"Women are critically important peacebuilders and I am strongly committed to their inclusion in all peacebuilding processes."
- UN Secretary-General António Guterres

Women, Natural Resources and Peacebuilding

The report Women and Natural Resources: Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential urges governments and the international community to invest in the political and economic engagement of women in natural resource management and to end the entrenched discrimination that women face in accessing, owning and using critical natural resources in sustainable and productive ways. 

Published jointly by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equity and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO), this report draws on field research from over 20 different countries and some 200 academic sources and institutions.

Thematic Review on Gender and Peacebuilding

The UN Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) commissioned this Independent Thematic Review on Gender to contribute to knowledge building and operational learning about peacebuilding practices. It is in an independent review and as such the analysis does not necessarily reflect the views of PBSO or any of the UN entities. The author accepts full and final responsibility for the report.

The Terms of Reference for the Review set out two main areas of work (Annex I). The first is an external focus to scope out in the international domain the emerging good practices in implementing what is increasingly termed ‘gender- responsive peacebuilding’. The second area focuses on the PBSO itself and the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) and its efforts and potential to promote and enhance the implementation of gender-responsive peacebuilding programmes through targeted and mainstreaming approaches.

Women and Peacebuilding

Strengthening women’s participation in peacebuilding is high on the agenda of the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO). As outlined in the Secretary-General’s report on Women’s participation in peacebuilding women are crucial partners in shoring up three pillars of lasting peace: economic recovery, social cohesion and political legitimacy. PBSO together with UN Women are supporting the implementation of a seven-point Action Plan, the commitment of the United Nations to improve women’s situations in post-conflict countries.

PBSO co-organized with UN Women a workshop on integrating a gender perspective into Post-Disaster and Post-Conflict Needs Assessments to ensure that women’s needs and a gender perspective are integrated into all post-disaster and post-conflict planning documents from early on.

Peacebuilding Commission’s Gender Strategy

The Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) has adopted a two-step process for the development of its Gender Strategy. The first phase was aimed at capturing existing knowledge, practices and lessons learned and to scale up successful experiences in countries on the PBC’s agenda. A desk review of all substantive PBC documentation, , as well as the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) Peacebuilding Priority Plans (PPPs) was conducted by the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) and UN Women with the purpose of analyzing language on women and gender and to assess the extent to which gender was mainstreamed at the global and country level.

Moreover, informal expert-level interviews were conducted with the six country chairs and representatives of the countries on the agenda. The findings were documented in the “Light Review of PBC’s Engagement on Gender to Date.” The second phase includes the development of a full-fledged Strategy, informed by the country-based knowledge and analysis undertaken in phase 1 and based on the concept of sustaining peace.

The PBC Gender Strategy defines a series of priority areas of strategic action for PBC’s gender-responsive engagement at the country, regional and global levels, as well as key messages that the PBC should systematically promote. Consultations on the draft Strategy were held at the global level as well as in country, with Member States of the PBC, civil society partners, UN missions and country teams.