Armed conflicts and natural disasters have taken a staggering toll in human suffering. Addressing the scale and complexity of these challenges, and making good on the global promise to leave no one behind, depends on addressing the root causes of current and emerging crises, preventing their re-occurrence, and strengthening the resilience of those most vulnerable.


Centred on people and the most pressing concerns they face, human security encourages better alignment of international responses to local needs, vulnerabilities and capacities, and aims to ensure that actions taken by the UN system and others address the underlying drivers of conflicts, restore trust and confidence, reduce inequalities, and strengthen State-society relations. Such an approach advances an inclusive peacebuilding architecture that reinforces people’s confidence in the political process and the institutions that together minimize the space in which societies may relapse into conflict.


Threats to people’s survival, livelihood and dignity are seldom singular in nature. Rather, a mix of factors come together to generate situations that are often complex and multidimensional, requiring those responsible for relief, rehabilitation and development to come together and avoid loosely coordinated but essentially compartmentalized solutions. Premised on the recognition that long-term sustainable results are more likely to be generated by activities that go beyond crisis response, a focus on human security highlights the structural, institutional and behavioural changes that are needed to move the world from delivering aid to ending need.


A significant portion of UN Trust Fund for Human Security (UNTFHS) funding has supported programmes in countries emerging from conflict and natural disasters, or experiencing fragility. These programmes have taken a multi-sectoral approach with a view towards advancing sustainable solutions. They have focused on restoring people’s confidence in collective action, strengthening citizen security, improving the delivery of and access to basic social services, reinstating livelihoods and promoting community reconciliation. Programmes have consistently shown that long-term prevention and resilience is more likely to be generated by activities that go beyond responding to an immediate crisis.

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Republic of Congo: Joint UN programme for the consolidation of peace, prevention of conflicts and enhancement of human security in the Republic of Congo

A young woman in a blue dress stands in a coffee plantation with her infant child who is dressed in a grey shirt. There is a large tree behind them.
The programme sought to contribute to the consolidation of peace and social stability, provide sustainable livelihoods to vulnerable populations, and enhance the overall level of human security in the Pool region of the Republic of Congo.

To consolidate peace and prevent future relapse into conflict, a coherent approach that addressed immediate needs, while restoring basic services and rebuilding trust and cohesion among fractured communities was urgently needed in the Pool region. To this end, the UNTFHS programme brought together a range of stakeholders to ensure a more comprehensive and coordinated response to stabilization and recovery. The programme combined efforts to enhance income-generation, reintegrate ex-combatants, improve access to basic services including healthcare, re-establish education facilities, and promote a culture of peace and reconciliation, helping to pave the way towards a peaceful and resilient society.