Review of Progress Made in Structural Economic Transformation in Euro-Asian LLDCs (2019)


This paper reviews progress made by LLDCs in Asia and Europe in structural economic transformation (Priority 5 of the Vienna Program of Action - VPoA). It covers 10 Asian (Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Lao PDR, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and 4 European (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Macedonia and Republic of Moldova) LLDCs.

State of LDCs: Financing the SDGs and IPoA for the LDCs (2017)


One year after the Comprehensive High-level Midterm Review of the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA), progress towards its implementation has continued but there is the need to further accelerate actions in order to meet the agreed targets. Thus, while Chapter 1 focuses on the progress and challenges in implementing the IPoA, Chapter 2 explores financing options for LDCs in order to accelerate progress.

Financing the SDGs in the LDCs: Diversifying the Financing Tool-box and Managing Vulnerability (2016)


Achieving the 2030 Agenda will be a challenge for all countries. It is however particularly salient for the 48 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) where levels of deprivation are acute, infrastructure is inadequate, economies are vulnerable and capital is in short supply.Yet these are the countries we need to reach first if we are to meet the aspiration to “leave no one behind”.