information on measures

Arms Embargo

The Security Council first imposed a general and complete arms embargo on the Central African Republic on 5 December 2013 with the adoption of resolution 2127 (2013).

Targeted Sanctions

By resolution 2127 (2013) and resolution 2134 (2014) , the Security Council decided to impose individual targeted sanctions (an arms embargo, including training and financial assistance, on individuals and entities; a travel ban on individuals; and an assets freeze on individuals and entities, as designated by the Committee). The Security Council decided to extend the targeted sanctions by resolution 2262 (2016). Paragraphs 1, 6, 9, 10 and 11 of resolution 2262(2016) contain exemptions to those measures.

Under the sanctions regime, the Committee is mandated to consider designating individuals or entities on the basis of the criteria contained in paragraphs 12 and 13 of resolution 2262 (2016).

Summary of listing criteria

Criteria

Relevant Resolution

Engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability or security of the CAR, including acts that threaten or violate transitional agreements, or that threaten or impede the political transition process, including a transition toward free and fair democratic elections, or that fuel violence;

Paragraph 12 of resolution 2262 (2016)

 

Acting in violation of the arms embargo established in paragraph 54 of resolution 2127 (2013) and extended by paragraph 1 of this resolution, or as having directly or indirectly supplied, sold, or transferred to armed groups or criminal networks in CAR, or as having been the recipient of arms or any related materiel, or any technical advice, training, or assistance, including financing and financial assistance, related to violent activities of armed groups or criminal networks in CAR;

Paragraph 13 a) of resolution 2262 (2016)

 

Involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that violate international human rights law or international humanitarian law, as applicable, or that constitute human rights abuses or violations, in the CAR, including acts involving sexual violence, targeting of civilians, ethnic- or religious-based attacks, attacks on schools and hospitals, and abduction and forced displacement;

Paragraph 13 b) of resolution 2262 (2016)

Recruiting or using children in armed conflict in the CAR, in violation of applicable international law;

Paragraph 13 c) of resolution 2262 (2016)

Providing support for armed groups or criminal networks through the illicit exploitation or trade of natural resources, including diamonds, gold, wildlife as well as wildlife products in or from the CAR;

Paragraph 13 d) of resolution 2262 (2016)

Obstructing the delivery of humanitarian assistance to CAR, or access to, or distribution of, humanitarian assistance in CAR;

Paragraph 13 e) of resolution 2262 (2016)

Involved in planning, directing, sponsoring, or conducting attacks against UN missions or international security presences, including MINUSCA, the European Union Missions and French operations which support them;

Paragraph 13 f) of resolution 2262 (2016)

Are leaders of, or have provided support to, or acted for or on behalf of or at the direction of, an entity that the Committee has designated.

Paragraph 13 g) of resolution 2262 (2016)