United Nations and Decolonization: Past to Present
Since the United Nations was established in 1945, more than 80 former colonies have gained their independence. Today, the United Nations assists 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories across the globe. The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs supports the work of the General Assembly, particularly its Special Committee on Decolonization, in the eradication of colonialism.
Since the birth of the United Nations, more than 80 former colonies comprising some 750 million people have gained independence. At present, 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGTs) across the globe remain on the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, home to nearly 2 million people. Thus, the process of decolonization is not complete.
Completing this mandate will require a continuing dialogue among the administering Powers, the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence of Colonial Countries and Peoples (also known as the "Special Committee on Decolonization" or the "C-24") and the peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories, in accordance with the relevant United Nations resolutions on decolonization.
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The 2021 regional seminar is scheduled to take place in Dominica on 19-21 May 2021.
The Special Committee on Decolonization (C-24) held its 2021 opening session on 18 February 2021.
The Fourth International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2021-2030) was declared by the General Assembly.
The General Assembly adopted 22 resolutions and one decision on 10 December 2020.
The Fourth Committee adopted 22 resolutions and one decision on 6 November 2020.
C-24 Chair delivered her statement at the Fourth Committee meeting of the General Assembly on 9 October 2020.
Draft Resolution “Support to Non-Self-Governing Territories by the specialized agencies and international institutions associated with the United Nations” was adopted in the first 2021 ECOSOC formal meeting on 14 September 2020.
In the Spotlight
“This year, we entered the first year of the Fourth
International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism.
[…] I call on all the Member States to renew their
commitment, to strive to make this the last decade to
C-24 Chair Ambassador Keisha McGuire
at the opening session of
the Special Committee on Decolonization
18 February 2021
"The specific challenges of sustainable development
that these [Non-Self-Governing] Territories face have
now been compounded by the health, social and
economic consequences of COVID-19. Addressing
these impacts requires improved global cooperation
Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo
on behalf of the Secretary-General at the
opening session of the Special Committee on
18 February 2021