Report No. 91

Implementation of the Agreement on Movement and Access

and Update on Gaza Crossings

(29 April – 12 May 2009)

The United Nations is submitting the 91st bi-weekly report on the implementation of the 15 November 2005 Agreement on Movement and Access (AMA)1, covering the period 29 April – 12 May 09 (Annex)2. In light of the closure of Gaza, this report also monitors movement and access through other crossings not included in the AMA.

Summary:

AMA Benchmarks:

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 703 working days. It was last open for the public on 09 June 2007. However, the crossing was partially open on an exceptional basis for passengers on all days during the reporting period, allowing 63 Palestinians, including medical cases, to cross out and 400 to cross in, compared to 2,434 departures and 743 arrivals in the previous reporting period. No humanitarian relief items were allowed entry to Gaza through the Rafah Crossing, compared to 32 truckloads allowed in during the previous reporting period.

Karni crossing has remained closed since 12 June 2007 for the movement of goods in and out of Gaza.  The conveyor belt/chute for cereals and animal feed was open on five days (30 April, 05,06,07 and 11 May), compared to four in the previous reporting period. A total of 300 truckloads of cereals and animal feed, entered Gaza, via the conveyor belt, compared to 297 in the previous reporting period. Neither gravel nor bulk cement were allowed entry during this period. Gravel and bulk cement were last allowed into Gaza on 26 and 29 Oct 08 respectively.

Erez crossing has remained closed for more than three years since 12 March 2006 for workers, and more than a year, since 12 June 2007, for all other Palestinians, except for a limited number of Palestinian senior traders, aid workers and medical cases who have been granted special permits. For these persons, Erez crossing was partially open on 12 out of the 14 scheduled days. No traders were allowed out during the reporting period, and an average of nine medical cases per day were allowed to cross out.

Obstacles to movement in the West Bank has decreased from 632 reported during the previous reporting period to 631. Overall, the figure of 631 represents an increase of 255 obstacles (67. 8%) over the baseline figure (376) of August 2005.

Convoys between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank:

Truck convoys Implementation now 39 months overdue (since mid-January 2006).
Bus convoys Implementation now 40 months overdue (since mid-December 2005).

Ports:

Seaport Awaiting GoI assurance of non-interference with the seaport operation.
Airport Awaiting commencement of discussions since November 2005.

Non-AMA Crossings:

Sufa crossing was not open during the whole reporting period. It was last open on 12 Sept 08. In mid March 09, Israel announced that Sufa crossing is no longer a crossing point between Gaza and Israel.

Kerem Shalom crossing was partially open on 11 days compared to 10 during the previous reporting period. A total of 995 truckloads of goods, including 278 for humanitarian aid agencies, were allowed in, compared to 922 during the previous reporting period.

Nahal Oz fuel pipelines were partially open on 08 out of 10 scheduled days, compared to 07 days during the previous reporting period. No petrol or diesel for private/commercial use was allowed entry during this reporting period. 2,098 tonnes of cooking gas and 4,115,110 liters of industrial gas for the power plant were allowed in, compared to 2,065 tonnes and 3,926,570 liters respectively in the previous reporting period.

Of note: Overall, 1,295 truckloads, including 278 truckloads from humanitarian agencies were allowed entry to Gaza during this period, compared to 1,253 truckloads allowed in during the previous reporting period.

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1 The United Nations, through the OCHA oPt office, has assumed reporting responsibilities for reporting on the implementation of the AMA since April 2006.

2 The AMA was negotiated by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority to promote peaceful economic development and improve the humanitarian situation on the ground. It represents the commitments of both the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority to facilitate access and movement into/out and throughout the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

For more information email: ochaopt@un.org | Address: P.O. Box 38712 Jerusalem

Phone: +972 (0)2 5829962 / 5825853 | Fax: +972 (0)2 5825841