HAI Indicators

Methodology

Data Sources

Rationale & Definition

Under-five mortality rate

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  1. Provides information on the health impacts of social, economic and environmental conditions in a country
  2. Defined as the probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births
  1. Country-specific estimates are derived from a variety of different sources, including vital registration systems, sample surveys and censuses
  1. Reported annually by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation in its database
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Adult literacy rate

Gross secondary school enrollment ratio

Prevalence of stunting

Maternal mortality ratio

Under-five mortality rate

Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment

Methodology

Data Sources

Rationale & Definition

Prevalence of stunting

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  1. Stunting is a manifestation of chronic malnutrition. Stunting in children limits their physical and cognitive abilities and impedes their potential to lead productive lives. The devastating effects of stunting can last a lifetime and even affect the next generation.
  2. Defined as the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months
  1. Country specific estimates are derived from a variety of sources, including nutritional surveys, published articles in the scientific press, government health statistics, and survey reports from international and non- governmental organizations
  1. Reported regularly by the UNICEF, WHO, World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Working Group (JME) in its Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition
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Adult literacy rate

Gross secondary school enrollment ratio

Prevalence of stunting

Maternal mortality ratio

Under-five mortality rate

Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment

Methodology

Data Sources

Rationale & Definition

Gross secondary school enrolment ratio

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  1. Provides information on the share of population with a level of skills deemed to be necessary for significant developmental progress
  2. Measures the number of pupils enrolled in secondary schools, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population in the country-specific official age group for secondary education
  1. Calculated by dividing the number of pupils in secondary education (according to national standards) by the number of persons in the theoretical age group for secondary education
  1. Regularly reported by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) in its UIS Data Centre database
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Adult literacy rate

Gross secondary school enrollment ratio

Prevalence of stunting

Maternal mortality ratio

Under-five mortality rate

Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment

Methodology

Data Sources

Rationale & Definition

Adult literacy rate

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  1. Provides information on the size of the base available for enlarging the trained and skilled human resources needed for development
  2. Measures the number of literate persons aged fifteen and above, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group
  1. According to UNESCO, a person is considered literate if "he/she can read and write, with understanding, a simple statement related to his/her daily life"
  1. Regularly reported by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) in its UIS Data Centre database
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Adult literacy rate

Gross secondary school enrollment ratio

Prevalence of stunting

Maternal mortality ratio

Under-five mortality rate

Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment

Methodology

Data Sources

Rationale & Definition

Maternal mortality ratio

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  1. Captures broader development handicaps such as poorly developed health systems and gender inequality
  2. Defined as the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births during a given time period
  1. Country-specific estimates are derived from a variety of sources, including civil registration and vital statistics systems, censuses, household surveys, and specialized studies
  1. Reported regularly by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) and available on the WHO website
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Adult literacy rate

Gross secondary school enrollment ratio

Prevalence of stunting

Maternal mortality ratio

Under-five mortality rate

Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment

Methodology

Data Sources

Rationale & Definition

Gender parity index for gross
secondary school enrolment

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  1. Addresses gender inequities in education that have long‐term negative impacts on sustainable development, in particular discrimination against girls
  2. Measured as the ratio of girls to boys enrolled in secondary education
  1. Calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education, collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey
  1. Reported regularly by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) in its UIS Data Centre database
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Adult literacy rate

Gross secondary school enrollment ratio

Prevalence of stunting

Maternal mortality ratio

Under-five mortality rate

Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment

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