Letter dated 25 February 2008 from the Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council
I have the honour to transmit to you the assessment of the work of the Security Council during the presidency of Indonesia for the month of November 2007 (see annex). This assessment has been prepared under my responsibility, after consultation with the other members of the Security Council.
I should be grateful if the present letter and its annex could be circulated as a document of the Security Council.
(Signed) R. M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Annex to the letter dated 25 February 2008 from the Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council
Assessment of the work of the Security Council during the presidency of Indonesia (November 2007)
Under the presidency of Indonesia in November 2007, the Security Council held 26 meetings, including 12 consultations of the whole, two private debates, three open debates, two debates, two briefings, and one private meeting. The Council adopted two resolutions and two presidential statements, and agreed on four statements to the press.
On 2 November, the Security Council adopted its programme of work for the month in its first consultation under Indonesia’s presidency, and, following the adoption of the programme, the President of the Council briefed the press on its contents.
The Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, N. Hassan Wirajuda, presided over an open debate on the role of regional and subregional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security on 6 November.
Asia and the Middle East
The situation in the Middle East
On 30 November, the Council heard a briefing from the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, B. Lynn Pascoe, on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. The Under-Secretary-General informed the Council members about the conference in Annapolis, at which the Prime Minister of Israel, Ehud Olmert, and the Palestinian President, Mahmoud Abbas, had reached a joint understanding. The joint understanding includes an agreement to launch immediate good-faith bilateral negotiations to conclude a peace treaty, resolving all outstanding issues without exception before the end of 2008; an agreement on a joint steering committee that would meet continuously; and a commitment to immediately implement their respective obligations under the road map.
The Under-Secretary-General said that the Annapolis conference had also included extensive discussion of international support for building the institutional capacity of the Palestinian Authority, setting the stage for the upcoming Conference in Paris. In preparation for Paris, he said, the Palestinian Prime Minister, Salam Fayyad, had circulated a summary of the Palestinian reform and development plan for 2008-2010, which demonstrated fiscal responsibility and political commitment to reform. It also laid out what Israel and the international community should do to assist the Palestinian Authority.
The Under-Secretary-General also said that the Secretary-General looked forward to Robert Serry of the Netherlands becoming the new Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and his Personal Representative to the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Palestinian Authority.
Turning to developments in Lebanon, he said there had been six postponements of a parliamentary session to elect the country’s new President in the past two months, despite extensive diplomatic efforts, continued mediation and a visit by the Secretary-General.
With regard to the reconstruction of the Nahr el-Bared Palestinian refugee camp, estimated to cost $200 million, he said the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East had received only $28 million of its flash appeal for $54 million to meet immediate and longer-term needs.
International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
On 29 November, the Permanent Representative of Indonesia, on behalf of the Council members, made a statement at the special meeting held at United Nations Headquarters to observe the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. In his statement, he said, among other things, that the Day of International Solidarity with the Palestinian People provided an opportunity for the international community to reflect upon its role and contributions in advancing the objective of the two States vision. It was the day when the international community reaffirmed its commitment to the Palestinian people and the establishment of an independent and sovereign State of Palestine.
In addition, he said, the Council recognized the crucial need to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which would contribute to the security and stability of the Middle East, and to put in place a process with the goal of creating an independent, democratic and viable Palestinian State as envisioned in the road map and the Arab Peace Initiative, and the joint understanding announced at Annapolis.
In that regard, he added, the Council underlined the importance of the donor conference to be held in Paris on 17th December to mobilize the donors, following on from the Annapolis conference, and to provide financial and political support for the Palestinian Authority to enable it to build a viable and prosperous Palestinian State.
He concluded that, as mandated by the Charter, it is the responsibility of the Council to assist Palestine to achieve sustainable peace and to maintain peace and security in the region. The Council will, therefore, continue to be actively seized of the matter.