List of former Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories

Member of Wa-Meru tribe of Tanganyika (now United Republic of Tanzania) with Ralph Bunche (left) in 1963 [UN photo/MB]

Independence celebration in Timor-Leste in 2002 [UN photo/Sergey Bermeniev]

Namibians celebrate first day of independence in 1990 [UN photo/John Isaac]

Elections in Togoland (now Togo) in 1958 [UN photo/TW]

The following Territories have been subject to United Nations Trusteeship Agreements or were listed by the General Assembly as Non-Self-Governing. Dates show the year of independence or other change in a Territory's status, after which information was no longer submitted to the United Nations. For more details concerning the International Trusteeship System and Trust Territories, please see under International Trusteeship System and Trust Territories page. For the current list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, see under Non-Self-Governing Territories page.

 

Administering States

| AUSTRALIA | BELGIUM | DENMARK | FRANCE | ITALY | NETHERLANDS
| NEW ZEALAND | PORTUGAL | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN | UNITED KINGDOM |
 UNITED STATES |

Administering Power/ Authority
Territory
Status
Year

Australia

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Change in status

1984

Papua/Papua New Guinea[1]

Independence as Papua New Guinea

1975

Trust Territory of Nauru[2]

Independence as Nauru

1968

Trust Territory of New Guinea/Papua New Guinea1 Independence as Papua New Guinea

1975

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Belgium

Belgian Congo Independence as Congo-Leopoldville, later Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of the Congo[3]

1960

Trust Territory of Ruanda-Urundi Independence as Burundi

1962

Independence as Rwanda

1962

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Denmark

Greenland Change in status

1954[4]

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France

French Equatorial Africa French Equatorial Africa Independence as Chad

1960

Independence as Gabon

1960

Middle Congo Independence as Congo (Brazzaville), now the Republic of the Congo

1960

Ubangi Shari Independence as the Central African Republic

1960

French Establishments in India Change in status

1948

French Establishments in Oceania[5] Change in status

1947

French Guiana Change in status

1947

French Somaliland Independence as Djibouti

1977

French West Africa French West Africa Independence as Dahomey, now Benin

1960

Independence as Ivory Coast, now Côte d'Ivoire

1960

Independence as Mauritania

1960

Independence as Senegal

1960

Independence as Upper Volta, now Burkina Faso

1960

French Guinea Independence as Guinea

1958

French Sudan Independence as Mali

1960

Niger Independence as Niger

1960

Guadeloupe and Dependencies Change in status

1947

Indo-China Independence as Cambodia

1948

Independence as Laos, now the Lao People's Democratic Republic

1949

Independence as Viet Nam

1948

Madagascar and Dependencies Independence as Madagascar

1960

Independence as the Comoros

1975

Martinique Change in status

1947

Morocco Independence as Morocco

1956

New Hebrides
(Under Anglo-French Condominium)
Independence as Vanuatu

1980

Reunion Change in status

1947

St. Pierre and Miquelon Change in status

1947

Trust Territory of Cameroons under French administration Independence as Cameroon

1960

Trust Territory of Togoland under French administration Independence as Togo

1960

Tunisia Independence as Tunisia

1956

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Italy

Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration Independence as Somalia (uniting with British Somaliland)

1960

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Netherlands

Netherlands Antilles Change in status

1955[6]

Netherlands Indies Independence as Indonesia

1949

Netherlands New Guinea Joined with Indonesia as Irian Jaya

1963

Suriname Change in status (later independent as Suriname in 1975)

19556

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New Zealand

Cook Islands Change in status

1965

Niue Island Change in status

1974

Trust Territory of Western Samoa Independence as Western Samoa, now Samoa

1962

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Portugal

Angola, including the enclave of Cabinda Independence as Angola

1975

Cape Verde Archipelago Independence as Cape Verde, now Cabo Verde

1975

Goa and Dependencies Change in status

1962

Macau and Dependencies Change in status

1972

Mozambique Independence as Mozambique

1975

Portuguese Guinea Independence as Guinea-Bissau

1974

São João Batista de Ajudá Change in status

1962

São Tome and Principe Independence as São Tome and Principe

1975

Timor/East Timor[7]

Independence as Timor-Leste

2002

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South Africa

South West Africa Termination of the mandate of South Africa by the General Assembly[8]

1966

Independence as Namibia

1990

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Spain

Fernando Póo and Río Muni Independence as Equatorial Guinea

1968

Ifni Change in status

1969

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United Kingdom

Aden Independence as South Yemen, later Yemen (uniting with Yemen Arab Republic)

1967

Antigua (Leeward Islands) Independence as Antigua and Barbuda

1981

Bahamas Independence as the Bahamas

1973

Barbados Independence as Barbados

1966

Basutoland Independence as Lesotho

1966

Bechuanaland Independence as Botswana

1966

British Guiana Independence as Guyana

1966

British Honduras         Independence as Belize

1981

British Somaliland Independence as Somalia (joining the Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration)

1960

Brunei  Independence, now Brunei Darussalam

1984

Cyprus Independence as Cyprus

1960

Dominica (Windward Islands) Independence as Dominica

1978

Fiji Independence as Fiji

1970

Gambia Independence as The Gambia

1965

Gilbert and Ellice Islands Independence as Kiribati

1979

Independence as Tuvalu

1978

Gold Coast Independence as Ghana

1957

Grenada (Windward Islands) Independence as Grenada

1974

Hong Kong Change in status

1972

Jamaica Independence as Jamaica

1962

Kenya Independence as Kenya

1963

Malayan Union Independence as the Federation of Malaya, now Malaysia[9]

1957

Malta    Independence as Malta

1964

Mauritius Independence as Mauritius

1968

Nigeria Independence as Nigeria

1960

North Borneo9 Change in status

1963

Northern Rhodesia Independence as Zambia

1964

Nyasaland Independence as Malawi

1964

Sarawak9 Change in status

1963

Seychelles Independence as Seychelles

1976

Sierra Leone Independence as Sierra Leone

1961

Singapore9 Independence as Singapore

1965

Solomon Islands Independence as Solomon Islands

1978

Southern Rhodesia Independence as Zimbabwe

1980

St. Kitts- Nevis-Anguilla (Leeward Islands) Independence as Saint Kitts and Nevis (separated from Anguilla)

1983

St. Lucia (Windward Islands) Independence as Saint Lucia

1979

St. Vincent (Windward Islands) Independence as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

1979

Swaziland Independence as Swaziland, now Eswatini

1968

Trinidad and Tobago Independence as Trinidad and Tobago

1962

Trust Territory of Cameroons under British administration Northern part joined with Nigeria

1961

Southern part joined with Cameroon

1961

Trust Territory of Tanganyika Independence as Tanganyika[10], now the United Republic of Tanzania

1961

Trust Territory of Togoland under British administration United with the Gold Coast, a Non-Self-Governing Territory, to form Ghana

1957

Uganda Independence as Uganda

1962

Zanzibar Independence as Zanzibar10 , now the United Republic of Tanzania

1963

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United States

Alaska Became a state of the United States

1959

Hawaii Became a state of the United States

1959

Panama Canal Zone Change in status

1947

Puerto Rico Change in status

1952[11]

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Change in status as the Federated States of Micronesia, fully self-governing in free association with the United States

1990

Change in status as the Marshall Islands, fully self-governing in free association with the United States

1990

Change in status as Northern Mariana Islands as a commonwealth of the United States

1990

Change in status as Palau, fully self-governing in free association with the United States

1994

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[1] By its resolution 2865 (XXVI) of 20 December 1971, the General Assembly decided that, in accordance with the express desire of the people of the Territories, the name to be applied for the United Nations purposes to the Territory of Papua and the Trust Territory of New Guinea should henceforth be "Papua New Guinea".

[2] The Trusteeship Agreement for Nauru was submitted by Australia, New Zealand and the UK and approved by General Assembly resolution 140 (II) of 1 November 1947. Nauru was under administration of Australia on behalf of Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

[3] At the time of joining the United Nations in 1960, the name of the State was Zaire, and on 17 May 1997, its name was changed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

[4] The Government of Denmark sent a communication dated 3 September 1953 informing the Secretary-General that, as a result of the constitutional amendment adopted on 5 June 1953, Greenland has become an integral part of the Danish Realm with a constitutional status equal to that of other parts of Denmark and that, as a consequence of this constitutional change, the Danish Government regarded its responsibility under Chapter XI of the Charter in respect of Greenland as terminated and had, therefore, decided to bring to an end the transmission of information under Article 73 e of the Charter (A/AC.35/L.155 and Corr.1). By resolution 849 (IX) of 22 November 1954, the General Assembly, inter alia, considered it appropriate that the transmission of information in respect of Greenland under Article 73 e of the Charter should now cease.

[6] By the communication dated 30 March 1955, the Government of the Netherlands transmitted to the Secretary-General the constitutional provisions embodied in the Charter of the Kingdom of the Netherlands promulgated on 29 December 1954 (A/AC.35/L.206). By resolution 945 (X) of 15 December 1955, the General Assembly, inter alia, expressed the opinion that cessation of the transmission of information under Article 73 e of the Charter in respect of the Netherland Antilles and Suriname was appropriate. In 1975 Suriname became independent.

[7] Initially administered by Portugal, and under Indonesian control between 1975 and 1999, East Timor attained independence in May 2002 and joined the United Nations in September 2002 as Timor-Leste.

[8] By resolution 2145 (XXI), the General Assembly, inter alia, decided that South Africa had no other right to administer the Territory and that henceforth South West Africa came under the direct responsibility of the United Nations.

[9] In 1963, the Federation of Malaya became Malaysia, following the admission to the new federation of Singapore, Sabah (North Borneo) and Sarawak. Singapore became independent in 1965.

[10] Following the ratification on 26 April 1964 of Articles of Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar continued as a single Member of the United Nations, changing its name to the United Republic of Tanzania on 1 November 1964.

[11] By the communications dated 19 January and 20 March 1953 informing the United Nations of the establishment of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, as a result of the entry into force on 25 July 1952 of the Constitution of Puerto Rico, and stating that, in consequence of those constitutional changes, the Government of the United States of American would cease to transmit information under Article 73 e of the Charter (A/AC.35/L.121). By resolution 748 (VIII) of 27 November 1953, the General Assembly, inter alia, considered that, due to those circumstances, the Declaration regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories and the provisions established under Chapter XI of the Charter could no longer applied to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and considered it appropriate that the transmission of that information should cease.