Committee for Programme and Coordination
Legislative Basis, Mandate & Terms of Reference
The Committee for Programme and Coordination (CPC) was established by Economic and Social Council resolution 920 (XXXIV) (1962)
Economic and Social Council resolution 2008 (LX) (1976) defines the Committee's terms of reference.
Chronology of Key General Assembly and ECOSOC Resolutions
1962: The Committee was established under the name "Special Committee on Coordination" by Economic and Social Council resolution on Special Committee on co-ordination with particular emphasis on the United Nations Development Decade. 920 (XXXIV) (1962)
1966: In its resolution 1171 (XLI) (1966) on Reports of the Special Committee on Coordination and the Joint Meeting of the Special Committee and the Administrative Committee on Co-ordination the Economic and Social Council decided
"to change the name of the Special Committee on Co-ordination to 'Committee for Programme and Co-ordination' to reflect better its dual responsibilities."
1976: The Economic and Social Council reviewed the terms of reference of the Committee for Programme and Coordination and approved the consolidated terms of reference as contained in the annex to resolution 2008 (LX) (1976).
Paragraph 6 of the annex to 2008 (LX) (1976) also stated that the reports of the Joint Inspection Unit concerning the economic, social and human rights programmes of the United Nations system, including the reports dealing with the United Nations Development Programme, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research, should be examined by the Committee.
In its resolution 31/93 on the Medium Term Plan, the General Assembly approved the consolidated terms of reference as set out in 2008 (LX) (1976) and instructed the Committee for Programme and Coordination to:
- Review in depth, on a selective basis, the major programmes of the plan and to recommend any necessary amendments to the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly
- To determine which programmes, sub-programmes or programme elements are obsolete, or marginal usefulness or ineffective and to recommend, as appropriate, their curtailment or termination
- To assess the degree of substantive co-ordination of selected programme within the United Nations system and to recommend the appropriate action thereon
1987: By its decision 42/450, the General Assembly decided that the Committee for Programme and Co-ordination should, from 1988 onward, be composed of thirty-four States Members of the United Nations, elected for three-year terms on the basis of equitable geographical distribution, as follows:
- 9 seats for African States;
- 7 seats for Asia-Pacific States;
- 7 seats for Latin American and Caribbean States;
- 7 seats for Western European and other States,
- 4 seats for Eastern European States.
1996: In its resolution 50/227, the General Assembly decided that the agreed conclusions of the Council concerning the selection of cross-cutting themes common to major international conferences and/or the contribution to an overall review of the implimentation of the programme of action of a United Nations conference should be implemented. It was also agreed that the organizational session of the council, consideration should be given to choosing a second theme dealing with concrete sectoral issues. The General Assembly also decided that the Council should develop a focused dialogue on the chosen theme or themes with the funds and programmes, the regional commissions and the relevant specialized agencies, including the Bretton Woods institutions, as well as the World Trade Organization, as appropriate.
In the same resolution, the General Assembly decided that the functions of the joint meetings of the Administrative Committee on Coordination* and the Committee on Programme and Coordination, which were discontinued, should be assigned to this segment. The implementation of the agreed conclusions of this segment should be followed up in the general segment of the following year.
*The Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC) was replaced by the Chief Executives Board (CEB) as a result of ECOSOC Decision 2001/321.
2003: In its resolution 58/269 on strengthening the United Nations: an agenda for further change , the General Assembly requested the Secretary General to prepare, on a trial basis, a two year strategic framework to replace the four year medium-term plan and decided to take a final decision at its sixty-second session, on the format, content and duration of the strategic framework.
Specifically, the Committee reviewed:
- The strategic framework in the off-budget years
- The programme budget in budget years
In the same resolution, the General Assembly also decided that the Committee for Programme and Coordination shall no longer consider the budget outline.
2004: General Assembly resolution 59/267 on the Joint Inspection Unit (JIU) invited the Committee for Programme and Coordination, in performing its programmatic, coordination, monitoring and evaluation functions to consider relevant reports of the JIU.
2006: In its resolution 61/235 on Programme Planning the General Assembly recognized the role of the Committee for Programme and Coordination in monitoring and evaluation, and encouraged the Committee, in reviewing performance and evaluation reports, to provide, inter alia, action-oriented recommendations aimed at enhancing the effectiveness and impact of the activities of the United Nations.
2007: Further to resolution 58/269, the General Assembly at its sixty-second session, in its resolution 62/224, endorsed the recommendation of the Committee for Programme and Coordination to maintain the strategic framework as the principal policy directive of the United Nations, which serves as the basis for programme planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation, with effect from the biennium 2010-2011.
2017: In its resolution 72/266A of 24 December 2017 on shifting the management paradigm in the United Nations, the Assembly, inter alia, approved the proposed change from a biennial to an annual budget period on a trial basis and decided that the proposed programme budget shall consist of:
- Part I: the plan outline, which endorses the long-term priorities and the objectives of the Organization;
- Part II: the programme plan for programmes and subprogrammes and programme performance information;
- Part III: the post and non-post resource requirements for the programmes and subprogrammes.
The General Assembly also decided that parts I and II would be submitted through the Committee for Programme and Coordination and part III through the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions for the consideration of the General Assembly. Furthermore, the Assembly reiterated that the Committees should examine the proposed programme budget in accordance with their respective mandates and that the sequential nature of the review process of the proposed programme budget would be preserved. The changes decided upon in resolution 72/266A would be reviewed by the General Assembly at its seventy-seventh session, with a view to taking a final decision on the implementation of the annual budget.
General Assembly Decision: