Other Policy Documents

A joint ILO/PBSO Brochure

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This brochure was jointly developed by the ILO and the UN Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA). It aims to consider how underemployment and decent work deficits can exacerbate, particularly in times of COVID-19, grievances, inequalities, turmoil, conflict and violence.

In this framework, the joint brochure intends to guide UN Country Teams, UN Resident Coordinator Offices, UN Agencies, funds and programmes as well as governments, workers’ and employers’ organizations strategic choices about how employment and decent work can contribute to sustaining peace in the Humanitarian-Development-Peace Nexus, through the following potential pathways: (i) mainstreaming employment and decent work into joint UN planning frameworks, (ii) designing and implementing programmes in a conflict-sensitive way to contribute purposefully to peace by addressing simultaneously three conflict drivers: the lack of economic opportunities; the lack of contact and social cohesion; and the existence of grievances and sense of injustice, (iii) supporting the creation of immediate decent jobs and livelihood opportunities in humanitarian responses, specifically for youth and women, that must be used as an investment in long-term development, (iv) focusing not only on the quantity of jobs created, but also on the quality of work, (v) strengthening labour and economic institutions, social dialogue and Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, and (vi) building evidence on the contribution of decent work, employment and livelihoods programmes to peacebuilding processes.

PBSO-ILO-Interpeace-WHO launched in December 2020 a joint publication on the health, employment and peace aspects of the COVID response.

Recommendations include:
• Understand the impact of COVID-19 in conflict-affected settings on: access to health; livelihoods and decent work; and conflict dynamics;
• Approach a multidimensional crisis with a multidimensional response;
• Commit to conflict-sensitive, peace-responsive and tailored policy and programmatic approaches;
• Use the COVID-19 crisis as an opportunity to shift to locally led responses;
• Adapt programmatic and communication approaches to local realities and capacities;
• Integrate a peace and conflict lens to maximize positive and mutually reinforcing direct and indirect impacts;
• Lay down foundations for structural changes and build resilience; and
• Seizing the occasion for transformative change.

See the Joint Paper here: English | French

Summary: English

This Good Practice Note provides practical guidance and concrete tools for UN entities to integrate conflict sensitivity into their programming – with a view to contribute to building and sustaining peace, and with the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals as the ultimate objective. Conflict sensitivity is about bringing awareness of conflict dynamics to UN entities that deliver development and humanitarian assistance, and support to political processes, with the goal to minimize the risk that those activities worsen conflict dynamics and bring countries further off track on their path to achieve the SDGs. It is a minimum requirement for the UN, aligned with the principle of “Do No harm”, and that lays the foundations for activities that sustain peace and further sustainable development, with the promotion, protection and fulfillment of human rights at their core.