United Nations iconWelcome to the United Nations. It's your world!

Please note that all PDF documents are marked as such and will open in a new browser window.


United Nations Peacekeeping Operations


June 1948 – Present

UN Truce Supervision Organization

The UN General Assembly endorses a plan for the partition of Palestine in November 1947. The plan is not accepted by the Palestinians and the Arab States. The Arab-Israeli war breaks out. The Security Council appoints a Mediator, to be assisted by military observers, to supervise the truce. UNTSO, the first ever UN peacekeeping operation, remains to monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, and assist other UN peacekeeping operations in the region.


January 1949 – Present

UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan

India and Pakistan become independent in August 1947. Later that year, fighting erupts between the two nations over the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The Security Council sets up a commission and sends military observers to supervise the agreed ceasefire line. Hostilities break out again in 1971. The Security Council responds by calling for a ceasefire, which UNMOGIP is tasked to monitor.