SPECIAL UNIT ON

PALESTINIAN RIGHTS

Vol. IV/3

Bulletin No. 3

March 1981

Contents

1. Action taken by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People in March 1981
2. Statement made by the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to the XXVI Congress held in Moscow on 23 February
3. Consideration of the question of Palestine at the Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Non-Aligned Countries held at New Delhi from 9 to 13 February 1981
4. Resolutions regarding Palestine adopted at the Third Islamic Conference Summit held at Taif, Saudi Arabia from 25 to 28 January 1981

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Bulletin No. 1-2 for January-February 1981 was incorrectly published as No. 1


1.  Action taken by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People in March 1981

The Committee held a meeting on 11 March, presided over by the Acting Chairman from 1980. It was decided to postpone the election of the Bureau in order to allow consultations to be concluded. The Committee agreed to re-establish is working group to consist of the same members as last year till such time as the Bureau was elected.

At another meeting held on 25 March the Committee considered its programme of work for 1931 and adopted the report of the working group.

The Acting Chairman of the Committee addressed a letter to the Secretary-General expressing the Committee's great concern at Israel's continued confiscation of Arab land in occupied Palestinian territory. The text of this letter is reproduced below.

Letter dated 27 February 1981 from the Acting Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People addressed to the Secretary-General (A/36/11 S/14389)

In my capacity as Acting Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and on its behalf, I feel bound to convey to you our serious concern over Israel's continued confiscation of Arab land in occupied Palestinian territory.

According to Haaretz of 9 February 1981, about 15,000 dunams (4 dunams equal 1 acre) have just been declared "State land" and designated for settlement (in the region of Nablus) by the military government. Last week, the village mukhtars in the area of Tubas and Kheres were sent notification to this effect.

Al-Fajr reported on 6 January 1981 that the Military Governor of Ramallah notified the chairman of the local council of Silwad on 5 January 1981 that the Israeli authorities had decided to expropriate 200 dunams of land owned by inhabitants from Silwad and 'Ain Yabrud. The said lands would be given to the Jewish settlement of 'Ufrah.

Al-Fajr also reported on 20 January 1981 that the Israeli radio announced on 19 January 1981 that the military authorities at Al-Khalil (Hebron) confiscated Palestinian Arab lands which are known as Wa'r Al-Shayib (Tallat al-Ja'abirah) in order to expand the Jewish town of Kiryat Arba.

It further reported on 26 January 1981 that the settlers of Giv'on had seized 150 dunams owned by inhabitants of the Palestinian Arab villages of Al-Jib and Al-Nabi Samuel.

Finally, Al-Fajr further reported on 31 January 1931 that the military authorities had declared 7,000 dunams of land as "State land". These lands are owned by the inhabitants of the village of Tarqunya, located to the west of Al-Khalil (Hebron).

These actions, which follow other similar decisions taken in the past by the Government of Israel, are further steps towards strengthening its annexation of the occupied Palestinian territories in flagrant violation of international law, world public opinion and General Assembly and Security Council resolutions.

The Security Council had adopted resolutions in this matter, particularly resolutions 446 (1979) of 22 March 1979 and 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980, which determined that all measures taken by Israel to change the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure or status of the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, or any part thereof, had no legal validity and that Israel's policy and practices of settling parts cf its population and new immigrants in those territories constituted a flagrant violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War and also constituted a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East. It also called upon the Government and people of Israel to rescind those measures, to dismantle the existing settlements and in particular to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem.

The Committee feels that further urgent action needs to be taken by the United Nations, and in particular by the Security Council, to call the attention of Israel to the danger inherent in such policies of annexation and the necessity for its immediate and complete withdrawal from the illegally occupied territories.

I request that this letter be circulated as a document of the General Assembly, under item 31 of the preliminary list, and of the Security Council.

2. Statement made by the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to the XXVI Congress held in Moscow on 23 February 1981*

The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev, made a statement at the XXVI Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on 23 February 1981 in which he said the following in connexion with the Middle East question:

"Now about the Middle East problem. In its bid for dominance in the Middle East, the United States has taken the path of the Camp David policy, dividing the Arab world and organising a separate deal between Israel and Egypt. US diplomacy has failed to turn this separate anti-Arab deal into a broader agreement of a capitulationist type. But it has succeeded in another way: a new deterioration of the situation has occurred in the region. A Middle East settlement was cast back.

"What now? As we see it, it is high time to get matters off the ground. It is time to go back to honest collective search of an all-embracing just and realistic settlement. In the circumstances, this could be done, say, in the framework of a specially convened international conference.

"The Soviet Union is prepared to participate in such work in a constructive spirit and with good will. We are prepared to do so jointly with the other interested parties – the Arabs (naturally including the Palestine Liberation Organization) and Israel. We are prepared for such search Jointly with the United States – and I may remind you that we had some experience in this regard some years ago. We are prepared to cooperate with the European countries and with all those who are showing a sincere striving to secure a just; and durable peace in the Middle East.

"The UN, too, could evidently continue to play a useful role in all this.

"As for the substance of the matter, we are still convinced that if there is to be real peace in the Middle East, the Israeli occupation of all Arab territories captured in 1967 must be ended. The inalienable rights of the Arab people of Palestine must be secured, up to and including the establishment of their own state. It is essential to ensure the security and sovereignty of all the states of the region, including those of Israel. Those are the basic principles. As for the details, they could naturally be considered at the negotiations."

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*Included at the request of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

3.  Consideration of the question of Palestine at the Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Non-Aligned Countries, held at New Delhi, from 9 to 13 February 1981 (document A/36/116)*

The Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People was represented by its Chairman, Ambassador Massamba Sarre, at the Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Non-Aligned Countries, held at New Delhi from 9 to 13 February 1981.

The New Delhi declaration contains the following excerpts relating to the Palestine question:

"The Ministers recalled the Declaration of the Sixth Summit Conference held in Havana, which reaffirmed that the Zionist occupation and usurpation of Palestine and the rights of its people are the core of the Middle East conflict and consequently render any solution to that conflict impossible without the exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable national rights, including the right to return, to attain self-determination and to establish an independent Palestinian State in Palestine, and without the complete and unconditional Israeli withdrawal from all occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Jerusalem.

"The Ministers considered it imperative to reaffirm that the settlement of the Middle East problem and the question of Palestine can be achieved only by applying simultaneously and without, exception the following principles and considerations to which they also affirmed their commitment:

(a) The question of Palestine is the core of the Middle East conflict and is at the root of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
(b) The cause of Palestine and the Middle East question form an indivisible whole both in dealing with the problem and in solving it. Consequently, its solution cannot be fragmented or confined to certain parties to the conflict or to certain of its causes to the exclusion of others. Neither can a partial peace be brought about, since the peace must encompass all the parties and eliminate all the sources of conflict in addition to being just.
(c) A just peace in the region can only be based on Israel's total and unconditional withdrawal from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and the restoration of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, confirmed by United Nations resolutions, particularly the resolution of the seventh emergency special session in July 1980, and resolution 35/169 dated 15 December 1980, which reaffirmed:
'The inalienable right of the Palestinians to return to their homes and property in Palestine, from which they have been displaced and uprooted, and calls for their return;'
'The inalienable rights in Palestine of the Palestinian people including
(i) The right to self-determination without external interference, and to national independence and sovereignty
(ii) The right to establish its own independent sovereign State;'.
(d) Jerusalem is part of the occupied Palestinian territory; Israel should withdraw completely and unconditionally from it, and return it to Arab sovereignty.
(e) The Palestine Liberation Organization is the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and it alone has the full right to represent this people, to participate on an independent and equal footing in all international conferences, activities and bodies dealing with the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Palestinian cause, and to secure the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. No solution can be considered comprehensive, just and acceptable unless the Palestine Liberation Organization participates in its elaboration and acceptance, as an independent party equal to the other parties concerned, and no State is entitled to claim the right to representation or negotiation in the cause of Palestine, whether people, land or rights are concerned. Any act which contravenes this is null and void and of no legal effect.
(f) Full respect for and the realization of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people are indispensable for the solution of the question of Palestine.  United Nations Security Council resolution 242 (1967) does not provide for the future and for the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, nor does it provide the basis for a just solution of the question of Palestine or the situation in the Middle East.
(g) All partial agreements and separate treaties concerning the question of Palestine, the rights of the Palestinian people and the Arab-Israeli conflict are a flagrant violation of the rights of the Palestinian people and the Arab States, the principles of the United Nations Charter and relevant resolutions of the United Nations and the principles of international law.

"The Ministers affirmed the right of the Arab States and the Palestine Liberation Organization to pursue their struggle in all its military and political aspects and to employ all means of liberating their occupied territories and attaining the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, and to use all possible means to foil any solutions or settlements readied at the expense of their territories and rights. They declared that the support given by the non-aligned countries to the Arab countries for the liberation of their territories and to the Palestinian people for the liberation of its homeland and the restoration of its inalienable national rights is a responsibility and duty dictated by the principles and aims of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries.

"The Ministers declared that any infringement of the resolutions adopted by the conferences of the non-aligned countries on the Middle East problem, the question of Palestine and Jerusalem will weaken the struggle for the liberation of Jerusalem and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and the realization of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. It will also Jeopardize the struggle of the Movement against colonialism, occupation, racism and Zionism and thwart the determination of Member States to end the Israeli occupation of Jerusalem and the Palestinian and Arab territories and to help the Palestinian people realize their inalienable national rights.

"The Ministers commended the work undertaken by the United Nations Committee on the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and called upon the United Nations Security Council to implement the recommendations of the Committee as endorsed by United Nations General Assembly resolutions, particularly by resolution 35/169 of 15 December 1980.

"The Ministers recalled paragraphs 107 and 108 of the Declaration of Havana and declared that the Camp David Agreements and the Egypt-Israel Treaty have no validity in so far as they purport to determine the future of the Palestinian people and of the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967; they condemned also any initiative based on that approach or those agreements. They also condemned any partial or separate solution and any agreement that would harm the rights of the Arab countries and the Palestinian people, violate the principles and resolutions of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and the United Nations General Assembly or prevent the liberation of Jerusalem and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and the attainment and full exercise by the Palestinian people of their inalienable national rights.

"The Ministers strongly condemned the hostile attitude of the United States of America towards the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people and the PLO and towards the total and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from all occupied and Palestinian and Arab territories, including Jerusalem, an attitude which constitutes a violation of the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter and the United Nations General Assembly resolutions on the Palestine question and the Middle East and is an impediment to the establishment of a just peace in the region. The Ministers condemned the policies which the United States of America is endeavouring to impose on the region at the expense of the liberation of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Jerusalem, and at the expense of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. They also condemned the continuous and growing United States support of the Israeli entity in all fields and particularly in the military and political fields, and affirmed that the persistence of the United States in these policies is detrimental to the interests and relations existing between the non-aligned countries on the one hand and the United States on the other.

"The Ministers recalled United Nations Security Council resolution 465 (1980) adopted unanimously on 1 March 1980 and strongly condemned Israel for its continued policies and practices in Jerusalem and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and particularly the annexation which has taken place in Jerusalem, Galilee, the Negev and elsewhere, the transformation of territories, establishment of Israeli settlements and transfer of settlers to them, demolition of houses, confiscation of property and land, expulsion of the rightful inhabitants of the country, deportation, expulsion, dispersion, exile, transfer, removal, bodily liquidation, mass arrests, torture, denial of the right of return, defacement of national, archaeological, spiritual and cultural features, violation of freedom, beliefs and religious rights, obstacles to worship, disregard for laws governing individual rights and unlawful exploitation of the wealth and national resources of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and their population. The Ministers decided that all those practices and procedures are a threat to peace. The Ministers stressed the need to implement United Nations Security Council resolutions 465 (1980) and 478 (1960) demanding that Israel must halt those policies and practices and immediately dismantle the existing settlements, and the restoration of the Arab character of Jerusalem.

"The Ministers recalled United Nations Security Council resolution 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980, and the United Nations General Assembly resolution 35/169 of 15 December 1980 and condemned in the strongest terms the enactment by Israel of the 'Basic Law' on Jerusalem, proclaiming a change in the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, with its implications for peace and security. The Ministers declared that such enactment was an act of aggression constituting a threat to peace and called upon the Security Council to take the necessary action to restore and maintain international peace and security in accordance with the provisions of Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. The Ministers urged all States not to deal with Israel or conduct any business which might imply recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

"The Ministers emphasized that the time had come to take the necessary action for the implementation of the various and recurrent resolutions adopted by the United Nations and the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries in order to ensure the realization of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the Arab nations, persistently ignored by Israel. The Ministers called upon all States and peoples of the world to refrain from giving Israel military, human, material or moral support. They denounced the attitude of those countries which give Israel aid and arms and considered that the real motive for lavishing vast quantities of lethal weapons and means of destruction on Israel is to entrench it as a base for colonialism and racism in the world in general and in Africa and Asia in particular. They declared that those countries' continued support of Israel would compel the non-aligned countries to take an appropriate attitude towards them.

"The Ministers reaffirmed the need for the continued severing of all kinds of formal and informal diplomatic, consular, economic, cultural, sports, tourist and communications relations with Israel and invited those Member States which had not yet broken off such relations to do so. They urged Member States to take action in the United Nations that would allow the world body and its specialized agencies to fulfil their responsibilities and counter the continued Israeli refusal to comply with United Nations resolutions, by imposing the necessary sanctions against it in accordance with Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. The Ministers instructed the Co-ordinating Bureau to take the necessary action in this regard.

"The Ministers decided to use, in a meaningful and systematic manner, every possible means to:

(a) Weaken the Israeli economic capacity to continue its aggressive policy;

(b) Put an end to the political, economic and financial support given to Israel;

(c) Change the political attitude of States and organizations so that they favour the Palestinian cause and the liberation of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories.

"The Ministers called upon the States of the European Economic Community to recognize the PLO and the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, to honour their pledges not to apply their bilateral and collective economic agreements with Israel to the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and to seek the adoption of the same attitude by other States having similar agreements.

"The Ministers strongly condemned the continued and ever-growing co-operation between the racist regimes of both Israel and South Africa, particularly in the military and nuclear fields.

"The Ministers reaffirmed their pledge for concrete solidarity in various forms – political, cultural and informational and in respect of programmes for military aid to the Palestinian people, led by the Palestine Liberation Organization – so as to develop the struggle for the liberation of its homeland. The Ministers called again for the adoption of all measures to ensure further international recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organization as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.

"Having examined the subject matter referred to it by the Sixth Summit in paragraph 109 and having taken note of the report of the Co-ordinating Bureau (document 5/Rev.1) as well as working papers 21 and 22, the Ministerial Conference decided to submit this to the Seventh Summit to be held in Baghdad in 1982 for consideration.

"The Ministers expressed grave concern at the continued escalation of the barbaric attacks by Israel on Southern Lebanon and Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon. They recalled that the Sixth Summit Conference considered that aggression, carried out by land, sea and air, as tantamount to genocide of the Lebanese people and the Palestinian refugees, with Israel using the most sophisticated weapons supplied by the United States of America.

"The Ministers called upon Member States of the United Nations and its specialized agencies not to accept the credentials of the Israeli delegation because of its violation of international legality and its annexation to Jerusalem and declaring it its capital."

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* Included at the request of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

4.  Resolutions regarding Palestine adopted at the Third Islamic Conference held at Taif, Saudi Arabia from 25 to 28 January 1981*

The Committee was represented by its Acting Chairman, Ambassador Massamba Sarre at the Third Islamic Summit Conference held in Taif, Saudi Arabia from 25 to 28 January 1981.

The resolutions that follow were adopted in connexion with the Palestinian question.

RESOLUTION NO. 1/3.P(IS) ON THE ISLAMIC PROGRAMME OF ACTION

AGAINST THE ZIONIST ENEMY

The Third Islamic Summit Conference (Palestine and Al-Quds Session), held in Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from 19 to 21 Rabi-ul-Awal 1401 A.H. corresponding to 25-28 January 1981,

Approving the Islamic Programme of Action against the Zionist enemy, prepared by the Committee on Al-Quds in its meeting held in Rabat from to 16 Safar 1401 H., corresponding to 22-24 December 1980) which reads as follows:

Proceeding from the principles and aims set out in the Charter of the Islamic Conference for the promotion of Islamic Solidarity, co-ordination of action to maintain the integrity of the Holy Places and to liberate Al-Quds, and the support of the Palestinian people to enable them to recover their rights, and liberate their homeland,

Guided by the resolutions of the First Islamic Summit. Conference in Rabat and the Second Summit Conference in Lahore, and by all resolutions of Islamic Conferences of Foreign Ministers and of the Committee on Al-Quds as regards supporting the struggle and resistance of the Palestinian people, since this struggle is a struggle for liberation, from colonialism and Zionist racist occupation and is being waged in defence of the national inalienable rights of the Palestinian people,

Stressing the determination of the Palestinian people to maintain their eternal right to the Holy City of Al-Quds as the capital of their homeland Palestine and the insistence of Muslim Governments and peoples alike on their eternal right to the Holy City of Al-Quds, in view of the paramount political, religious, cultural and historical important of Al-Quds to all Muslims.

Recommends the following

(1)    Stressing that the Palestinian issue should be viewed as the paramount issue of the Muslim nation and that no party may renounce this commitment,

(2)    Stressing the commitment to liberate all the Palestinian and Arab territories occupied since, the 1967 aggression including Holy Al-Quds Al-Sharif and that there should be no renunciation or relinquishment of any part of these territories or impairment of the full national sovereignty over these territories.

(3) Rejecting any situation that would prejudice Arab sovereignty over Al Quds Al Sharif.

(4) Pledging to recover the national inalienable rights of the Palestinian Arab people, including their right to return to self-determination and to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state on their national soil, led by the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of Palestinian people.

(5) Refusing to admit of a unilateral action by any one of the Arab or Islamic parties to reach any solution of the Palestinian issue in particular, and the Arab-zionist conflict in general, and the continuation of the resistance to the Camp David approach and accords and to any consequences thereof until they are eliminated and their sequels removed as well as resistance to any initiative stemming therefrom, extending material and moral support to the Palestinian Arab people in the occupied Palestinian territories, and enhancement of their resistance to the conspiracy of autonomy.

(6) Rejecting of any political settlement of the issue of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict that does not ensure the realisation of the above mentioned principles.

(7) Viewing the Security Council resolution 242 as inconsistent with the Palestinian and Arab rights, stressing that it does not constitute a sound basis for the solution of the Middle East crisis and the Palestinian issue.

(8) Ensuring continued support of the struggle and steadfastness of the Palestinian people inside and outside the occupied homeland under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization until they recover their national inalienable rights.

(9) Ensuring continued support of the Palestine Liberation Organization and consolidating its independence.

(10) Confirming the commitment of Islamic States to make use of all their military, political, economic and natural resources, including oil, as an effective means of upholding the national inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the Arab nation, and of confronting those countries that extend support to the Zionist entity at military, economic, political and human resources levels.

(11) Intensifying of efforts to win further international support at both official and popular levels, especially in Europe, for the issue of Palestine, the liberation of the occupied Palestinian Arab territories, to promote the status of the Palestine Liberation Organization in the international arena, and extend the range of recognition of the Organization as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian Arab people in accordance with the United Nations resolutions relating to the issue of Palestine and the representation of the Palestinian people, and particularly General Assembly resolutions 3236 and 3237 and its resolution 7/2 of 29 July 1980, resolution 3375 of 10 November 1975 and resolution 35/169 A, B, C, D of 15 December 1980.

(12) Pursuing the efforts of the Member States of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference within the United Nations and its specialised agencies to expose and isolate Israel with a view to:

a)  Having a resolution adopted in the UN General Assembly soliciting an advisory ruling from the International Court of Justice on the Israeli practices and measures which violate the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, and on the acts of aggression perpetrated by the Israeli authorities against the Palestinian people in Palestine and the occupied Arab territories. This should be achieved with the consent of the Palestine Liberation Organization, as it is the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. Entrusting the Islamic Secretariat with the task of undertaking, upon agreement with the Bureau of the Committee on Al Quds, the legal and procedural studies necessary to ensure the success of such endeavour.

b)  Inviting the UN General Assembly to reject the credentials of the Israeli legation to the United Nations, as representative of a government that violates international legality and declares Al Quds its capital. Entrusting the Islamic Secretariat with the task of conducting, upon agreement with the bureau of the Committee on Al Quds, the relevant legal and procedural studies.

c)  Calling on Member States of the United Nations and its Specialised Agencies to shoulder their responsibilities, contend with the continued Israeli refusal to implement the United Nations resolutions by adopting the necessary sanctions against Israel, in implementation of Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Assigning the Islamic Secretariat to conduct in agreement with the Bureau of the Committee on Al-Quds, the relevant legal and procedural studies.

d)  Inviting the UN General Assembly to freeze the membership of Israel, in view of its failure to implement the UN resolutions, although such implementation was a condition set for its admission to the United Nations under the Lausanne Protocol. Entrusting the Islamic Secretariat with the task of conducting, in agreement with the bureau of the Committee on Al Quds the relevant legal and procedural studies.

(13) Calling on Member States of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference which have earlier recognized Israel to withdraw this recognition and to sever all diplomatic and economic relations with Israel.

Consolidating relations between Islamic countries and Latin American countries in various fields, with a view to evolving the position of the latter countries in favour of the liberation of Al Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

(15) Maintaining contacts with the Vatican and the World Council of Churches is well as other Christian Institutions and foundations to ensure their support of the restoration of full Arab sovereignty over Al Quds recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organization as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and support of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people.

(16) Strengthening relations with Arab and Islamic Communities abroad and making full use of their capacities and potentialities to serve Arab and Islamic causes.

(17) forking for the establishment of associations similar to that of France – AL QUDS in the States of western Europe and North and South America with a view to gaining increased support from public opinion for the cause of Al-Quds.

(18) Viewing Jewish emigration to occupied Palestine as an act that consolidates the aggression of the zionist entity against the Palestinian people and their inalienable rights and calling on all countries to put an end to such emigration and to refrain from extending facilities to Jewish emigrants in view of the Zionist settlement policy which is in violation of international law.

(19) Calling on the government of the United States of America to change its hostile attitude towards the issues of Palestine, the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. The Islamic Conference stresses its condemnation of this policy and views the continued United States military, economic and political support of zionist entity as a hostile attitude towards the Islamic World and a challenge to Muslim feelings, which would negatively reflect on US interest and relations with the Islamic World.

(20) Concentrating activities within the circles of US public opinion on explaining the Palestinian issue, and the zionist aggression on the Arab and Islamic Ummah and highlighting further damage brought about by the pro-Israeli US policy to both the Arab and American people.

IN RESPECT TO AL QUDS AL SHARIF

(1) Confirming the commitment of the Islamic States to the Liberation of Arab Al Quds to become the capital of the independent Palestinian State, and the rejection of any situation that may prejudice full Arab sovereignty over the city.

(2) Confirming the commitment of Muslim States to utilize all their potentialities to oppose the Israeli decision to annex Al Quds, endorsement of the decision to impose a political and economic boycott on these States that recognise the Israeli decision, contribute to its implementation or set up embassies in Al Quds Al Sharif.

(3) Inviting all countries to respect international legitimacy by abstaining from dealing with the Israeli occupation authorities in any form that may be construed by these authorities as amounting to implicit recognition or acceptance of the status quo, imposed by their declaring Al Quds to be the unified and eternal capital of the zionist entity, and in particular, inviting all countries to refrain from:

a) signing any agreements in Al Quds Al Sharif;

b) paying any official visits to Al Quds;

c) conducting any formal talks in Al Quds.

Inviting Member States of the European Community to implement their pledge to refrain from extending the effect of their bilateral and multilateral economic agreements with Israel to the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories; exerting efforts to reach similar results with other countries that have such agreements with Israel.

(5) Stressing the need to cover the capital of Al Quds Fund, as well as its waqf (endowment) to meet all necessary and urgent requirements to support the resistance and struggle of the Palestinian people.

(6) The undertaking by all Islamic countries of psychological mobilization through their various official, semi-official and popular mass media, of their peoples for Jihad to liberate Al Quds.

IN THE ECONOMIC FIELD

(1) Utilizing all Islamic economic potentialities and natural resources in a well-oriented and studied manner for the following objectives:

a)  weakening Israeli economy;

b)  halting the political, economic and financial support to Israel;

c)  enhancing the resistance of the front-line States and the Palestine Liberation Organization in the various fields;

d)  bringing about changes in the political positions of States in favour of the Palestinian cause and enabling the Palestinian people to recover their inalienable national rights;

e)  exerting efforts to transform neutral international attitude into friendly ones, and transforming hostile attitudes into neutral and friendly ones.

(2) Adopting measures to set up an Islamic Office for the boycott of Israel, pursuant to relevant resolutions of the Islamic Conference, and ensuring co-ordination between such an office and the main office for boycott of Israel within the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States.

(3) Adopting a stiffer stand as regards legislation enacted in the United States and other countries to counteract the boycott of Israel, and stressing the legitimacy of this boycott, as well as dissuading other countries from adopting such legislation.

IN THE MILITARY FIELD

(1) Exerting efforts to ensure a strategic military balance with the zionist enemy.

(2) Ensuring military co-ordination among the front-line States and the Palestine Liberation Organization, on the one hand, and the Islamic States on the other, to ensure full utilization of the potentialities of the Islamic States in the service of the military effort; and setting up a military office in the Islamic Secretariat to be responsible for such co-ordination, in agreement with the Committee on Al Quds.

(3) Meeting the needs of the Palestinian Liberation Organization as regards military expertise and equipment, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and conducting bilateral contacts between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and all Islamic countries to ensure the implementation of the above.

RESOLUTION NO. 2/3.P(lS) ON THE CAUSE OF PALESTINE AND THE MIDDLE EAST

The Third Islamic Summit Conference (Palestine and Al Quds session) meeting in Mecca, from 19 to 22 Rabi-ul-Awwal 1401 H (25-28 January 1981);

Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, and the principles and objectives of the United Nations Charter,

Guided by the resolutions of the two-Islamic Summit Conferences, the first in Rabat and the second in Lahore, and those of the Foreign Ministers on the Palestine Question, Al Quds Al Sharif and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories,

Reaffirming the link between the destiny of Islamic States and their commitment to the aims of their joint struggle for peace, Justice and progress and against colonialism, foreign occupation, racial discrimination, Zionism and racism,

Seriously concerned over the deteriorating situation in the Middle East, which could result in a new war thus endangering international peace and security, in view of Israel's persistence in its aggressive, colonialist and racist policy, and as a result of the collusion with the Egyptian regime and the United States,

Reaffirming that the Palestine question is the core of the struggle against Zionism, and that Israel's continued refusal to withdraw from the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and its flouting of the inalienable national rights of the Arab Palestinian people constitute a flagrant violation of the principles of the Islamic Conference Organization and the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of the principles of international law,

Noting with great concern the recent developments of the Middle East problem and the Palestine question in the region, particularly the normalization by the Egyptian regime of its relations with the Zionist entity and its persistence in carrying out the autonomy conspiracy and the dangers that ensue therefrom which imperil Islamic principles, values, heritage, culture and civilization,

Considering that the liberation of Al Quds and its restoration to Arab sovereignty, as well as the liberation of the holy places from Zionist occupation, are a prerequisite to the Jihad that all Islamic States must wage, each according to its means,

Convinced that time has come to apply the sanctions provided for in Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, against Israel, since it is persistently violating the principles of the Charter, refusing to implement the resolutions of the international organizations and pursuing its aggression against the Arab States and the Palestinian people,

Convinced that the Islamic States should take firm and practical measures to counter the Zionist enemy's continued aggression and violations,

1.  Reaffirms that the problem of the Middle East and the Palestine cause cannot be solved unless the following principles and conditions are implemented concurrently, without any exception and also reaffirms its commitment to these principles and conditions;

(a) The cause of Palestine is the core of the Middle East problem and the crux of the Arab-Israeli struggle;

(b) The Palestine cause and the Middle East problem form an indivisible whole when dealing with the problem, or seeking a solution thereto hence any solution may not be a partial solution, concern some parties to the exclusion of others; or relate to some of the causes and not to others; nor can any partial peace be attained, for peace should be comprehensive and include all parties to the dispute, and should moreover, eliminate all the causes that led to it, in addition to being a just one;

(c) A Just peace in the region can only be achieved on the basis of total and unconditional withdrawal by Israel from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, and on the recovery by the Palestinian people of their inalienable national rights including:

– their right to their homeland, Palestine;
– their right to return to their homeland and recover their property in accordance with the United Nations General Assembly resolutions;
– their right to self-determination without any foreign interference;
– their right to freely exercise sovereignty over their land and natural resources;
– their right to establish their national independent State in Palestine under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization;

(d) That Al-Quds is an integral part of the occupied Palestinian territory, and Israel must unconditionally and totally withdraw from it, and it should be restored to Arab sovereignty;

(e) That the PLO is the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and is fully entitled to represent that people and to participate independently and on an equal footing in all conferences, activities and international fora connected with the Palestinian cause and the Arab-Israeli conflict, with a view to achieving the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. No solution can be comprehensive, just and acceptable unless the PLO participates in its formulation and accepts it as an independent party and on an equal footing and parity with the rest of the parties concerned. No other party is entitled to claim the right to represent or negotiate on the question of Palestine, its people, its territory and its rights, otherwise it shall be considered null and void and by no means legally binding;

(f) That Security Council resolution 242 (1976)is not in keeping with the Palestinian and Arab rights and does not constitute a sound basis for the solution of the Middle East problem and the Palestine question;

(g) That no Arab party concerned should unilaterally seek a solution to the Palestine question or to the Arab-Zionist conflict, that resistance to the Camp David accords, should be pursued, their consequences, effects or any initiative emanating therefrom voided, moreover, material and moral assistance should be extended to the Arab Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian territories, and their resistance against the autonomy conspiracy reinforced;

2.  Reaffirms that any solution that is not founded on all those principles and conditions can never lead to a just peace but, on the contrary, can only exacerbate tensions in the region and pave the way for the policies applied by the parties to the Camp David accords to liquidate the question of Palestine and help Israel achieve its objectives and expansionist, colonialist and racist policies. It would, moreover, encourage bilateral and partial solutions while disregarding the essence of the problem;

3.  Reaffirms the right of the Arab States and the Palestine Liberation Organization to struggle militarily, politically and, by any other means, to liberate their occupied territories, secure the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people and foil by all means possible any solution or settlement which is detrimental to such territories and rights;

4.  Reaffirms that the support of Islamic States to the Arab States with a view to enabling the latter to liberate their territories, and their support to the Palestinian people to help them restore their inalienable national rights, are both a responsibility and an obligation dictated by the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Islamic Conference Organization.  The Conference also affirms that such support should be clearly expressed in practical and effective measures and positions on the part of all Member States;

5.  Reaffirms its full and effective support to the Palestinian people in their legitimate struggle under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, their legitimate and sole representative inside and outside the occupied homeland, with a view to liberating it, restoring their inalienable national rights in Palestine. All Member States shall commit themselves to safeguarding Palestinian unity, the independent character of Palestine Liberation Organization and non-interference in the internal affairs of Palestinian action;

6.  Affirms

(a) The commitment of Islamic States to liberate Al-Quds to become the capital of the independent Palestinian State, and to reject any situation which might infringe on the Arab right to full sovereignty over Al-Quds;

(b) The commitment of all Islamic States to use all their means to foil the Israeli decision to annex Al-Quds and make it the capital of the Israeli entity, and decides to apply a political and economic boycott against those States which recognize this Israeli decision or participate in its implementation or establish their embassies in Al-Quds Al Sharif;

7.  Calls upon all countries throughout the world to abide by the United Nations resolutions by refraining from dealing with, the Israeli occupation authorities and from any kind of relations that could be construed by Israel as a de facto recognition of its declaration that Al-Quds has been the eternal and unified capital of the Israeli entity. It particularly calls upon all countries to refrain from:

A – Signing any agreements in Al-Quds;

B – Making official visits to Al-Quds;

C – Conducting official talks in Al-Quds;

D – Presenting the credentials of heads of diplomatic missions in Al-Quds;

8.  Calls upon member States to psychologically mobilize their people for Jihad to liberate Al-Quds, through their official, non-official and otherwise mass media;

9.  Emphasizes that any infringement on the resolutions of the Islamic Conference Organization on the Middle East problem and the cause of Palestine and Al-Quds will weaken the struggle waged to liberate Al-Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and secure the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, undermine the struggle of the organization against colonialism, foreign occupation, racism and Zionism and will be a reneging by member States on their determination to put an end to Israeli occupation of the Palestinian and Arab territories and assist the Palestinian people to achieve their inalienable national rights;

10. Reaffirms its rejection and condemnation of the Camp David accords signed on 17 September 1978, and the Israeli-Egyptian Treaty signed on 26 March 1979, and all the consequences and efforts ensuing therefrom and asks that they be resisted by all means and methods;

11. Strongly condemns any partial or separate solution and any agreement detrimental to the rights of the Arab nation and, the Palestinian people that would violate the principles and resolutions of the Islamic Conference Organization and the United Nations, or that could impede the liberation of Al-Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories or prevent the Palestinian people, from securing and fully exercising their inalienable national rights;

12. Condemns the collusion between the Egyptian regime, Israel and the United States in all fields and deems it a direct aggression against the right of the Palestinian people, their homeland and future, and a serious threat to the security and stability of Arab and Islamic States, and decides to support the suspension of its membership to the Non-Aligned Movement;

13. Strongly condemns the Egyptian Government for proceeding to normalize relations with the Zionist entity and considers it a denial of the principles of Jihad and a*danger to Islamic principles, ideals, heritage, culture and civilization; and decides to suspend Egypt's membership in the Non-Aligned Movement;

14. Strongly condemns the United States of America's persistence in its inimical attitude towards the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, and total withdrawal from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al-Quds, which constitutes a violation of the principles and objectives of the United Nations Charter and of the resolutions of the General Assembly on the question of Palestine and the Middle East, and impedes the establishment of a Just peace in the region; the Conference also condemns the policies the United States of America seeks to impose on the region at the expense of the liberation of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al-Quds and at the expense of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. The Conference also condemns the continuous and increasing support of the United States to Israel in all fields, particularly the military and political fields; affirms that the United States' persistence in these policies are detrimental–to its relations with the interests in Muslim States;

15. Strongly condemns Israel for pursuing its policies and practices in Al-Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, particularly its annexation policies and the establishment of Israeli settlements, bringing in alien settlers, demolishing houses, seizing and confiscating property and land, evicting the lawful inhabitants,deporting, expelling, despoiling, exiling, transferring and rejecting them; in addition to their liquidation en a mass scale denying them the right to return, their massive detention and wholesale torture, the obliteration of national, archaeological, spiritual and cultural landmarks; violating the liberties and preventing the exercise of rights and religious rites: disregarding the laws relating to personal status, illegally exploiting the heritage and natural and human resources of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and their inhabitants; and considers such practices and measures, void and illegitimate;

16. Condemns Israel for refusing to abide by Security Council resolutions 446 (1979), 452 (1979) and 465 (1960) in which the Council emphasized that all measures taken by Israel to change the characteristics of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al-Quds, are illegal, denounced Israel's policy and practice in establishing settlements, and stressed the need to cancel these measures and remove the existing settlements, and abstain from setting up others:

17. Declares that such Israeli policies and practices constitute a dangerous violation of the United Nations Charter, in particular the principle of sovereignty and territorial integrity, the principles and provisions of international law, United Nations resolutions, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Fourth Geneva Convention on the protection of civilians in times of war. Such policies and practices constitute a major impediment to the establishment of a just peace in the Middle East;

18. Calls upon all the States and peoples of the world to refrain from extending military, manpower, material or moral support to Israel likely to encourage it in perpetuating its occupation of Al Quds and the Palestinian and Arab territories, and declares that such a continued support to Israel will compel Islamic States to take appropriate stands against them;

19. Deplores the attitude of these States that provide assistance and arms Israel and considers that the real purpose of flooding Israel with this great quantity of weapons of war and destruction is to establish it as a colonialist and racist base in the third world, in general, and in Africa and Asia, in particular;

20. Condemns the collusion between Israel and South Africa and their identical policies of aggression and racism, and condemns, as well, co-operation between them in all fields since it threatens the security and independence of Africa and Arab States;

21. Invites member States which had recognized Israel to withdraw such recognition and sever all kind of diplomatic, consular, economic, cultural, sports and touristic relations, as well as all forms of communication with Israel at all levels, official or otherwise, and requests the member States that have not yet severed such relations to do so;

22. Calls upon Member States to take all measures within the United lotions to:

A. Request the United Nations General Assembly to refuse the credentials of the Israeli delegation to the United Nations General Assembly, as it represents an authority which aggressed against international legitimacy, and which made Al Quds its capital, and request the General Secretariat to take all necessary measures in this respect;
B. Request the Member States of the United Nations and its specialized institutions to assume their responsibility and face up to the continued rejection by Israel of United Nations resolutions, by applying appropriate penalties against Israel, in -implementation of the provisions of Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, and request the General Secretariat to take the necessary measures in this regard;

23. Reaffirms the right of the Palestinian people as represented by the Palestinian Liberation Organization and the Arab States, whose territories are under Israeli occupation, to total, permanent and actual sovereignty and full control ever their natural and other resources, economic riches and activities. It also reaffirms their right to recover them and to receive full compensation for all damages incurred through exploitation, depletion or loss of such resources;

24. Decides to have recourse to all Islamic States' economic, potential and natural resources in a studied and planned manner with a view to:

A. Weakening Israeli economy;
B. Stopping the political, economic and financial assistance received by Israel;
C. Bringing about political stands by countries in favour of the Palestine Question with a view to enabling the Palestine people to recover their national inalienable rights;
D. Endeavouring to turn national stands at the international level into friendly ones, and antagonistic or inimical stands into neutral or friendly ones;

25. Calls upon the member States of the European Economic Community to fulfil their undertakings to the effect that their bilateral and multilateral agreements with Israel shall not be applied in the Palestinian and Arab-occupied territories and endeavour to secure such a stand from other States that have similar agreements with Israel;

26. Invites States to pay up the capital of Al Quds Fund, and its Waqf in order to enhance the struggle and resistance of the Palestinian people;

27. Calls upon Member States not to tolerate legislations enacted by the United States of America and other countries with a view to countering the Arab boycott, and to secure a strict implementation of the boycott against Israel; stress its legitimacy and urge other States to adopt similar regulations.

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* Included at the request of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

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