The Question of Palestine and the Security Council

A Conference Officer at work in the Security Council Chamber, ahead of a Council meeting. UN Photo/Kim Haughton

A Conference Officer at work in the Security Council Chamber, ahead of a Council meeting. UN Photo/Kim Haughton

Under the United Nations Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Since 1948, the Council has addressed the situation in the Middle East and the Palestinian question on many occasions. When fighting broke out, the Council has called for, or ordered cease-fires. It also dispatched military observers, and deployed UN peace-keeping forces in the region. The Council has set the basic principles for a negotiated peaceful settlement (known as the “land for peace” formula) by its resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973). The Council has, on numerous occasions, expressed concern about the situation on the ground, declared null and void the measures taken by the Israeli Government to change the status of Jerusalem, called for the cessation of Israeli settlement activity, which it determined to have no legal validity, reaffirmed the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention and called for the return of Palestinian deportees. The Council has repeatedly called for the immediate resumption of the negotiations within the current Middle East peace process with the aim of achieving an early final settlement between the Israeli and Palestinian sides. The Council affirmed the vision of two States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side within secure and recognised borders, by its resolution 1397 (2002), and endorsed the Quartet’s (UN, Russia, US and EU) Road Map by its resolution 1515 (2003). The Council receives monthly briefings and holds periodic open debates on the issue. In 2011 President Mahmoud Abbas submitted the application of Palestine for UN membership, currently before the Council. By resolution 2334 (2016)  the Council demanded that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities.

Security Council Web Site

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SC’s Resolutions on Question of Palestine

Date Title Document Type symbol Source subject
June 1, 2018 Draft Security Council Resolution on Protecting Civilians in Gaza (S/2018/516, Vetoed) Arabic text, Chinese text, Draft resolution, French text, German text, Resolution, Russian text, Security Council Resolution, Spanish text, Vetoed draft resolution S/2018/516 Security Council
March 28, 2018 Compilation of Resolutions and Decisions Adopted in 2017 (English and French) – DPR publication – A/AC.183/L.2/Add.39 Compilation, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Security Council Resolution, Voting record Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People (CEIRPP), Division for Palestinian Rights (DPR), Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), General Assembly, Human Rights Council, Security Council
December 18, 2017 Draft Security Council Resolution (Vetoed): Jerusalem Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, Resolution, Russian text, Security Council Resolution, Spanish text S/2017/1060 Security Council
December 23, 2016 Illegality of Israeli Settlements in Palestinian Territory Occupied Since 1967 – Security Council Resolution 2334 Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, Resolution, Russian text, Security Council Resolution, Spanish text S/RES/2334 (2016) Security Council
December 30, 2014 Draft Security Council Resolution Calling for End to Israeli Occupation Since 1967 – SecCo draft resolution Resolution S/2014/916 Security Council
November 11, 2009 Protection of Civilians Resolution S/RES/1894 (2009) Security Council
March 24, 2009 Palestine question/Mideast situation – Compilation of GA and SecCo resolutions and decisions adopted in 2008 (English and French) Resolution General Assembly, Security Council
January 8, 2009 Gaza Ceasefire, Humanitarian Aid Resolution S/RES/1860 (2009) Security Council
December 16, 2008 Annapolis Process – Resolution 1850 (2008) Resolution S/RES/1850(2008) Security Council
December 16, 2008 Middle East situation/Palestine question – SecCo ministerial meeting, adoption of resolution 1850 (2008) — SC/9539 Press Release, Resolution Security Council

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