Letter dated 8 November 2000 from the Chargé d’affaires

a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the

United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

I have the honour to transmit herewith the texts of four resolutions adopted by the 104th Conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which was convened at Jakarta, from 15 to 21 October 2000 (see annex).*  The annex is being circulated in the languages of submission only. These resolutions are entitled:

1. “The prevention of military and other coups against democratically elected Governments and against the free will of the peoples expressed through direct suffrage, and action to address grave violations of the human rights of parliamentarians”

2. “Financing for development and a new paradigm of economic and social development designed to eradicate poverty”

3. “Bringing an end to the tension and violence in the Middle East, protecting civilians in accordance with the Fourth Geneva Convention, and action to save the peace process in accordance with the relevant United Nations resolutions”

4. “Are embargoes and economic sanctions still ethically acceptable, do they still work, and are they suited to achieving their purpose in an ever more globalised world?”

I should be appreciative if you would circulate the aforementioned resolutions as a document of the General Assembly, under agenda item 26, and of the Security Council.

(Signed) Makmur Widodo

Ambassador

Deputy Permanent Representative

Chargé d’affaires a.i.

Annex to the letter dated 8 November 2000 from the Chargé d’affaires

a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the

United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

[Original: English and French]

/…

BRINGING AN END TO THE TENSION AND VIOLENCE IN THE

MIDDLE EAST, PROTECTING CIVILIANS IN ACCORDANCE

WITH THE FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION, AND ACTION

TO SAVE THE PEACE PROCESS IN ACCORDANCE WITH

THE RELEVANT UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTIONS

Resolution adopted by the 104th Conference

by 987 votes to 61, with 131 abstentions

(Jakarta, 19 October 2000)

The 104th Inter-Parliamentary Conference,

Recalling its resolution on Jerusalem adopted in Seoul (97th Conference, April 1997) and its resolutions adopted in Amman (103rd Conference, April 2000),

Recalling also UN Security Council resolutions 476 (1980), 478 (1980), 672 (1990), 1073 (1996) and 1322 (2000), and all its other relevant resolutions,

Recalling further the internationally recognised principles of human rights law enshrined in various United Nations Declarations and Conventions and repeatedly endorsed by the Inter-Parliamentary Union,

Asserting the applicability of international humanitarian law, in particular the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,

Deeply concerned by the tragic events that have occurred in the Palestinian territories in particular since the provocative visit of Mr. Ariel Sharon to Al-Haram Al-Sharif in Jerusalem on 28 September 2000, and which have led to numerous deaths and injuries mostly among the Palestinians, due to excessive use of force by the Israeli army in the occupied territories,

Reaffirming that a just and lasting solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict must be based on UN Security Council resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973) and UN General Assembly resolution 194 (1948), and on an active process of negotiation which takes account of the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, including the right to self-determination and to the establishment of an independent State,

Expressing its support for the Middle East peace process and the efforts to reach a final settlement between the Israeli and Palestinian sides, and urging the two sides to cooperate in these efforts,

Taking into account the declaration of 17 October by the parties gathered at Sharm el-Sheik who have publicly stated their determination to stop the violence and undertake concrete measures to prevent a recurrence of recent events,