Building Just Societies: Reconciliation in Transitional Settings
By incrementally capturing lessons learned and turning insights into recommendations on good practices, the field of peacebuilding will continuously improve. Therefore, PBSO strives to capture lessons learned by bringing practitioners, scholars and civil society together, to identify good practices that can have policy implications within a range of peacebuilding areas.
In 2012, PBSO jointly with the Norwegian Resource Center on Peacebuilding (NOREF) hosted an event on reconciliation to explore such processes in post-conflict societies and to examine the roles and responsibilities of key stakeholders. Another important issue explored by the PBSO is natural resource management and peacebuilding, which is particularly relevant for all countries on the PBC agenda.
SSR and Peacebuilding
This “thematic review” examining SSR and peacebuilding is part of a series of multi-partner studies examining different thematic areas of peacebuilding. All studies focus on sector engagements supported by the PBF. The objective of these studies is to identify good practices in each area and, in particular, to identify the factors that contribute towards making a particular intervention successful and sustainable. All thematic reviews are “cross-country” and seek to draw lessons learned that contribute to a greater understanding about: the effectiveness and peacebuilding relevance of current practices in the fund use to inform better selection of PBF projects in the future; the added value, comparative advantage and best strategic positioning of PBF’s funding arrangements from a more programmatic than project-based view aiming for a more lasting peacebuilding impact; the sector relevance and comparative advantage of UN engagement for the peacebuilding process in particular contexts.
DDR and Peacebuilding
This report reviews the contributions of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) to peacebuilding, with a particular focus on the DDR and DDR-related projects supported by the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF). DDR aims to help build security, reconstruct social fabrics and develop human capacity for ex-combatants and associated members who otherwise pose a significant risk to the stability and security of post-conflict environments. PBF recognizes the value of DDR in building a sustainable, long-term peacebuilding capacity thus places DDR high within its agenda.
Peace Dividends and Beyond: Contributions of Administrative and Social Services to Peacebuilding
The report argues that there is significant evidence to include administrative and social services amongst the menu of choices available to directly support peacebuilding in any given context. Finding the appropriate balance among the many peacebuilding priorities in any setting should ultimately be a country-driven exercise – one that is inclusive of a wide range of stakeholders at different levels, especially historically marginalized groups.
UN Peacebuilding: an Orientation
This paper aims to bring some clarity to the perspective of the peacebuilder, especially the UN peacebuilder. It is not an academic study of peacebuilding, nor does it offer definitive solutions to its problems. Instead, it contains practical guidance on how to deal with the recurring challenges of planning, programming, prioritization and resources. To enhance its practical relevance, the paper contains many examples of real life peacebuilding, its mistakes as well as its successes. These are lessons shared by our UN colleagues who carry out peacebuilding in the field. They illustrate how the principles described in this paper apply in actual peacebuilding situations.
Monitoring Peace Consolidation
The concept of measuring peace consolidation has come to embrace a broad range of peacebuilding contexts and activities. Security Council benchmarks now guide transitions in major peace processes in 10 of 27 countries and regions with field-based peacekeeping operations or political missions. Efforts to measure peace consolidation may also arise in relation to countries that have experienced violent conflict, but are not on the agenda of the Council, and in assessing progress toward objectives that a country has identified together with the Peacebuilding Commission. In parallel, there have been initiatives within the development community to define goals and related progress indicators for peacebuilding and statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected states.
The United Nations Practitioners Guide to Benchmarking represents the first attempt to provide a common resource for practitioners across the UN system engaged in measuring peace consolidation. The handbook, whose development was facilitated by PBSO, identifies principles and methodologies that can be used in establishing benchmarking systems adapted to their specific contexts. PBSO has also supported efforts in this area by organizing with the International Peace Institute and the Norwegian Peacebuilding Centre (NOREF) a workshop on “Benchmarking Peace Consolidation”. Participants discussed trends and challenges in measuring peace consolidation, and examined how lessons learned can be applied to each other. They also discussed how the processes leading to the development of benchmarks, and monitoring and reporting against them, can be improved.
Operationalizing National Ownership in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding
On 14 March 2011, the UN’s Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) hosted a one-day workshop aimed at advancing debate within the UN system on both the meanings and practices of national ownership in the context of post-conflict peacebuilding. The workshop, co-organized by the PBSO, Wilfrid Laurier University and the City University of New York’s Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies Financial support for the workshop was also provided by the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), brought together practitioners from across the UN system, representatives of UN Member States, as well as academics and NGO representatives.
Stocktaking of Global Peacebuilding Expenditures 2002-2013
This research brief outlines the size, direction and source of global peacebuilding expenditures financed by (1) Official Development Assistance (ODA) as well as
(2) domestic expenditures in the past decade.