Editorial Manual | Footnotes and other references
Footnotes and text notes (references given in parentheses within the text) are used:
Reference lists and bibliographies are used primarily in publications and occasionally in documents to replace or supplement footnotes and text notes.
For instructions on the use and style of footnotes in tables, see Tables. For guidelines on the style used for references in legal texts, including documents of the International Law Commission, consult the Codification Division of the Office of Legal Affairs.
Authors have the primary responsibility for providing complete and accurate references to document their sources. Editors are responsible for:
References are provided for the items listed under General instructions on footnotes and text notes/When to use footnotes and text notes. For specific instructions on the elements included in footnotes and text notes, see United Nations sources and Outside sources.
Authors should cite only sources that are strictly relevant and necessary. Commonly known or easily verifiable facts do not require a source note (see also Excessive referencing).