Committee on Contributions
The Committee on Contributions meets annually for 3 to 4 weeks, usually in June of each year. The report of the Committee is considered by the General Assembly through the Fifth Committee at the following main session.
Every year the Committee considers requests for exemption under Article 19 of the Charter. The Committee also reviews the status of multi-year payment plans, and elements of the methodology of the scale of assessments.
The Committee held its seventy-eighth session from 4 to 29 June 2018. The report of the Committee is contained in document A/73/11.
With regard to the methodology for the scale of assessments, the Committee:
- Decided to review the scale for the period 2019–2021 pursuant to rule 160 of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly and Assembly resolutions 58/1 B and 70/245;
- Recalled and reaffirmed its recommendation that the scale should be based on the most current, comprehensive and comparable data available for gross national income (GNI);
- Welcomed the increasing number of Member States implementing the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA), and expressed support for the ongoing efforts by the Statistics Division to enhance coordination, advocacy and implementation of SNA and supporting statistics at the national level, with a view to enabling Member States to submit national accounts data on a timely basis with the required scope, detail and quality;
- Recommended that the General Assembly encourage Member States to submit the required national accounts questionnaires under the 2008 SNA on a timely basis;
- Recommended that conversion rates based on market exchange rates (MERs) be used for the scale of assessments for the period 2019–2021, except where that would cause excessive fluctuations and distortions in the GNI of some Member States expressed in United States dollars, in which case other appropriate conversion rates such as United Nations operational rates, price-adjusted rates of exchange (PAREs) or modified conversion rates should be applied, if so determined on a case-by-case basis;
- Decided to use United Nations operational rates of exchange for Myanmar for the years 2011 and 2012 and to use the MER for the years 2013–2016, decided to continue to use United Nations operational rates of exchange for the Syrian Arab Republic for the years 2011–2016 and, after review of all available options, concluded that a PARE, using the modified conversion rate, was the most appropriate for the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela for the years 2014–2016;
- Agreed that, once chosen, there were advantages in using the same base period for as long as possible;
- Agreed that a low per capita income adjustment (LPCIA) continued to be an essential element in the scale methodology, which should be based on reliable, verifiable and comparable data;
- Agreed that an alternative approach for establishing the LPCIA threshold could be the world average per capita debt-adjusted GNI;
- Agreed that another alternative approach for establishing the LPCIA threshold could be an inflation-adjusted threshold;
- Considered the application of the new data to the methodology used in preparing the current scale and included the results for information;
- Decided to further consider all elements of the scale methodology at its seventy-ninth session in the light of any guidance from the General Assembly.
The Committee agreed that any scheme of limits should not be an element of the scale methodology.
The Committee decided to study further the questions of large scale-to-scale changes in rates of assessment and annual recalculation on the basis of any guidance thereon by the General Assembly.
With regard to multi-year payment plans, the Committee recommended that the General Assembly encourage Member States in arrears under Article 19 of the Charter of the United Nations to consider submitting multi-year payment plans.
With regard to exemptions from the application of Article 19 of the Charter, the Committee recommended that the following Member States be permitted to vote in the General Assembly until the end of the seventy-third session of the Assembly: Comoros, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe and Somalia. The Committee recommended that the Assembly request the Secretary-General to pay special attention to the issue of unpaid assessments in his consultations with Somalia. Having considered the request of Dominica, the Committee concluded that this request did not fall within the scope of Article 19.
Under other matters the Committee:
- Recommended a flat annual fee of 50 per cent to be applied to notional rates of assessment of 0.001 per cent for the Holy See and 0.008 per cent for the State of Palestine, as non-member States, for the period 2019–2021;
- Decided to hold its seventy-ninth session from 3 to 21 June 2019.