The Question of Palestine and the General Assembly

Empty GA Hall

A general view of the General Assembly Hall. UN Photo/Sophia Paris

The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations, composed of representatives of all Member States.  The question of Palestine was first brought before the General Assembly in 1947. By resolution 181 (II), the Assembly decided to partition Palestine into two states, one Arab and one Jewish, with Jerusalem placed under a special international regime. After the 1948 war, the Assembly by resolution 194 (III) of 1949 established the Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP) to help the parties reach a final settlement, while reaffirming the rights of Palestine refugees to return and restitution. UNRWA, a Palestine refugee agency, was established by the Assembly the same year.

In 1974, the question of Palestine was re-introduced in the Assembly’s agenda. Resolution 3236 (XXIX) reaffirmed the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty, and the right of the Palestinians to return to their homes and property. In 1975, the Assembly established the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. The question of Palestine and related issues have been the subject of numerous resolutions and decisions adopted by the Assembly’s regular, special and emergency sessions.

On 29 November 2012 the Assembly granted Palestine non-member observer State status in the UN. The relevant issues on the agenda of the Assembly and its subsidiary organs, such as the Human Rights Council include the right of Palestinians to self-determination, their sovereignty over natural resources, assistance, refugees, IDPs, UNRWA, human rights, Israeli settlements, peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine, and Jerusalem, among others.

For GA Resolutions voting records, please click here to search

GA’s Resolutions on Question of Palestine

Date Title Subject Symbol
21-Dec-2020 Permanent Sovereignty of the Palestinian People in the oPt and Golan Over their Natural Resources – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/236) Golan Heights, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, Natural resources, Occupation A/RES/75/236
Sources:

General Assembly, Second Committee (Economic and Financial)

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

16-Dec-2020 The Right of the Palestinian People to Self-determination – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/172) Self-determination, Statehood-related A/RES/75/172
Sources:

General Assembly, Third Committee (Social Humanitarian and Cultural)

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

11-Dec-2020 Assistance to the Palestinian People – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/126) Assistance, Assistance to the Palestinian people, Closures/Curfews/Blockades, Covenant: Economic Social and Cultural Rights, Economic issues, Gaza Strip, Human rights and international humanitarian law A/RES/75/126
Sources:

General Assembly

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 Operations of the United Nations Relief Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/94) Assistance, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Refugee camps, Refugees and displaced persons A/RES/75/94
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 Assistance to Palestine Refugees – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/93) Assistance, Gaza Strip, Palestine question, Protection, Refugees and displaced persons A/RES/75/93
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/96) Human rights and international humanitarian law, Occupation A/RES/75/96
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 Israeli Settlements in the oPt, including East Jerusalem, and the Occupied Syrian Golan – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/97) Fourth Geneva Convention, Golan Heights, Land, Occupation, Palestine question, Protection, Settlements A/RES/75/97
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 The Occupied Syrian Golan – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/99) Fourth Geneva Convention, Golan Heights, Human rights and international humanitarian law A/RES/75/99
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 Palestine Refugees’ Properties and their Revenues – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/95) Absentee property, Land, Refugees and displaced persons, Right of return A/RES/75/95
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

10-Dec-2020 Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People in the oPt, including East Jerusalem – GA Resolution (A/RES/75/98) Assistance, Fourth Geneva Convention, Gaza Strip, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Jerusalem, Occupation, Peace process, Prisoners and detainees, Protection, Wall, Women A/RES/75/98
Sources:

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices

Type

General Assembly resolution, Resolution

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