Sustainable Development Goals
In 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by all UN Member States.
Reducing inequality is the tenth of the 17 goals, with the promise of safe migration included in SDG Target 10.7. Reducing inequality and ensuring no one is left behind are integral to Agenda 2030.
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (A/RES/73/195) is the first intergovernmental agreement, prepared under the auspices of the United Nations, to cover all dimensions of international migration in a holistic and comprehensive manner. It was adopted at an intergovernmental conference on migration in Marrakech, Morocco on 10 December 2018.
Migration and human rights law — International Convention
While States may deny a person entry to their territory, or expel, or remove migrants in an irregular situation, everyone living within a State’s territory, irrespective of his or her immigration status, is entitled to general human rights guarantees. A State must ensure that all migrants on its territory are able to exercise their economic, social and cultural rights.
Migrants arriving irregularly in a new country are often detained in administrative centres or in prisons. Although the deprivation of liberty should be a last resort under international human rights law, migrants are often detained as a routine procedure and without proper judicial safeguards.
What does it mean to be stateless?
Everyone has the right to say #IBELONG. Millions of stateless people around the world have no nationality. They are invisible and often aren’t allowed to go to school, see a doctor, get a job, open a bank account, buy a house or even get married. You can support today. Take actionUNHCR - the UN Refugee Agency
Overcrowded immigration detention centres often have poor access to healthcare, inadequate food, sanitation or safe drinking water, and a lack of separate sanitation facilities for men and women. Equally, there is an increasing tendency to criminalize migration offences (as opposed to treating them as administrative offences) which has, in some cases, resulted in violations of migrants’ rights.
The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families provides guidance for human rights safeguards, which address the specific situation of migrant workers and their families.
Durban Declaration and Programme of Action
The Durban Declaration recognized that xenophobia against non-nationals, including migrants, constitutes one of the main sources of contemporary racism and that there are frequent and widespread human rights violations against members of such groups.
Human rights mechanisms
Human rights mechanisms, such as the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants and the Committee on Migrant Workers, have been clear in stating that although countries have a sovereign right to determine conditions of entry and stay in their territories:
Where are we?
Sustainable Development Goal 10 (SDG-10)
The promise of safe migration in SDG Target 10.7 is crucial to reducing inequality and to the 2030 Agenda's promise to "leave no one behind".
Yet, measuring safe migration is extremely challenging. Currently, the only evaluation of this goal is SDG Indicator 10.7.3, the "number of people who died or disappeared in the process of migration towards an international destination."
The IOM’s Missing Migrants Project (MMP) collates data upon which SDG Indicator 10.7.3 relies. This is the starkest display of unsafe migration:
The MMP records initiative was developed in response to the multiple deaths and disappearances of migrants identified along migratory routes around the world, and continues to expand and grow in an attempt to document the true number of lives lost during migration.
The MMP’s work is aimed at ending one of the great political failures of our time, and at advocating for safe and humane legal migration routes.
As few official sources collect data on migrant mortality, and even fewer on deaths during the migration process itself, MMP data collection represents a timely and innovative approach to documenting hard-to-access populations. [source]
Fight COVID-19 Stigma and Discrimination Against MigrantsIOM - UN Migration
Responses to COVID-19 have likely increased the risks of migratory journeys by pushing people into more perilous and deadly situations where humanitarian support and rescue is increasingly unavailable. Yet data collection is increasingly difficult amid the pandemic.
Migrant workers in tourism — ethical recruitment and protection
In July of 2021, the IOM and the Sustainable Hospitality Alliance announced the launch of a multi-year partnership aiming to promote ethical recruitment and the protection of migrant workers in the tourism industry.
The partnership will harness the multi-stakeholder model of IOM’s IRIS: Ethical Recruitment global initiative to promote regular pathways for migrant workers and protect them throughout the labour migration process. It will target key migration corridors in the Latin America region, as well as between East Africa and select States of the Gulf Cooperation Council.