LLDCs Publications

Latest Publications

04 September 2020

Over 80% of global merchandise trade travels by sea. But 32 developing countries have no direct access to the open water.

These Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) are in a difficult position because their imports and exports have to transit through neighbouring coastal states in order to reach seaports. Not having their own seaports means they are not fully in control of their own gateways to global commerce. 

10 April 2019

This paper reviews progress made by LLDCs in Asia and Europe in structural economic transformation (Priority 5 of the Vienna Program of Action - VPoA). It covers 10 Asian (Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Lao PDR, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and 4 European (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Macedonia and Republic of Moldova) LLDCs.

01 January 2019

This report “Achieving the SDGs in Landlocked Developing Countries through Connectivity and Trade Facilitation” provides insights into the progress made by the LLDCs on improving transit transport connectivity, structural economic transformation, trade facilitation and trade performance, the major achievements and constraints experienced and recommendations to further advance transport connectivity and improve the trade potential of the LLDCs. 

19 September 2018

The policy briefs focus on links between SDG 7 and the SDGs that will be under review at the 2019 High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) taking place in New York,  namely SDG 4 (quality education), SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth), SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), SDG 13 (climate action), SDG 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions), and SDG 17 (partnerships for the Goals), which is reviewed annually. The report comes at the midpoint of the UN Decade of Sustainable Energy for All 2014-2024, and was launched during a midpoint review conducted at t