Non-Self-Governing Territories

Under Chapter XI of the Charter of the United Nations, the Non-Self-Governing Territories are defined as "territories whose people have not yet attained a full measure of self-government”. The General Assembly, by its resolution 66 (I) of 14 December 1946, noted a list of 72 Territories to which Chapter XI of the Charter applied. In 1963, the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (also known as the "Special Committee on Decolonization" or the "C-24") approved a preliminary list of Territories to which the Declaration applied (A/5446/Rev.1, annex I). Today, 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories, as listed below, remain on the agenda of the C-24. Member States which have or assume responsibilities for the administration of such Territories are called administering Powers.

 

LIST OF NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES BY REGION

TERRITORY

LISTING AS NSGT

ADMINISTERING POWER

LAND AREA (sq.km.)

POPULATION [i]

AFRICA

Western Sahara

Since 1963

[ii]

266,000

582,000

ATLANTIC AND CARIBBEAN

Anguilla

Since 1946

United Kingdom

96

15,397

Bermuda

Since 1946

United Kingdom

53.35

63,921

British Virgin Islands

Since 1946

United Kingdom

153

31,197

Cayman Islands

Since 1946

United Kingdom

264

65,813

Falkland Islands (Malvinas) [iii]

Since 1946

United Kingdom

12,173

Approximately 3,200

Montserrat

Since 1946

United Kingdom

103

4,649

Saint Helena

Since 1946

United Kingdom

310

5,467

Turks and Caicos Islands

Since 1946

United Kingdom

948.2

42,953

United States Virgin Islands

Since 1946

United States

352

105,000

EUROPE

Gibraltar

Since 1946

United Kingdom

5.8

34,003

PACIFIC

American Samoa

Since 1946

United States

200

60,300

French Polynesia

1946-1947 and since 2013

France

3,600

276,300

Guam

Since 1946

United States

540

163,875

New Caledonia

1946-1947 and since 1986

France

18,575

268,767

Pitcairn

Since 1946

United Kingdom

35.5

43

Tokelau

Since 1946

New Zealand

12.2

1,499

(Last updated: 22 September 2020)


[i] All data is from United Nations Secretariat 2020 Working Papers on Non-Self-Governing Territories, and for Western Sahara, from UNdata, a database by the United Nations Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations.

 

[ii] On 26 February 1976, Spain informed the Secretary-General that as of that date it had terminated its presence in the Territory of the Sahara and deemed it necessary to place on record that Spain considered itself thenceforth exempt from any responsibility of any international nature in connection with the administration of the Territory, in view of the cessation of its participation in the temporary administration established for the Territory. In 1990, the General Assembly reaffirmed that the question of Western Sahara was a question of decolonization which remained to be completed by the people of Western Sahara.

 

[iii] A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).