The Question of Palestine and the General Assembly

Empty GA Hall

A general view of the General Assembly Hall. UN Photo/Sophia Paris

The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations, composed of representatives of all Member States.  The question of Palestine was first brought before the General Assembly in 1947. By resolution 181 (II), the Assembly decided to partition Palestine into two states, one Arab and one Jewish, with Jerusalem placed under a special international regime. After the 1948 war, the Assembly by resolution 194 (III) of 1949 established the Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP) to help the parties reach a final settlement, while reaffirming the rights of Palestine refugees to return and restitution. UNRWA, a Palestine refugee agency, was established by the Assembly the same year.

In 1974, the question of Palestine was re-introduced in the Assembly’s agenda. Resolution 3236 (XXIX) reaffirmed the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty, and the right of the Palestinians to return to their homes and property. In 1975, the Assembly established the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. The question of Palestine and related issues have been the subject of numerous resolutions and decisions adopted by the Assembly’s regular, special and emergency sessions.

On 29 November 2012 the Assembly granted Palestine non-member observer State status in the UN. The relevant issues on the agenda of the Assembly and its subsidiary organs, such as the Human Rights Council include the right of Palestinians to self-determination, their sovereignty over natural resources, assistance, refugees, IDPs, UNRWA, human rights, Israeli settlements, peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine, and Jerusalem, among others.

For GA Resolutions voting records, please click here to search

GA’s Resolutions on Question of Palestine

Date Title Document Type symbol Source subject
03-Apr-2020 Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan – HRC 43rd Session – Draft Resolution (A/HRC/43/L.28) Arabic text, Chinese text, Draft resolution, French text, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/HRC/43/L.36 General Assembly, Human Rights Council
06-Feb-2020 OIC Transmits Text of Resolution Adopted on US Peace Plan to General Assembly and Security Council – Letter Annex, Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, Letter, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/74/685 General Assembly, Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Secretary-General
03-Jan-2020 Iraq Transmits Text of LAS Resolution on US Decision on Israeli Settlements to the Secretary-General (A/74/580) Annex, Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, Letter, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/74/50 General Assembly, League of Arab States (LAS), Secretary-General
19-Dec-2019 Permanent Sovereignty of the Palestinian People in the oPt and Golan Over their Natural Resources – GA Draft Resolution (A/74/243) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/243 General Assembly, Second Committee (Economic and Financial)
18-Dec-2019 The Right of the Palestinian People to Self-determination – GA Resolution (A/74/139) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/139 General Assembly, Third Committee (Social Humanitarian and Cultural)
16-Dec-2019 Assistance to the Palestinian People – GA Resolution (A/RES/74/117) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/117 General Assembly
13-Dec-2019 Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories – GA Resolution (A/RES/74/87) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/87 Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices, Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee)
13-Dec-2019 The Occupied Syrian Golan – GA Resolution (A/RES/74/90) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/90 Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices, Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee)
13-Dec-2019 Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East – GA Resolution (A/RES/74/85) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/85 Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
13-Dec-2019 Assistance to Palestine Refugees – GA Resolution (A/RES/74/83) Arabic text, Chinese text, French text, General Assembly resolution, Resolution, Russian text, Spanish text A/RES/74/83 Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), General Assembly, Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
More documents