41st plenary meeting
Monday, 31 October 2005, 3 p.m.
Mr. Jan Eliasson ……………………………………………………………………….
The meeting was called to order at 2.40 p.m.
Agenda item 84 (continued )
Report of the International Atomic Energy Agency
Note by the Secretary-General (A/60/204)
Draft resolution (A/60/L.13)
Mr. Sumaida’ie (Iraq) (spoke in Arabic ): …
We stress the need to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, as well as necessary and effective machinery to ensure that Israel accedes to the NPT and places its nuclear facilities under the comprehensive safeguards regime of the IAEA. We urge the international community to arrive at a legally binding international instrument that includes negative and positive safeguards and protects the non-nuclear-weapon States from the threat or use of such weapons.
Mr. Baeidi-Nejad (Islamic Republic of Iran): …
The essential role of the Agency in the development of activities to enhance the capacity of member States to utilize nuclear energy is also acknowledged by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which in article IV imposes a commitment on States parties to the Treaty to facilitate the fullest possible exchange of materials, equipment and technological information for peaceful purposes. Furthermore, States parties to the Treaty are to enhance their cooperation to develop nuclear energy without discrimination or restriction.
Unfortunately, the level of cooperation in the past on the part of the developed countries, who are the main suppliers of nuclear high technology, with the developing nations has not been promising. Indeed, nuclear cooperation between the suppliers and recipients has been marked by restriction, hindrance and disruption.
Furthermore, it is an unfortunate fact that being a party to the NPT and the IAEA Safeguards Agreement not only has not facilitated the nuclear cooperation prescribed under the Treaty between the States parties but has even served to create impediments to the peaceful uses of energy. It is even true that non-parties are more richly rewarded through nuclear cooperation. In the case of Israel, nuclear exchanges and transfers of advanced nuclear materials, equipment and technology, facilitated by acquiescence on the part of certain circles, has contributed and continues to contribute to the development of a clandestine Israeli nuclear weapons programme that is endangering global and regional peace and security. If anything, the failure to accept the NPT and safeguard obligations should burden outsiders to the NPT with the most severe restrictions, rather than provide them with impunity.
The meeting rose at 5.35 p.m.
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