FROM FILING TO JUDGMENT
I. PLEADINGS PHASE
III. POST JUDGMENT PHASE
1. CASE NUMBERS
Upon receipt of the first filing, whether it be a motion, appeal, or other kind of application, the filing is opened as a case and assigned a case number by the Registry. All subsequent filings by the parties, and orders and the Judgment by UNAT are filed on the case record under this case number.
Once the filings by the parties in a case have been completed (the pleadings phase has concluded), the case is placed on the docket of cases ready for adjudication by UNAT.
3. ASSIGNMENT OF JUDGES (UNAT PANELS)
The President assigns cases to be adjudicated by a panel of three judges. In some circumstances the President will assign all of the Judges (a full bench) to a case.
4. HOLDING OF SESSIONS
UNAT usually holds three sessions a year, in the spring, summer, and winter. The sessions are held in New York, Nairobi, or Geneva (at times at other locations).
5. LETTERS TO PARTIES
As soon as the date of opening of a session at which a case listed for hearing has been fixed, the Registrar notifies the parties thereof. The Registrar also notifies the parties of the composition of the panel of judges to whom a case has been assigned.
6. ORAL HEARINGS
Decisions on requests for oral hearings are usually communicated to the parties before the commencement of a session. The UNAT panel of judges adjudicating a case may hold oral hearings on the written application of a party or on their own initiative, if such hearings would assist in the expeditious and fair disposal of the case. The oral proceedings are held in public unless the judges hearing the case decide, on their own initiative or at the request of one of the parties, that exceptional circumstances require that the oral proceedings be closed. The oral hearing may be held by electronic means. Please see Courtroom Etiquette before participating or attending a UNAT proceeding.
During the scheduled session, the UNAT panel seized of a case engages in closed door private deliberations to reach a decision on the case and draft the Judgment.
8. PUBLIC PRONOUNCEMENT OF CASE OUTCOME
At the end of each session, the judges orally pronounce the outcome of the cases considered during that session, accompanied by simultaneous interpretation in various UN languages. The public pronouncement is open to public attendance and is streamed live on the UN Web TV website.
9. POSTING OF OUTCOME ON WEBSITE
Following the oral pronouncement, the outcome of cases is temporarily published on UNAT’s website (for information purposes only) until the judgments are issued.
10. ISSUANCE OF JUDGMENT
Approximately six to eight weeks after the public pronouncement, the written Judgment is issued and officially entered into the Register by the Registrar. Upon issuance, a copy is transmitted by the Registrar to the parties and the Judgment is published on this website.
POSSIBLE JUDGMENT OUTCOMES
Pursuant to Article 9 of the UNAT Statute, UNAT may order all or any of the following:
- Rescission of the contested administrative decision;
- Specific performance;
- Monetary compensation;
- Remand of a case to the first instance body whose judgment, order or decision is being appealed, or directly to the Administration or technical bodies.