United Nations-World Bank Partnership in Fragile and Conflict Affected Situations

Over the past decade understanding of the complex and multi-disciplinary nature of crisis and conflict has evolved significantly. Today, there is wide recognition that eliminating poverty, ending needs, and supporting peaceful societies remains one of the most pressing challenges captured in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Conscious of the critical and complementary roles of our respective organizations, the United Nations and the World Bank Group have put in place a robust partnership framework to strengthen coherence, engagement and coordination among security, political, development and humanitarian operations in crisis-affected situations.

In April 2017, UN Secretary-General António Guterres and World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim, signed a dedicated Partnership Framework for Crisis-affected Situations. This framework highlights a joint commitment to prevention and reducing needs, risks, and vulnerability, and responds to global calls for the UN and the World Bank to work more closely together in efforts to leave no one behind. The framework identifies four areas of operational collaboration:

  • identify and reduce critical multi-dimensional risks of crisis, and prevent violent conflict in relevant countries or regions within the mandate of both institutions;
  • coordinate support for situations of protracted crisis, including aligning strategies, objectives and collective outcomes, in particular for populations affected by forced displacement, and based on joint analyses and assessments;
  • develop joint analyses and tools where the complementarity of mandates may enable more effective solutions; and
  • scale up impact, by leveraging existing financing and comparative advantages, and ensuring that operational policies, frameworks, and tools used by both organizations facilitate cooperation and improve efficiency and complementarity.

UN-World Bank Steering Committee for Crisis Affected Situations

Recognizing that the overall partnership between the UN and the World Bank is led by the United Nations Secretary-General and the World Bank President, in 2018 the UN and the World Bank endorsed a joint steering committee of UN Assistant Secretaries-General and WBG Senior Directors to agree on strategic direction, policy, and review country support to advance the partnership. With secretariat support within the Peacebuilding Support Office, this Steering Committee meets with representation from the humanitarian, development and peace communities, and sets annual priorities and coordination in pursuance of collective outcomes.

Humanitarian Development Peacebuilding and Partnership (HDPP) Facility

The Peacebuilding Support Office, on behalf of the system, has opened a new Humanitarian-Development-Peacebuilding and Partnerships Facility to support efforts to work on joint strategic priorities across the Humanitarian-Development -Peacebuilding nexus between the UN and the World Bank. This facility will allocate $100,000 – $400,000 to UN entities supporting joint risk analysis, joint assessments and planning, as well as provide seed funding for joint programming. The facility will advance the annual priorities established by the UN-World Bank Crisis-Affected Situations Steering Committee, with a key focus on demonstrating an ability to leverage funding against shared priorities. Operationalizing Pathways for Peace is one of these priorities.

Guidance for HDPP Applicants

Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessments

The Recovery and Peace Building Assessment (RPBA) is a partnership framework supported by the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union to coordinate reengagement in countries or regions emerging from conflict or political crisis. It aims to ensure that international and local interventions for recovery are aligned by helping countries assess, plan and prioritize requirements over time under a common process. A shared understanding of the context of conflict, crisis and instability is essential for peace to be sustainable.

Joint Guidance and Tools

(Re)Building Core Government Functions in Fragile and Conflict Affected Settings

Provide governments and donor partners with an overview of the main priorities and actions needed to re-establish core government functions in the immediate aftermath of conflict. It draws on the lessons of international experience to provide a selective synthesis of priority measures likely to be applicable in most countries emerging from violent conflict. It focuses on the first three years after the end of major internal violence when external actors have the mandate or authorization to engage, often through a resolution of the United Nations Security Council.

Security Sector Public Expenditure Reviews

Examines political, economic, security, and military motivations for a defense sector Public Expenditure Review (PER), using case studies that varied in scope and in the application of PER methodologies and public financial management (PFM) principles.

Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment

Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessments (RPBA), previously known as Post-Conflict Needs Assessment (PCNA), are processes to support more effective and coordinated reengagement in countries emerging from conflict or political crisis. RPBAs offer countries a standardized and internationally sanctioned approach to identify the underlying causes and impacts of conflict and crisis, and to help governments develop a strategy for how to prioritize recovery and peacebuilding activities over time.

Post-Disaster Needs Assessment

The European Union, the UN Development Group, and the World Bank have collaborated on the development of guides for conducting Post Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNA) and for preparing Disaster Recovery Frameworks (DRF). Both guides are based on good practices and experiences from around the world and are intended to coalesce international and local support behind a single, government-led post disaster recovery process. The PDNA Guidelines and the DRF Guide are complementary tools that are designed to avoid the duplication of efforts, streamline the recovery process and provide an evidence base for resource mobilization.  

Pathways for Peace: Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict

Pathways for Peace is a joint United Nations–World Bank Group study that originates from the conviction that the international community’s attention must urgently be refocused on prevention. Political actors tend to engage only when the risk of violence is high or violence is already present. Instead, viable, sustained action in support of preventing violence is needed throughout policies and programs. Drawing on case studies and 60 background papers the study offers analytical framework and instructive guidance on the role of women.

Forcibly Displaced: Toward a Development Approach Supporting Refugees, the Internally Displaced, and Their Hosts

The report depicts the reality of forced displacement as a developing world crisis with implications for sustainable growth: 95 percent of the displaced live in developing countries and over half are in displacement for more than four years. To help the displaced, the report suggests ways to rebuild their lives with dignity through development support, focusing on their vulnerabilities such as loss of assets and lack of legal rights and opportunities. It also examines how to help host communities that need to manage the sudden arrival of large numbers of displaced people, under pressure to expand services, create jobs and address long-standing development issues. Critical to this response is collective action. As work on a new Global Compact on Responsibility Sharing for Refugees progresses, the report underscores the importance of humanitarian and development communities working together in complementary ways to support countries throughout the crisis―from strengthening resilience and preparedness at the onset to creating lasting solutions.

Employment Programmes for Peace: A joint statement on an analytical framework, emerging principles for action and next steps

Research findings point toward a set of emerging principles for action that programme managers and other practitioners may wish to consider in designing and implementing employment programmes that aim to foster peace and stability in conflict-affected countries. The joint statement establishes an analytical framework for how to design employment programmes that support sustaining peace.

Working with the World Bank Group in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: A Resource note for UN Staff

This resource note aims to help United Nations (UN) staff to better understand the World Bank Group (WBG) and work more effectively with it in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS). It is an introductory overview that draws on existing guidance and policies, and compiles—but does not substitute for—key resources that should be consulted directly in particular cases.   

Working with the UN in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: A Resource note for World Bank staff

This resource note is intended to help World Bank country management units, task team leaders, and other Bank staff better understand their UN partners and options for collaboration. It should be used in conjunction with relevant policies, procedures, and guidance.    

 

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