Sixteenth Session (2017)
- The Permanent Forum has, in recent years, expressed considerable concern regarding the situation of indigenous youth and the lack of disaggregated data thereon. In 2016, the Forum decided to include a recurring item on indigenous youth in the agenda of its annual sessions and has issued several youth-specific recommendations. The Forum welcomes the progress made and encourages further action by indigenous organizations and youth, as well as by members of the United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development and the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues, in implementing those recommendations.
- The Permanent Forum requests the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues and, specifically, those agencies working on land tenure and changes in land use, to step up cooperation in order to operationalize indicators on land tenure and changes in land use pertaining to the traditional territories (lands and waters) of indigenous peoples, as a global multipurpose indicator in order to report on status and trends, in line with the Convention on Biological Diversity, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. All relevant funds, programmes and specialized agencies should update the Forum every year on the results of this work.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the Inter-agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators provide support for the inclusion and methodological development of core indicators for indigenous peoples in the global indicator framework,3 in particular the inclusion of the indicator on the legal recognition of the land rights of indigenous peoples for the targets under Goals 1 and 2.
- The Permanent Forum recognizes the importance of data disaggregation, as noted in target 17.18 of the 2030 Agenda, and in this regard, it is aware of the good practices promoted by the Economic and Social Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). The Forum recommends that ECLAC, in cooperation with UNFPA and others, redouble efforts to ensure data disaggregation for indigenous peoples and promote the inclusion of complementary indicators on indigenous peoples’ rights in Governments’ national reports for the Sustainable Development Goals and the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development, adopted at the Regional Conference on Population and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Forum further recommends that ECLAC provide a guidance note and organize a mutual learning event, jointly with other regional commissions, in order to share best practices of data disaggregation on the basis of indigenous identifiers and self-identification, as used in the 2010 round of census in several countries in Latin America.
- The Permanent Forum calls upon Governments to establish permanent, open and inclusive mechanisms for consultation, participation and representation of indigenous peoples in local, regional, national and international processes and bodies relating to the Sustainable Development Goals. It also calls upon Governments to allocate adequate resources towards implementation of plans that include indigenous peoples, as well as to ensure data disaggregation on the basis of indigenous identifiers.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that relevant countries among the 44 countries undergoing voluntary national reviews at the high-level political forum in 2017 include indigenous peoples in their reviews, reports and delegations. The Forum invites those Member States to report on good practices of including indigenous peoples’ indicators in the voluntary national reviews to the Forum at its seventeenth session.
Fifteenth Session (2016)
- Consistent with articles 18 and 19 of the United Nations Declaration and in line with the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with the call to “leave no one behind”, the Permanent Forum strongly recommend that States and funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the United Nations system ensure the disaggregation of data on the basis of indigenous identifiers/ethnicity and the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples in developing and monitoring national action plans and in all processes relating to the follow-up to and review of the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, including at the high-level political forum on sustainable development.
- States should take effective measures to eliminate violence against indigenous peoples by studying the root causes of conflict and human rights abuses, developing indicators and methodologies for risk assessment and early warning mechanisms and improving national legislation for the administration of justice with regard to the perpetrators of war crimes.
Fourteenth Session (2015)
- The Permanent Forum requests that States incorporate commitments made in the outcome document of the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples into the development of the post-2015 development agenda, especially the action points on data disaggregation, land rights, traditional knowledge, the implementation of free, prior and informed consent and access to justice presented by indigenous speakers in the thematic panels during the high-level stocktaking event, and reaffirm their commitments to indigenous peoples in the political declaration of the United Nations summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda, with the following paragraph:
We affirm that indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for exercising their right to development, based on their security, of their lands, territories and resources. We commit ourselves to ensuring equal access to high-quality education that recognizes the diversity of the cultures of indigenous peoples, and to health, housing, water, sanitation and other economic and social programmes to improve their well-being, including through initiatives, policies and the provision of resources. We intend to empower indigenous peoples, including women, to deliver such programmes and commit ourselves to working with indigenous peoples to disaggregate data on indigenous peoples’ development and well-being.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators engage with indigenous peoples in developing key indicators relating to indigenous peoples’ rights to their lands, territories and resources, traditional knowledge, free, prior and informed consent, empowerment of indigenous women, access to justice and special measures addressing the particular circumstances of indigenous peoples regarding relevant poverty, health, education and socioeconomic development targets of the 17 goals.
- The Permanent Forum acknowledges IFAD for the implementation of its policy on indigenous peoples and for selecting “Indigenous peoples’ food systems and sustainable livelihoods” as the theme of the second global meeting of the Indigenous Peoples’ Forum at IFAD. The Forum expects that IFAD will continue to strengthen its engagement with indigenous peoples in its future work by ensuring engagement at the country level through targeted programmes, capacity-building for indigenous peoples and project staff and the development of specific indicators on the well-being of indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum notes the participation of United Nations and indigenous experts in the panel discussion on the proposed indigenous peoples development index. In particular, the Forum notes the work of States, United Nations agencies and indigenous experts in developing indicators, such as on cultural integrity, status and trends in relation to land tenure and food security, and the Indigenous Navigator project as positive initiatives towards the development of such an index.
- In establishing indicators, the focus should be on the vision and world view of indigenous peoples, based on collective rights, such as those to identity, land, territory, free, prior and informed consent and women’s participation in local, national and international decision-making processes.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that Member States actively engage with their indigenous peoples in both developed countries and developing countries, including indigenous women, indigenous youth and indigenous persons with disabilities, in developing key indicators on indigenous peoples, including for data disaggregation, to be included in the overall indicators for the post-2015 development agenda to be adopted in March 2016.
- The Permanent Forum calls upon States to recognize indigenous peoples, where they exist, consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Declaration, in their legislation in order to gather statistical data thereon, especially in the area of allocation of land and other natural resources for traditional use.
Thirteenth Session (2014)
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the World Health Organization, the United Nations Population Fund and other relevant entities coordinate in the formulation of key intercultural standards and indicators of quality of care to be considered in the definition of a future post-2015 goal on universal health coverage that includes the sexual and reproductive health of indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) convene platforms of dialogue with countries, United Nations agencies and private sector actors to find solutions to improve the economic empowerment of indigenous peoples consistent with their cultural identity and diversity, as well as sustainable and equitable development. The Forum also recommends that specific indicators pertaining to the well-being of indigenous peoples be systematically adopted in IFAD-funded projects implemented in accordance with article 41 of the Declaration.
- The Permanent Forum urges States to generate statistics disaggregated by ethnicity, gender, indigenous identity, language, language skills and self-identification, and to provide sources of data to allow for a more accurate assessment of whether indigenous children and youth are actually benefiting from the expenditure earmarked for them. The Forum also urges United Nations agencies, funds and programmes to support member States in generating statistics and the United Nations agencies, funds and programmes and academic centres to produce a toolkit that provides a comprehensive and an accurate overview of human development indicators concerning indigenous children and youth.
- The Permanent Forum further urges States to improve their collection of data on self-harm and suicide among indigenous children and youth, as well as on violence against indigenous women, boys and girls, to facilitate better understanding of the extent of the problem. States should commit to reducing the incidence of self-harm, violence and suicide among indigenous children and youth through the allocation of adequate resources to holistic prevention and support services, in partnership with indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that Member States and United Nations agencies recognize indigenous peoples as distinct stakeholders and make a specific separate reference to indigenous peoples, and not simply include them under the terms “marginalized and vulnerable groups”, in both the sustainable development goals and the post-2015 development agenda, including the Small Island Developing States process, and that this recommendation, with the specific recognition of indigenous peoples’ views and priorities for development, should be reflected in the goals and targets to be developed, including appropriate indicators and data disaggregation.
Twelfth Session (2013)
- The Permanent Forum recalls the many recommendations that call for statistics on indigenous health. Data collection and disaggregation remain a challenge. In particular, the delivery of health care in rural and remote areas remains a major obstacle to the right to health. In addition, there remains an urgent need for more indigenous health professionals, mental health services and programmes addressing non-communicable diseases and reproductive health. In particular, the Forum reaffirms the recommendation of the eighth session that an expert group meeting on sexual health and reproductive rights be held.
- The Permanent Forum recommends the development and inclusion of clear indicators and monitoring tools relating to indigenous peoples in the sustainable development goals and post-2015 development process, to be developed jointly with indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the Statistical Commission and the United Nations Statistics Division use the System of Environmental-Economic Accounts in the development of a coherent and integrated set of indicators for monitoring the situation and well-being of indigenous peoples and the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Eleventh Session (2012)
- The Forum expresses its concerns regarding continued violence against women and, owing to the seriousness of these conditions, reiterates its previous recommendations regarding: human and sex trafficking; prostitution and trans-border issues; the disappearance, or murder, of aboriginal women; issues related to identification and birth certificates; environmental violence; intergenerational trauma; youth suicide; peace and security; conflict prevention and resolution; cultural practices such as female genital mutilation or cutting; bride price and promised brides; racism and discrimination; and data disaggregation.
- The Forum affirms the recommendation contained in paragraph 57 of the report, urging States to implement and strengthen national censuses and data collection on socioeconomic and well-being indicators to include data disaggregation in relation to violence against indigenous women and girls; reiterates the importance of peace and security to the lives of indigenous women and children and endorses the recommendation contained in paragraph 68 of the report, that States should implement Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010); reaffirms the recommendation contained in paragraph 51 that indigenous communities should consider creating and supporting initiatives to monitor and assess the situation of violence against indigenous women and girls and present regular reports to the Permanent Forum on violence against indigenous women and girls; and endorses the recommendation contained in paragraph 55, that United Nations agencies, bodies and other entities support the development of protocol templates for police practices involving missing persons cases of indigenous women and girls, and that indigenous peoples and States work in partnership to implement these protocol templates to increase their effectiveness and to be consistent with international human rights laws, norms and standards.
- The Permanent Forum notes that in international law, the right to adequate food and the fundamental right to be free from hunger apply to everyone without discrimination. The Permanent Forum is concerned about the implementation gap between what is legally recognized and the reality. The right to food is frequently denied or violated, often as a result of systematic discrimination or the widespread lack of applicability of indigenous peoples’ rights. The Permanent Forum recommends that States engage in an inclusive and participatory process to ensure food sovereignty and security, in accordance with the principles of free, prior and informed consent, and develop standards and methodologies and cultural indicators to assess and address food sovereignty.
Tenth Session (2011)
- The Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues has received information on the implementation of 62 of the 131 recommendations made throughout its past nine sessions in the field of economic and social development, which is one of the six areas that the Forum is mandated to address. These recommendations cover a range of issues, including large-scale development projects, resource extraction, communication, traditional livelihoods, data disaggregation and the development of indicators. The Permanent Forum has consistently upheld the right of indigenous peoples to self-determination, as well as their right to determine and develop their own priorities and strategies for development, as enshrined in articles 3 and 32, respectively, of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous women play an integral role in all aspects of economic and social development, and, in order for indigenous peoples to advance the effective implementation of the Declaration, violence against indigenous women must be eradicated.
- The Permanent Forum congratulates the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) on the establishment of an indigenous peoples’ forum on 18 February 2011. This is consistent with international standards and, in particular, with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. It is also an example of good practice to be followed by other United Nations entities. The Forum encourages IFAD to: (a) actively promote the participation of indigenous peoples’ organizations in country strategies and programme cycles; (b) improve the design, monitoring and evaluation of IFAD-funded projects by using specific indicators for the well-being of indigenous peoples and by promoting an independent assessment of such projects by indigenous peoples; and (c) improving its advocacy role in disseminating its best practices in terms of development approaches with indigenous peoples at the national, regional and international levels.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the report of the technical expert group meeting on indicators, mechanisms and data for assessing the implementation of indigenous peoples’ rights, held in Geneva in September 2010 by the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the secretariat of the Permanent Forum. The report sets out important principles and guidance for further work. The Permanent Forum recommends that the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues and, in particular, ILO, OHCHR and the secretariat of the Permanent Forum continue their work to develop a common framework for monitoring the situation and well-being of indigenous peoples and the implementation of the Declaration, including the identification of indigenous-appropriate indicators, possible data sources and linkages to relevant mechanisms. The process should be taken forward in a collaborative manner with other interested institutions, ensuring full consultation and participation of indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues compile a database on case studies showing the progress made by Member States and organizations regarding indigenous youth rights in the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the adoption by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity of two additional indicators for traditional knowledge: (a) status and trends in land use change and land tenure in the traditional territories of indigenous and local communities, and (b) status and trends in the practice of traditional occupations, to complement the adopted indicator on status and trends in traditional languages. The Forum urges the secretariat of the Convention and agencies working on these issues, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), ILO, FAO, IFAD and the International Land Coalition, to collaborate with a view to fully operationalizing those indicators.
- The Permanent Forum requests that UNICEF prepare a report on the state of the world’s children, with a thematic focus on indigenous children. The report should give special attention to the implementation by Member States of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and general comment No. 11 (2009) of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on indigenous children and their rights under the Convention. Furthermore, the Forum requests UNICEF to begin to disaggregate data on indigenous children, including from its existing database.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that UNICEF continue to gather data on the issue of children and migration and information on the effects of migration on children, recognizing in particular the situation of indigenous children, the risks of serious exploitation, such as trafficking in human beings for various purposes, and the restoration of rights to victims and vulnerable children, such as street children, through all country-level programmes.
Ninth Session (2010)
Special theme: “Indigenous peoples: development with culture and identity: articles 3 and 32 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples”
- TThe Permanent Forum recommends that the efforts undertaken to develop the indicators of sustainability and well-being of indigenous peoples should be continued and supported by States, the United Nations system and intergovernmental bodies. This will lead to the establishment of headline indicators to measure and represent the goals and aspirations of indigenous peoples. These initiatives should lead to the creation of an indigenous peoples development index, which the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) would adopt as a project to be included in future issues of the Human Development Report.
- The Permanent Forum calls on Member States, UNDP and other relevant organizations to effectively involve indigenous peoples in the review processes of the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals at the national and local levels and to ensure that disaggregated data on how the Goals are achieved in indigenous peoples territories be included.
- TThe Permanent Forum takes note of the report submitted by the International Indian Treaty Council and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on the three-year field-testing programme for the cultural indicators for food security, food sovereignty and sustainable development, which included the input of more than 450 indigenous representatives from 66 indigenous communities and peoples in five countries. The Forum recognizes the importance of such collaborative programmes undertaken jointly by United Nations agencies and indigenous peoples, and calls upon members of the Inter-Agency Support Group and Member States and agencies to develop and apply the cultural indicators in accordance with their mandates, in collaboration with indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that States: ensure that the collection of statistical data be disaggregated by sex and ethnicity; discourage monitoring that is focused only on national averages; ensure indigenous peoples’ and indigenous women’s effective participation in all stages of the preparation, coordination and implementation of data collection; develop a proper system of indicators in partnership with indigenous peoples and women; and enable a measurement of progress in the different areas.
Comprehensive dialogue with six United Nations system entities
- The Permanent Forum commends UNFPA for its efforts at the regional and country levels to collect disaggregated data and develop and disseminate quantitative and qualitative studies on the situation of indigenous peoples, focusing particularly on the rights of indigenous women and girls and its efforts in several countries to ensure that indigenous issues are adequately reflected in national censuses. The Permanent Forum also welcomes the Fund’s promotion of the collection and use of disaggregated data to support Governments in designing and implementing policies and programmes that tackle inequities and benefit vulnerable populations. The Permanent Forum shares the concern of UNFPA that gaps in information collected in demographic surveys can mask discrepancies in progress among indigenous peoples (for example, while poverty rates may decline within a particular country, they may remain higher among indigenous peoples in comparison with the general population).
- The Permanent Forum commends the efforts made to include indigenous peoples in statistics and disaggregated data. As the Permanent Forum has pointed out, data collection and disaggregation concerning indigenous peoples poses unique challenges. The latest version of the United Nations Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, produced by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, elaborates the need to disaggregate statistics on the basis of ethnocultural characteristics, especially with respect to indigenous populations. The Statistics Division, as part of its series of special topics, collected, processed and disseminated data on ethnocultural characteristics as available in the 2000 census round, complementing it with the set of questions used in national censuses to capture the data in the various categories.
- With regard to other issues affecting indigenous peoples, the Permanent Forum commends the Division for the Advancement of Women for including indigenous women in its database on violence against women, which was launched in March 2009, as well as highlighting the needs of indigenous girls in education programmes aimed at eliminating all forms of discrimination and violence against the girl child, and for focusing on rural indigenous women in its 2007 report and in discussions on climate change addressing indigenous women’s vulnerability.
- The Permanent Forum commends the Division for Sustainable Development for its initiative to select indigenous peoples’ organizations to conduct fieldwork and data compilation for the Division and for the fact that national data indicators on indigenous peoples are available in the Division’s national recording mechanisms and country profiles. The Permanent Forum also takes note of fact that the Division for Sustainable Development has hosted side events that inform indigenous peoples about how they can be involved in the Division’s work and that a special study on indigenous peoples in Africa has been conducted.
Eighth Session (2009)
- The Permanent Forum has paid particular attention to the participation and representation of indigenous peoples in development processes, such as those related to the Millennium Development Goals, data collection and disaggregation, and urban indigenous peoples and migration. The Forum has recommended on numerous occasions that United Nations agencies, international financial institutions and other development actors change their paradigms and approaches to their work with indigenous peoples. This includes increased mainstreaming of indigenous peoples’ issues in their work, respect for the principle of free, prior and informed consent, recognition of collective rights, including treaty rights, and increased participation of indigenous peoples, including women, in programme design, implementation and monitoring.
- The Permanent Forum endorses the recommendations of the International Technical Workshop on Indicators Relevant for Indigenous Peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the Inter-agency Support Group on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues convene an international technical expert seminar on indicators of the well-being of indigenous peoples to discuss indicators that could be used in monitoring the situation of indigenous peoples and the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Furthermore, the Forum recommends that relevant United Nations bodies and agencies, States and indigenous peoples conduct assessments of the extent to which they have advanced the recommendations of the Forum on indigenous women, utilizing the framework of the Declaration, as set out by the International Indigenous Women’s Forum. Action for the immediate implementation of these recommendations is required by all.
Seventh Session (2008)
- The Permanent Forum recommends that, in the Arctic, Amazon and Congo basins and the Sahara oases, which are indicators of climate change for the rest of the world, Member States work closely with indigenous peoples. The discussions and negotiations on climate change should respect the rights of indigenous peoples to nurture and develop their traditional knowledge and their environment-friendly technologies. In the case of indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation and inhabiting the most biodiverse areas in the Amazon, the primary requirement of their free prior and informed consent for any alien intervention must be stressed.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the global synthesis report on indicators of well-being, poverty and sustainability relevant to indigenous peoples,4 which is the culmination of efforts by the United Nations system and indigenous peoples’ organizations over the past several years. The Forum invites the United Nations system, including the United Nations Development Group and the Inter-Agency Support Group, the donor community, States, indigenous peoples, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to use those indicators as a guide in programmes and projects directly or indirectly affecting indigenous peoples and their communities, in accordance with the standards set by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recommends the coordination, without financial obligations, of an expert group meeting on water to initiate a close review and assessment of water allocation, regulation and access policies that affect the rights and health of indigenous peoples and of future generations. That expert group meeting on water can explore and establish indicators of water well-being for indigenous nations and the world community, particularly in the light of increasing negative water impacts owed to climate change.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the Statistics Commission advocate for the promotion of indigenous peoples’ issues in the 2010 round of population and housing censuses and the Demographic and Health Survey, and other surveys and censuses, taking into account the global synthesis report on indicators of well-being, poverty and sustainability submitted at the seventh session of the Forum. The Forum calls on all relevant United Nations agencies to support this initiative.
Sixth Session (2007)
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the initiative of the World Bank in compiling and analysing disaggregated data on indigenous peoples, poverty and human development in South-East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, and urges the World Bank to present the results of those studies to the seventh session of the Permanent Forum in 2008.
Ongoing activities and themes (data collection and disaggregation of data on indigenous peoples)
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the reports on the various regional, thematic and international workshops on indicators organized by indigenous peoples’ organizations in collaboration with the secretariats of the Forum and the Convention on Biological Diversity. Appreciating that these workshops are the beginning of a long-term process, the Permanent Forum invites those organizations to continue building indigenous partnerships on indicators and to carry out the concrete activities identified in their reports, together with Governments, United Nations agencies and technical experts.
- The Permanent Forum thanks the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional of the Government of Spain, the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway, the Swedish International Biodiversity Programme and IFAD for their financial support for the regional, thematic and international seminars on indicators relevant to indigenous peoples, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Millennium Development Goals, and urges other donors to contribute to this important work.
- The Permanent Forum looks forward to the decisions of the ninth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity on indicators and on the protection of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices and other related indicators in the strategic plan and biodiversity target for 2010.
- The Permanent Forum calls on ILO to provide more information in the future on the status and trends in the practice of traditional occupations.
- The Permanent Forum reiterates its call on States, indigenous organizations, United Nations agencies and academia to collaborate on national or subnational pilot projects on data disaggregation and collection, as recommended by the Asia regional workshop on indicators, and calls on the Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat to support those efforts. Taking note of the need for guidelines to ensure the use of culturally sensitive, objective and survey instruments, the Permanent Forum invites universities and other technical experts to address this need.
- Recalling the inter-agency support group report on data disaggregation, the Permanent Forum calls for the implementation of the following recommendations:
- The United Nations system should use and further refine existing indicators, such as the common country assessment indicators, Millennium Development Goal indicators, country progress reports, global monitoring instruments and human development indexes to measure the situation of indigenous and tribal peoples;
- The national human development reports, produced through nationally owned, editorially independent processes, should systematically include case studies and should include disaggregated data on indigenous and tribal peoples.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the Regional Initiative on Indigenous Peoples’ Rights and Development of UNDP and, in particular, the pilot projects on gathering disaggregated data in the Philippines and Nepal. The Permanent Forum also recommends that the Regional Indigenous Peoples’ Programme continue this work in other countries.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the proposal of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, to collect information on best practices in adapting statistical inquiries to the needs of indigenous peoples. The Permanent Forum looks forward to the results of this project and invites the Institute to follow up on this work with the Forum through the Forum secretariat.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the activities carried out by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean through its Centre for Latin American Demography — Population Division, in particular its adoption of a rights- based approach that considers indigenous peoples’ individual and collective rights included in the 2006 edition of the Social Panorama. The Forum recommends that the Commission:
- Increase the number of sociodemographic studies of indigenous peoples, especially those addressing urbanization and migration and their effects on indigenous peoples;
- Continue to develop a system of sociodemographic indicators on the indigenous peoples of Latin America, in cooperation with the Fondo Indígena, indigenous peoples’ organizations and United Nations agencies;
- Support production of information by countries on indigenous peoples with reference to access to, quality and cultural relevance of social services, guaranteeing the full participation of indigenous peoples in this process;
- Organize an expert group meeting to prepare operative recommendations to improve the identification of indigenous peoples in the upcoming 2010 round of censuses and other data sources, ensuring the full participation of indigenous peoples in this process;
- Produce technical studies and recommendations to States on human rights-based public policies on indigenous peoples in cooperation with the specialized agencies of the United Nations.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that all States work in equal partnership with indigenous peoples to develop, implement and evaluate indicators on well- being that provide an overview of the social and economic status of indigenous peoples within a holistic, integrated framework. The Forum also recommends that States invest adequate resources, in accordance with their human rights obligations, to address the indigenous social and economic needs identified by the indicator framework.
- The Permanent Forum recognizes and congratulates the International Indigenous ICT Task Force on the launch of the indigenous portal (http://www.indigenousportal.com) on 21 May 2007. The Task Force is an indigenous follow-up mechanism to the World Summit on the Information Society.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that, prior to its seventh session, United Nations organizations should provide technical assistance and convene, in cooperation with indigenous peoples’ organizations, regional workshops on the special theme of the seventh session, “Climate change, bio-cultural diversity and livelihoods: the stewardship of indigenous peoples and new challenges”, with the participation of the members of the Forum and other experts, indigenous peoples’ representatives, indigenous parliamentarians, State representatives and representatives of the United Nations system, in order to formulate recommendations for consideration, as part of its preparatory work for the seventh session. The Permanent Forum further recommends that States, organizations and donors provide resources for these regional workshops and that the report on the human rights situation of indigenous peoples in States and Territories threatened with extinction for environmental reasons14 be included in the discussions held at the workshops.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that the secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity facilitate the holding of an indigenous peoples’ expert workshop on traditional knowledge in a timely manner in order to feed into the fifth meeting of the Advisory Group on Article 8 (j) and Related Provisions and the fifth and sixth meetings of the Ad Hoc Open-Ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing in order to support the elaboration by indigenous peoples of recommendations on an international regime on access and benefit-sharing. The meeting could be organized back-to-back with the meeting of the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Issues in order to take advantage of the presence of some United Nations agencies, which will be able to provide technical support and information.
- The Permanent Forum decides to transmit the report of the expert group meeting to the Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity as an informational document for the meetings of the Open-Ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing and the Advisory Group on Article 8 (j) and Related Provisions, to be presented during the discussion of the relevant agenda item at those meetings.
- The Permanent Forum calls upon the States parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity to continue to enhance participatory mechanisms by ensuring that the diverse regional views of indigenous peoples are reflected in discussions on the international regime on access and benefit-sharing. In particular, the parties are urged to ensure adequate representation of indigenous peoples from the seven indigenous geo-cultural regions12 and subregional levels in the Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing and to ensure that they are provided with opportunities to express diverse regional and subregional views.
- The Permanent Forum, with the assistance of relevant member of the Inter- Agency Support Group, and in collaboration with indigenous experts, will conduct timely technical reviews at critical stages in the negotiations of international standards on the protection of traditional knowledge, such as the international regime on access and benefit-sharing and the deliberations of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), to evaluate consistency and harmonization with existing and developing international legal instruments, standards and arrangements and, in particular, the human rights of indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum calls upon the secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity to work in partnership with other members of the Inter-Agency Support Group and donors to organize regional workshops for the purposes of information exchange and capacity-building among Governments, indigenous peoples and local communities and other stakeholders with regard to the proposed international regime on access and benefit-sharing. In addition, the secretariat is called upon to provide financial support for indigenous networks to disseminate information, in appropriate and accessible languages, and through appropriate media, to indigenous communities on this issue.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes and encourages the continuation of the practice of submission of reports by the States, United Nations agencies and indigenous peoples’ organizations on implementation of its recommendations, including analysis of their positive and negative work experience in the process of implementation.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the invitation from the Government of the Russian Federation, the Governor of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Region, the public chamber of the Russian Federation and the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East (RAIPON) to hold an international meeting in the city of Salekhard, from 1 to 4 July 2007, dedicated to the study of experiences of interaction between indigenous peoples and the private sector, and expresses its appreciation for this invitation. The Permanent Forum also calls upon other States to follow the example of the Russian Federation.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the continuing preparation by its secretariat of the publication on the “State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples”.
- The Permanent Forum decides to conduct a half-day discussion during its eighth session on the subject of “Countries of the Arctic region”, with the broad participation of indigenous communities, regional administrations and institutions of local self-governance.
- The Permanent Forum expresses its appreciation for the continuing presence and support of the members of the Inter-Agency Support Group at its annual sessions and intersessional meetings and for the valuable written contributions in the form of pre-sessional documentation. The Permanent Forum also expresses its appreciation to IFAD for convening and hosting the annual meeting of the Inter- Agency Support Group on Indigenous Issues in September 2006.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the participation at its sixth session of indigenous parliamentarians from, inter alia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Greenland, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Norway, Peru, the Russian Federation, Sweden, and encourages indigenous parliamentarians to continue participating at future sessions in their own capacity, with designated seating arrangements.
- The Permanent Forum encourages indigenous parliamentarians to organize a global satellite conference of indigenous representatives with the objective of analysing as a whole the level of progress in the promotion, protection and exercise of the rights of indigenous peoples around the world within the framework of the seventh session of the Permanent Forum.
- The Permanent Forum recognizes the role of indigenous parliamentarians in the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples’ rights, and thus recommends increasing their participation in the sessions of the Permanent Forum, adopting regional and national mechanisms to monitor the recommendations and working towards the establishment of particular mechanisms of participation.
- Noting that the current mandate of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions of WIPO expires at the end of 2007, the Permanent Forum calls upon member States of WIPO to extend the mandate of that body.
- The Permanent Forum expresses appreciation to Mr. Michael Dodson for his concept paper on traditional knowledge,15 and recommends that the paper be widely circulated. The Permanent Forum invites States, United Nations agencies, non- governmental organizations and indigenous peoples and their organizations and academic institutions to submit written comments to the secretariat for consideration at the seventh session of the Permanent Forum. The Permanent Forum welcomes the support and notes that the recommendation in paragraph 24 of the report of the Special Rapporteur states that: “the Permanent Forum should commission a study … to determine whether there ought to be a shift in the focus on the protection of indigenous traditional knowledge away from intellectual property law to protection via customary law … The study should consider how indigenous traditional knowledge could be protected at an international level by utilizing customary law, including the extent to which customary law should be reflected, thereby providing guidance to States and, subsequently, protection at national and regional levels”.16 The Permanent Forum would particularly welcome written submissions addressing the above recommendation. The Permanent Forum re-appoints Mr. Dodson as Special Rapporteur to present a follow-up study on indigenous traditional knowledge, taking into account the written submissions, and to present the report to the seventh session of the Permanent Forum in 2008.
- The Permanent Forum expresses appreciation to all States, United Nations agencies and foundations that contributed to the Trust Fund on Indigenous Issues, including contributions for the small grants programme for the Second International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People and the Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations, and invites States, agencies and foundations to continue contributing generously to the Funds. The Forum urges the Voluntary Fund on Indigenous Populations to give particular support to applications from indigenous peoples from the Pacific to participate in its seventh session in 2008. The Permanent Forum encourages representatives of indigenous peoples’ organizations from the Pacific to make applications to the Fund in order to the attend the seventh session of the Permanent Forum.
- The Permanent Forum expresses appreciation to Mr. Parshuram Tamang and Mr. Yuri Boichenko for their draft questionnaire for United Nations agencies and requests the secretariat of the Permanent Forum to use the questionnaire in seeking information from agencies for its future sessions. The Permanent Forum also supports requests from States that they receive a similar questionnaire and requests the secretariat to carry through this request, in consultation with members of the Permanent Forum.
- In view of the need to actively promote implementation of its recommendations, the Permanent Forum decides to consider, at its seventh session in 2008, the advisability of alternating its sessions between one year of policy recommendations and one year of monitoring recommendations.
- The Permanent Forum reiterates the recommendation of its fourth and fifth sessions that the Department of Peacekeeping Operations of the United Nations Secretariat establish a policy on indigenous peoples, in consultation with indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum recognizes that it is important that the Human Rights Council continues to effectively address indigenous peoples’ issues as human rights issues. The Permanent Forum decides to appoint Ms. Ida Nicolaisen and Mr. Wilton Littlechild to undertake a study on the structures, procedures and mechanisms that presently exist and that might be established to effectively address the human rights situation of indigenous peoples, to arrange for indigenous representation and inclusion in such structures, procedures and mechanisms and to submit a report on the subject to the Permanent Forum by 31 December 2007.
- The Permanent Forum notes the plan for a second international border security summit in North America to focus on the human rights of indigenous peoples divided by the international borders. The Permanent Forum reiterates that the problems exist in many other parts of the world and recognizes the importance of this issue to other indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum expresses its deepest concern that one of its members, Mr. Yuri Boichenko, was denied a timely visa by the authorities of the United States of America and that, for that reason, he was unable to carry out his functions for the first half of the sixth session of the Permanent Forum in New York. The Permanent Forum reiterates its deep concern that some indigenous peoples’ delegates have been unable to obtain visas to participate in the regular sessions of the Permanent Forum. The Permanent Forum recommends the Government of the United States take effective steps to streamline processes of visa applications in order to facilitate the timely issue of visas to those indigenous peoples’ delegates wishing to participate in the sessions of the Permanent Forum.
- The Permanent Forum reiterates it calls on States to provide funds for indigenous youth for language training courses to enable their full and effective participation in United Nations meetings.
- The Permanent Forum intends to develop a working practice for its next session that will engage the Youth Caucus more actively in its work.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the parallel side event on “Indigenous peoples and communication for development”, organized by FAO and the secretariat of the Permanent Forum, in conjunction with the World Congress on Communications for Development, which was held in Rome in October 2006, and the Second International Summit on Communications for Development and Indigenous Peoples, which was held in Bolivia on 24 and 25 April 2007. The Permanent Forum endorses the elaboration of a “Platform of action on indigenous peoples communications for development” by indigenous participants in the above process.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that OHCHR duly reflect on its strategic management plan for 2008/09 and on its activities to mainstream indigenous issues at the field level, inter alia, in connection with Action 2.
Fifth Session (2006)
- Data collection and disaggregation were designated a cross-cutting theme at the second session of the Permanent Forum in 2003 and they continue to constitute a priority issue. The Permanent Forum recognizes that disaggregated data provide a key tool for the planning and execution of programmes and projects targeting indigenous peoples, and that disaggregated data in conjunction with culturally sensitive indicators constitute a prerequisite for the monitoring and evaluation of the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals for indigenous peoples.
- Recognizing that the Millennium Development Goals do not address the specific needs of indigenous peoples, the Permanent Forum urges States to urgently collect disaggregated data and adopt culturally sensitive indicators to monitor the implementation of the Goals among indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum acknowledges the achievements of United Nations bodies in developing, collecting and analysing data that capture the cultural specificity of indigenous peoples as reflected in the reports received. It notes with concern, however, that culturally appropriate indicators and tools are not in place to monitor the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals for indigenous peoples. The Permanent Forum welcomes ongoing initiatives aimed at correcting this deficiency, including:
- The technical paper prepared by the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Issues (E/C.19/2006/3/Add.1), which offers an overview of indicators and systems of data collection and disaggregation currently in place in its member organizations. The Permanent Forum endorses recommendations 36 and 37 proposed by ILO, UNDP, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), UNESCO, the secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, UNIFEM, UNFPA, WHO, UNICEF, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), UNEP and the Division for Public Administration and Development Management and the Division for Sustainable Development of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat;
- The report of the International Expert Group Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals, Indigenous Participation and Good Governance (E/C.19/2006/7) of which the Permanent Forum endorses recommendation 63;
- The report of the Meeting on Indigenous Peoples and Indicators of Well- Being (Ottawa, 23-26 March 2006) (E/C.19/2006/CRP.3) of which the Permanent Forum endorses recommendations 31-37.
- The Permanent Forum reiterates its recommendations emanating from the Workshop on Data Collection and Disaggregation for Indigenous Peoples (see E/C.19/2004/2), in particular recommendations 16-22 and 24.
- Recalling the Workshop on Data Collection and Disaggregation for Indigenous Peoples (see E/C.19/2004/2 for the report of the Workshop), the Permanent Forum welcomes the ongoing collaboration with the United Nations Statistics Division in reviewing national practices in data collection and dissemination in the areas of ethnicity, language and religion. In the light of this work, as well as of the 2010 World Population and Housing Census Programme, the Permanent Forum reiterates its support to the Statistics Division as expressed in the report of the Permanent Forum on its fourth session18 and its recommendations contained in paragraphs 80 and 81 of that report.
- The Permanent Forum reiterates its recommendations to United Nations bodies contained in paragraphs 82 and 83 of its report on its fourth session and urges Member States and United Nations bodies to take the steps described in paragraphs 84-88 therein.
- The Permanent Forum recommends that WHO carry out a desk study on the prevalence of diabetes among indigenous peoples in all regions of the world and report on its findings at the sixth session of the Permanent Forum.
- The Permanent Forum welcomes the work carried out by ECLAC through the Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE)-Population Division on the production and analysis of available census data, incorporating the perspective and participation of indigenous peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean, and recommends that ECLAC:
- Invite the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights to contribute to its work on indicators;
- Increase the number of technical studies that contribute to the development of culturally sensitive indicators in order to monitor Millennium Development Goals as part of a coordinated effort by other parts of the United Nations system;
- Build capacity and provide technical assistance to governmental officers and indigenous organizations in the production, analysis and use of sociodemographic information for public policies, in particular taking into account the 2010 census round;
- Mainstream indigenous peoples’ views in all relevant activities of the institution in the context of economic, social and cultural rights.
- The Permanent Forum, taking note with appreciation of the research contribution of the Arctic Human Development Report19 in elucidating the state of human development of indigenous peoples in the Arctic, welcomes the ongoing work of the Arctic Council, Governments, indigenous peoples and research institutions undertaken to identify relevant indicators on the human development, environment and well-being of indigenous peoples in the Arctic region, as a concrete follow-up to the Report’s recommendations and as a contribution to the global effort towards identification of indicators and data collection relevant to indigenous peoples.
- The Permanent Forum invites Governments, United Nations organizations and their regional offices, universities and research bodies to support the convening of regional workshops and other activities in the Arctic, Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Pacific to identify indicators relevant to indigenous peoples’ poverty and well-being, traditional knowledge and biodiversity, with a view to monitoring progress in the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
- The Permanent Forum strongly encourages States to provide disaggregated data on health and social welfare indicators for indigenous populations in order to better assist in the monitoring and evaluation of outcomes at the national and international levels.
- The Permanent Forum invites the Inter-Agency Support Group on Indigenous Issues for the Permanent Forum, Governments and donors to maximize collaboration, avoid duplication and advance joint efforts to strengthen work on data collection and identification of indicators relevant to indigenous peoples, the Millennium Development Goals and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Fourth Session (2005)
Ongoing priorities and themes: data collection and the disaggregation of data on indigenous peoples
- The Forum recognizes that segregated data provide a key tool for the planning and execution of programmes and projects and the monitoring and evaluation of the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals for indigenous peoples.
- Recalling the international expert Workshop on Data Collection and Disaggregation for Indigenous Peoples (see E/C.19/2004/2, for the report thereon), the Forum welcomes the collaboration with the United Nations Statistics Division in reviewing national practices in data collection and dissemination in the areas of ethnicity, language and religion and looks forward to the Demographic Yearbook special topic which will include data and analysis relevant to indigenous peoples. The Forum is also pleased to note that data on national and/or ethnic groups are being made available online by the Statistics Division at the following website:
In light of this work, as well as the 2010 World Population and Housing Census Programme, the Forum supports the Statistics Division in:
- Continuing its work in reviewing national practices in data collection and dissemination on issues relevant to indigenous peoples;
- Considering the extent to which the revision of the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses can further address national and international data needs by facilitating the collection of data on indigenous peoples;
- Continuing to follow the recommendations of the international expert Workshop on Data Collection and Disaggregation for Indigenous Peoples;
- Strengthening user-producer consultation in data collection and dissemination efforts.
- The Forum recommends that the United Nations Statistics Division mainstream statistical issues pertaining to indigenous peoples in the development of handbooks and guidelines. The Forum also recommends that the Statistics Division continue to coordinate with the regional commissions and consider that part of their work that is relevant to indigenous people and census operations in the revision of the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses.
- The Forum welcomes the contributions of the United Nations Development Programme, the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank to data- collection and disaggregation projects and recommends that these processes develop indicators that are culturally sensitive to indigenous peoples.
- We encourage the Economic and Social Council in respect of the following recommendation: the Council should request that the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean continue and strengthen its efforts regarding the production, elaboration and use of relevant information from population census, household surveys and other adequate sources, in strong interaction with indigenous peoples, aiming at improving the socio-economic conditions and active participation of indigenous peoples in the development process throughout the Latin American region. In addition, the Forum recommends that in all relevant data-collection processes, Member States and United Nations organizations take the steps described in paragraphs 84-88 below.
- Include questions on indigenous identity with full respect for the principle of self-identification. It is important to develop multiple criteria by which to accurately capture identity and socio-economic conditions with the active and meaningful participation of local indigenous peoples.
- Assure and support the full participation of indigenous peoples as equal partners in all stages of data collection, including planning, implementation, analysis and dissemination, access and return, with the appropriate resourcing and capacity-building for achieving this objective. Data collection must respond to the priorities and aims of the indigenous communities themselves.
- Follow the principle of free, prior and informed consent at all levels and take into account both the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics as established by the Statistical Commission and provisions on human rights and fundamental freedoms and data protection regulations and privacy guarantees including respect for confidentiality. For indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation, data- collection exercises should not be used as a pretext for establishing forced contact.
- Promote and support the utilization of local indigenous languages and, where no written language exists, employ local indigenous people (as translators/interpreters as well as advisers) to assist in the collection process.
- Take into account the full diversity and demographic profile of indigenous communities, including gender, children, youth and aged persons, people with disabilities, nomadic, semi-nomadic and migrating peoples, peoples in transition, displaced persons, indigenous peoples in urban areas, and particularly vulnerable groups of indigenous peoples.
- The Forum recommends that States and United Nations organizations involve indigenous peoples’ representatives in designing, implementing and monitoring data collection and disaggregation by ensuring their membership in the mechanism of national commissions on population censuses and related institutional arrangements.
- Taking into account that some States are in the process of moving towards democracy and the fact that they are planning future elections, the Forum recommends that these States organize, in collaboration with United Nations agencies, a census of indigenous populations with a view to establishing a basis for monitoring and ensuring full and effective indigenous participation in these elections and, when possible, for this action to take place on a regional basis.
- The Forum recommends that technical training sessions for indigenous peoples should be promoted and supported and that their employment by data-collection institutions at the national and international levels should be facilitated.
- Indigenous professionals, technicians and indigenous leaders should build their capacity in respect of data-collection processes and non-indigenous professionals and technicians should be informed of the culture and practices of indigenous peoples.
Third Session (2004)
- The Forum encourages all United Nations entities to mainstream indigenous gender issues and to integrate the special needs and concerns of indigenous women into their programmes and policies by taking the following steps:
- Compiling and integrating disaggregated data (both qualitative and quantitative in nature and taking into account local and regional cultural/social/ economic differences) on indigenous women’s issues in their own annual reports. The Forum commends those who have already begun to address this issue of lack of relevant data;
- Integrating indigenous experts on indigenous women’s issues in their programming staff;
- Appointing indigenous focal points on indigenous women’s issues within wider gender portfolios;
- Planning special events centred on the theme “Indigenous women” and integrating that theme in their documentation and outreach activities (web site, reports etc.);
- Increasing outreach to indigenous women’s organizations worldwide;
- Increasing the outreach and information flow to and from the academic community, including indigenous educational institutions, on indigenous women’s issues.
- Given the large number of indigenous migrants within and beyond national borders and the particular vulnerability of indigenous women migrants, as well as the lack of adequate data and attention to their problems, the Forum recommends launching a new initiative involving various stakeholders, including the Inter- Agency Support Group, the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in order to face this urgency. The Forum recommends, as a first step, the convening of a workshop on the theme “Migration of indigenous women” in order to highlight the urgency and scale of the issue, including the alarming trend of trafficking indigenous women within and across national borders, and the development of recommendations and guidelines for addressing the problems faced by indigenous migrant women. Participants to the workshop should be a selected number of members of the Forum, relevant United Nations departments, agencies, funds and programmes, and experts from indigenous organizations, NGOs, intergovernmental organizations, Governments and academia. The objectives of the workshop should be:
- To underscore the urgency and scale of the issue;
- To highlight and address the lack of reliable data on the issue and to promote the systematic collection of data (of both quantitative and qualitative nature) by relevant United Nations and other intergovernmental entities, Governments, NGOs, indigenous organizations, and academia;
- To review and analyse existing data;
- To provide a report, including recommendations, to the Forum.
- Violent conflicts and militarization fundamentally affect the lives of indigenous women and their families and communities, causing violations of their human rights and displacement from their ancestral lands. Yet indigenous women do not see themselves as passive victims but have taken up the roles of mediators and peace builders. Recognizing the profound concerns of the impact of conflict situations on indigenous women, the Forum recommends:
- That IOM and other relevant United Nations entities incorporate the needs and priorities of women and girls as ex-combatants in the design and implementation of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes, and ensure their full access to all resources and benefits provided in reintegration programmes, including income-generation and skill-development programmes;
- That UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the World Food Programme, and other field-based agencies collect data on the situation of indigenous women living in conflict areas. Such data would be valuable for analysis and programme development;
Follow-up to global conferences, workshops and previous themes of the Forum
- Recalling its workshop on data collection and disaggregation concerning indigenous peoples (see E/C.19/2004/2), the Forum takes note with satisfaction of the recommendations and intends to:
- Request the World Bank to undertake a study on poverty and indigenous peoples in connection with disaggregation of data, and to present the results to the Forum at its fifth session;
- Devote in-sessional time to in-depth discussions and exchange of good practices concerning the disaggregation of data.
- The Forum also decides to give ongoing priority to two other cross-cutting issues:
- Data collection and segregation as a follow-up of recommendations by the technical workshop on data collection;
- Human rights. In collaboration with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
IV. Policy recommendations
- As these global processes have serious negative implications for indigenous women at the national and local levels, laws, policies, budgets and programmes must be put in place at the international, regional/national, and local levels as well if they are to effectively address these problems. Some of the issues addressed by the panellists included:
- At the international level:
- Disaggregated data: in order to effectively tackle the cross-cutting issues faced by indigenous women, the problem of lack of disaggregated and relevant data must be addressed by United Nations agencies and programmes;
- At the international level:
Second Session (2003)
- The Forum urges UNICEF, the lead United Nations agency on children, to adopt a policy relating to indigenous children and to designate an agency focal point on indigenous children. The Permanent Forum urges UNICEF to include questions on ethnicity, cultural and tribal affiliation and language in its Demographic and Health and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, in order to obtain disaggregated data on the goals set forth at the World Summit for Children and the health needs of indigenous children.
- The Forum urges WHO, in implementing the outlined global strategy on health of marginalized ethnic populations, to gather data and extend programme services to indigenous peoples based on criteria relating to ethnicity, cultural or tribal affiliation and language.
- The Forum urges WHO to engage in a global consultation with indigenous peoples and others on its participatory research guidelines and seek the advice of the Permanent Forum on the guidelines.
- The Forum urges UNICEF, UNDP, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Global Fund for AIDS to gather and disaggregate data on indigenous infants, children and mothers based on criterion relating to ethnicity, cultural and tribal affiliation and language.
- The Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues takes account of the diversity of national experience with surveys, censuses and other data and information- collection systems as applied to indigenous peoples, and in view of the urgent need for disaggregated data on indigenous peoples within all of the mandated areas for developing and streamlining the policies and guidelines of the work of United Nations agencies, funds and programmes, and also in view of the complexities of producing coherent data, reiterates the recommendation made at its first session to organize a workshop on the subject, and recommends that the Economic and Social Council adopt draft decision 1 contained in chapter I, section A, of the present report.
First Session (2002)
1. Information-gathering from the United Nations system
- To assist with information-gathering, the Forum requests all organizations of the United Nations system to:
- Provide information to the Forum at its second session on their activities relating to indigenous peoples;
- Prepare a report concerning the development of methods and procedures, such as a comprehensive questionnaire and disaggregation of data on indigenous peoples, with the objective of standardizing and coordinating the collection and reporting of information on indigenous issues within the United Nations system and with a view to producing relevant United Nations publications, such as directories;
- Prepare a study reviewing and outlining the policy, programme and technical issues which would need to be considered for the possible establishment of an information network and integrated database on indigenous issues;
- Organize a three-day workshop, comprised of 15 to 20 experts, including some members of the Forum and experts from the programmes, funds, agencies of the United Nations system, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and indigenous peoplesí organizations with expertise relating to data collection concerning indigenous peoples, the indigenous media network and the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples, to consider the findings of the above-mentioned studies and develop recommendations for consideration and action by the Forum at its second session. The workshop would focus on the creation of a centralized repository and database within the United Nations system relating to indigenous peoples. Topics for discussion would include the following:
- Technical training for indigenous peoples in accessing current data systems within the system, including the United Nations libraries in Geneva and New York.
- Creation of a United Nations web site for the Forum.
- The role of mainstream and indigenous media in the dissemination and education of information on indigenous peoples.
- The Forum:
- Invites United Nations system organizations, including field offices, as well as special rapporteurs and States, to begin to disaggregate data on indigenous peoples generally and indigenous women and children specifically in two categories, covering (i) programmes and services impacting indigenous peoples, and (ii) fiscal allocations for indigenous peoplesí programmes and services, and to transmit that data to the Forum on an annual basis;
- Invites United Nations system organizations to forward to the Forum information relating to all publications and data sources, including Internet services relating to indigenous peoples, on an annual basis;
- Invites United Nations system organizations to transmit to the Forum copies of all internal policies and procedures relating to indigenous peoples and to inform the Forum of any procedure or policy which limits their activities to specific regions or States.
- The Forum requests the United Nations system to establish a repository for hard-copy historical data relating to indigenous peoples, including treaties between indigenous peoples and States and United Nations studies on indigenous peoples.
Report on the state of the world’s indigenous peoples
- The Forum requests the United Nations system to produce a United Nations publication which will be a triennial report (once every three years) on the state of the worldís indigenous peoples, containing data on indigenous peoples and discussing issues relating to indigenous peoples in the thematic areas within the Forumís mandate.