UNITED NATIONS PALESTINE COMMISSION

ESTIMATE OF MINIMUM IMPORTS OF CERTAIN ESSENTIAL FOOD

PRODUCTS REQUIRED FOR PALESTINE BETWEEN

15 MAY AND 1 OCTOBER

Tons

Cereals:

Bread cereals

71,500

of wheat flour equivalent

Rice

5,000

Sugar

11,500

Meat:

Frozen meat

1,100

Canned meat

700

Oils and fats:

Copra

8,250

Cotton seed

7,500

Ground nuts

9,000

Linseed

850

Cocoa beans

900

The quantities in the above table are calculated on the basis of the programme of allocations laid down by the IEFC (in respect of cereals, oils and fats) and by the British Ministry of Food. No account is taken of the fact that, in respect of all products except bread cereals and sugar, the rate of import up to 15 May is less than would be required under the programme. If this programme is fulfilled between 15 May and 1 October, it will only be sufficient to maintain current consumption and will not provide for building up of stocks.

In regard to meat, it should be noted that the major source of meat supply in. Palestine is normally from livestock imported from Middle Eastern countries. This importation has practically ceased under present conditions, and consequently the quantities of frozen and canned meat in the above table are far below what would be required to maintain a normal rate of consumption of meat of all kinds.

In respect of oils and fats, allocated by the IEFC, imports have been very much below the quantities allocated, and there is already an acute shortage of these products. None of the 10,000 tons of rice programmed for the year have yet been imported into Palestine, and there is no prospect of any importations of rice before 15 May.

Finally, it should be clearly indicated that all these quantities imply a relatively low rate of consumption. They take no account of the possibility of a fall in local production and of destruction of stocks as a result of internal disorder. Moreover, the carry-over of stocks is dangerously low, and in order to build up working stocks to safe levels, larger quantities of all these products would need to be imported. The figures given on the preceding page, therefore, are the minimum quantities needed to avert a serious food crisis.

TABLE 1

FOOD IMPORTS INTO PALESTINE

 (in value)

(at the rate:
1 €P = 4 $)

1946*

1947*

U.S.$

U.S.$

Grain and flour

28,575,000

36,289,000

Wheat, hard

18,337,000

8,620,000

Wheat flour

1,210,000

5,279,000

Barley

4,930,000

8,691,000

Rice

1,049,000

1,084,000

Meat

432,000

633,000

Animals, living, for food

10,787,000

12,189,000

Dairy products

6,423,000

9,872,000

Butter

414,000

1,587,000

Cheese

1,034,000

1,865,000

Fruits and vegetables

5,806,000

9,684,000

Sugar

2,757,000

3,351,000

Oils**

Oils and fats, edible

500,000

Source: General Monthly Bulletin of Current Statistics, (Government of Palestine) December 1947

______

* Based on the figures for the first three-quarters,

* Does not include certain other oils and oil seeds allocated by the IEFC, imports of which were approximately €1.37 million ($5.5 million) in 1947.

TABLE 2

QUANTITY OF FOOD IMPORTS INTO PALESTINE

1946 and 1947

Group

Unit

Jan-Sept

1946

Total

Year 1946

Estimate

Jan-Sept

1947

Total

Year 1947

(Estimate)

Remarks

A (Grain and flour)

Tons

190,462

253,949

217,524

290,032

B (Feeding stuffs for animals)

"

28,183

37,577

56,853

75,804

C (Meat)

"

478

637

596

795

Excluding poultry, included under group D

D (Animals, living, for food)

Numbers

234,320

312,427

352,615

470,153

E Dairy produce)

Tons

7,961

9,415

10,876

14,501

1 egg = 50 grammes 1,000 eggs – 50 kg.

F (Fresh fruits, nuts and vegetables)

"

25,230

33,640

42,743

56,991

G (Beverages)

"

630

840

1,361

1,815

1 litre – 1 kg.

H (Other foods)

"

36,101

48,135

27,980

27,707

Individual Items

Rice

Tons

5,639

7,519

5,245

6,993

Wheat

"

125,471

167,295

60,380

80,507

Wheat flour

"

8,425

11,233

26,965

35,953

Barley

"

35,927

47,903

53,528

71,371

Live Animals

Number

205,853

274,471

214,329

285,772

Butter

Tons

429

572

1,464

1,952

Cheese

"

968

1,291

1,757

2,344

Sugar (Nos. 181-5)

"

18,240

24,320

18,101

24,000

Oils, edible, n.e.s.

"

1,101

1,468

Olive oil

"

1

1

Fats n.e.s.

"

2

3

286

381

Copra

"

3,015

4,020

6,991

9,321

Cotton seeds

"

15,277

20,369

Sesame seeds

"

1,137

1,516

6,154

8,205

Cotton seed oil

"

1

1

3

4

Sunflower seeds

"

4

5

TABLE 3

VALUE OF IMPORTS OF FOOD INTO PALESTINE BY COUNTRIES OF
ORIGIN – 1947*

(4$ = €1)

Commodity and Country

Value in $

Year 1947

Value in $

Year 1946

Barley, Total

8,691,500

4,933,948'

Tripolitania

2,799,340

Iraq

4,616,748

Syria/Lebanon

1,224,336

Turkey

51,076

Rice, Total

1,084,592

Egypt

1,084,336

Other

256

Wheat, hard

8,627,572

18,336,432

Canada

7,125,796

Abyssinia

691,252

Syria/Lebanon

374,368

Turkey

123,692

Transjordan

312,464

Wheat flour

5,279,440

1,210 572

Australia

3,187,840

Canada

1,545,440

Abyssinia

61,444

Egypt

47,220

Others (Africa)

Iraq

188,880

Syria/Lebanon

242,688

Transjordan

5,868

Other countries

60

Sugar, Total

3,361,172

2,757, 200

Grain and Flour

36,289,792

28,57,824

Meat

432,156

633,216

Animal, living for food

12,189,476

Cattle and buffaloes

6 325,772

Other countries (Africa)

Iraq

48,468

Syria/Lebanon

5,096,444

Transjordan

98,276

Goats and Kids

1,763,124

Iraq

4,948

Turkey

1,734,548

Transjordan

19,876

Other countries

3,748

Sheep and lambs

4,099,212

Arabia

66,396

Iraq

96,748

Turkey

3,902,804

Transjordan

12,704

Dairy products

9,872,228

6.423,316

Butter

1,587,120

414,836

Cheese

1,866,420

1,034,884

Fruits and vegetables

5.806,560

9,684,860

Oils

Copra

1,810,044

India and Ceylon

Other British possessions

814,564

Other Asiatic countries

995,476

Sesame seeds

3,504,628

India

553,580

Other British possessions

17,820

Abyssinia

125,852

Other countries (Africa)

445,636

Arabia

1,075,168

Iraq

229,968

Iran

527,392

Syria/Lebanon

458,772

Transjordan

78,029

Other countries

12,416

* These estimates are made on the basis of the first three-quarters of each year.