Circle of Leadership

  1. In 2017, the United Nations Secretary-General launched a new strategy to prevent and end sexual exploitation and abuse by United Nations personnel (A/71/818).  A major element of this new approach was the creation of a Circle of Leadership on the prevention of and response to sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations operations (Circle of Leadership) made up of global leaders who actively support this agenda.
  2. The Circle of Leadership represents a visible and formidable symbol of Members’ commitment to end impunity, to strengthen measures to prevent sexual exploitation and abuse, to respond rapidly and decisively to credible reports of such acts, and to meet the needs of victims quickly and appropriately. It also provides the global high-level political support necessary for success.  On 18 September 2017, the Circle of Leadership was formally established by the Secretary-General at the High-level Meeting on the Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse.  As at 12 January 2021, 92 sitting and former heads of State/Government are Members of the Circle of Leadership.
  3. Eight informal expert meetings of Member States whose Head of State/Government are members of the Circle of Leadership have been held to discuss ways to ensure that the political momentum of the Secretary-General’s strategy to prevent sexual exploitation and abuse is sustained and intensified. These meetings took place on: 29 May 2018 (co-sponsors: Australia and Uruguay); 25 June 2018 (co-sponsors:  Finland and Morocco); 27 July 2018 (co-sponsors: The Kingdom of Bhutan and the United Kingdom); 17 August 2018 (co-sponsors: Bangladesh and Italy); 30 August 2018 (co-sponsors: Canada and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia); 29 April 2019 (co-sponsors: The Republic of Korea and the Republic of South Africa), 10 July 2019 (co-sponsors: Austria and the Arab Republic of Egypt), and 21 July 2020.
  4. During these meetings Representatives of the Permanent Missions reiterated the commitment of their Head of State/Government to the Secretary-General’s strategy and the Circle of Leadership.  They welcomed the opportunity to exchange ideas informally on progress made, good practices and related issues. All agreed that continuing expert-level engagement to discuss best practice and promote greater visibility of the Circle of Leadership was critical. 
  5. On 27 September 2018, 49 Members of the Secretary-General’s Circle of Leadership on the prevention of and response to sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations operations, and 21 United Nations Entities joined him in issuing a “Collective Statement” to reaffirm their continued personal commitment as global leaders to support efforts to combat sexual exploitation and abuse across the United Nations system.
  6. As part of the Secretary-General’s social media campaign which took place from 24 September to 2 October 2019, reaffirming their support and commitment to the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse, 76 participants responded to the Secretary-General’s tweet, including heads of state or government of the Secretary-General’s Circle of Leadership; Special Representatives of the Secretary-General from peacekeeping and special political missions, Heads and senior officials from across the United Nations as well as members of the Secretary-General’s Civil Society Advisory Board, issued a tweet, all gathered in a Twitter Moment.


Membership of the Secretary-General's Circle of Leadership 

As at 12 January 2021, the membership of the Secretary-General’s Circle of Leadership on the prevention of and response to sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations operations stands at 92 sitting and former heads of State/Government.

Sitting heads of State/Government

  1. Principality of Andorra, Prime Minister Xavier Espot Zamora
  2. Argentina, President Mauricio Macri
  3. Australia, Prime Minister Scott Morrison
  4. Austria, President Alexander van der Bellen
  5. People's Republic of Bangladesh, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina*
  6. Belgium, Prime Minister Charles Michel
  7. Belize, Prime Minister Dean Barrow
  8. Kingdom of Bhutan, Prime Minister Dr. Lotay Tshering
  9. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Members of the Presidency Milorad Dodik, Šefik Džaferović and Zeljko Komšić
  10. Botswana, President Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi
  11. Brazil, President Jair Messias Bolsonaro
  12. Bulgaria, President Rumen Radev
  13. Burkina Faso, President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré*
  14. Republic of Cabo Verde, Prime Minister José Ulisses Correia e Silva
  15. Kingdom of Cambodia, Prime Minister Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen
  16. Canada, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
  17. Republic of Chad, President Idriss Deby Itno
  18. Union of the Comoros, President Azali Assoumali
  19. Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, President Alassane Ouattara*
  20. Republic of Cyprus, President Nicos Anastasiades
  21. Denmark, Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen
  22. Republic of Djibouti, President and Head of Government Ismael Omar Guelleh*
  23. Dominican Republic, President Danilo Medina Sánchez
  24. Arab Republic of Egypt, President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi*
  25. Republic of Estonia, President Kersti Kaljulaid
  26. Republic of Fiji, Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama
  27. Finland, President Sauli Niinistö
  28. France, President Emmanuel Macron
  29. Georgia, President Salome Zourabichvili
  30. Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel
  31. Ghana, President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo*
  32. Iceland, Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir
  33. India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi*
  34. Ireland, Taoiseach Micheál Martin
  35. Italy, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte*
  36. Japan, Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide
  37. Republic of Kenya, President Uhuru Kenyatta
  38. Kingdom of Lesotho, Prime Minister Thomas Motsoahae Thabane
  39. Libya, President of the Presidency Council of the Government of National Accord Faiez Mustafa Serraj
  40. Republic of Malawi, President Arthur Peter Mutharika
  41. Malaysia, Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad
  42. Republic of Maldives, President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
  43. Kingdom of Morocco, King Mohammed VI*
  44. Republic of Namibia, President Hage G. Geingob
  45. Kingdom of the Netherlands, Prime Minister Mark Rutte
  46. Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari*
  47. North Macedonia, Prime Minister Oliver Spasovski
  48. Norway, Prime Minister Erna Solberg
  49. Pakistan, Prime Minister Imran Khan*
  50. Palau, President Tommy Esang Remengesau Jr.
  51. Panama, President Juan Carlos Varela Rodríguez
  52. Peru, President Martin Vizcarra Cornejo
  53. Portugal, Prime Minister António Luís Santos da Costa
  54. Republic of Korea, President Jae-in Moon
  55. Romania, President Klaus Werner Iohannis
  56. Republic of Rwanda, President Paul Kagame*
  57. Saint Lucia, Prime Minister Allen Michael Chastanet
  58. Republic of Senegal, President Macky Sall*
  59. Slovak Republic, President Zuzana Čaputová
  60. Republic of Slovenia, Prime Minister Marjan Šarec
  61. Republic of South Africa, President Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa*
  62. Spain, Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez
  63. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa
  64. Switzerland, President Simonetta Sommaruga
  65. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, President Francisco Guterres Lú Olo
  66. Togo, President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé*
  67. Republic of Uganda, President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
  68. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Prime Minister Boris Johnson
  69. United States of America, President Donald J. Trump
  70. Uruguay, President Tabaré Vázquez*
  71. Republic of Zambia, President Edgar Chagwa Lungu*

Former heads of State/Government

  1. Principality of Andorra, the former Prime Minister Antoni Martí-Petit
  2. Australia, the former Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull
  3. Kingdom of Bhutan, the former Prime Minister Lyonchoen Tshering Tobgay
  4. Plurinational State of Bolivia, the former President Evo Morales Ayma
  5. Brazil, the former President Michel Temer
  6. Denmark, the former Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen
  7. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    the former Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn*
  8. Iceland, the former Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson
  9. Ireland, the former Taoiseach Leo Varadkar
  10. Italy, the former Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni
  11. Republic of Lithuania, the former President Dalia Grybauskaitė
  12. North Macedonia, the former Prime Minister Zoran Zaev
  13. Slovak Republic, the former President Andrej Kiska
  14. Republic of Slovenia, the former Prime Minister Miro Cerar
  15. Republic of South Africa, the former President Jacob Zuma
  16. Spain, the former Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Brey
  17. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, the former President Maithripala Sirisena
  18. Switzerland, the former President Ueli Maurer
  19. Switzerland, the former President Doris Leuthard
  20. Switzerland, the former President Alain Berset
  21. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the former Prime Minister Theresa May

Note: * Top 20 TCCs or PCCs as at 31 May 2019