The Global Economic Monitoring Unit (GEMU) monitors global macroeconomic trends and emerging policy challenges, and produces economic forecasts for a large number of economies worldwide.
The Unit leads the production and dissemination of the World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) – a flagship publication on the state of the world economy. GEMU also produces regular briefings and policy papers that analyse relevant and contemporary macroeconomic policy issues and challenges worldwide.
The Development Strategy and Policy Analysis Unit (DSP) undertakes analysis and policy research on long-term issues relevant to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development. The purpose of its policy research is to inform the debates taking place in the context of the UN Development Agenda and to provide advice to policy makers and development practitioners.
The Unit coordinates the annual production of the UN/DESA flagship report World Economic and Social Survey and prepares information summaries in the form of discussion papers, policy briefs and opinion pieces. DSP also hosts policy seminars to facilitate discussion and dissemination of innovative ideas and knowledge on development.
The Committee for Development Policy (CDP), a subsidiary body of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, provides independent advice on issues critical to the international development agenda. The Committee is responsible for reviewing which countries are members of the least developed country (LDC) category and which are due to graduate. It also monitors the progress of LDCs after graduation.
The 24 members of the Committee are nominated by the United Nations Secretary-General in their personal capacity, and are appointed by ECOSOC for a period of three years. Membership is geared to reflect a wide range of development experience as well as geographical and gender balance.
Least developed countries are low-income nations facing severe obstacles to sustainable development. They are particularly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks and have low levels of human assets.
There are currently 48 countries on the list of LDCs which is reviewed every three years by the Committee for Development (CDP). LDCs have exclusive access to certain international support measures in particular in the areas of development assistance and trade.
The Development Policy and Analysis Division leads UN/DESA’s capacity-development and policy-advisory activities on economy-wide issues and on methodologies to integrate the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Activities focus on training and advising policy makers in developing countries to enhance their analytical capacities in designing coherent and integrated macroeconomic, social and environmental policies; and enabling LDCs to make the most adequate use of benefits derived from their LDC status. The use of analytical and modelling tools, tailored to country needs, facilitate the implementation of capacity development activities.