Implementation of the Agreement on Movement and Access
and Update on Gaza Crossings
The United Nations is submitting the 84th bi-weekly report on the implementation of the 15 November 2005 Agreement on Movement and Access (AMA)1, covering the period 21 Jan – 03 February 09 (Annex)2. In light of the closure of Gaza, this report also monitors movement and access through other crossings not included in the AMA.
• Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 605 working days. It was last open for public use on 09 June 2007. However, the crossing was partially open on an exceptional basis, for passengers on all days during the reporting period. The opening, allowed 2,199 Palestinians including many medical cases which arose during the Israeli ground incursion to cross out and 1,445 to cross in. Rafah crossing was also partially open on all days for the inflow of humanitarian supplies – 104 truckloads of medical and relief supplies entered during the reporting period, compared to 164 allowed in during the previous reporting period.
• Karni crossing has remained closed since 12 June 2007 for the movement of goods in and out of Gaza. The conveyor belt/chute for cereals and animal feed was open on nine days (21, 22, 26,27,28,29 January, 01, 02 and 03 February), compared to four days in the previous reporting period. A total of 701 truckloads of cereals and animal feed, were allowed to enter Gaza, via the conveyor belt , compared to 217 in the previous reporting period. Neither gravel nor bulk cement were allowed entry during this period. Gravel and bulk cement were last allowed into Gaza on 26 and 29 Oct 08 respectively.
• Erez crossing has remained closed for more than two years since March 2006 for workers, and more than a year, since 12 June 2007, for all other Palestinians, except for a limited number of Palestinian traders, aid workers and medical cases who have been granted special permits. For these persons, Erez crossing was partially open on 12 out of the 14 scheduled days. No traders were allowed out of Gaza during the reporting period, while an average of 4 medical cases per day were allowed to cross out, the same as in the previous reporting period.
• Obstacles to movement in the West Bank has decreased from 629 reported during the previous reporting period to 628. Overall, the figure of 628 represents an increase of 252 obstacles (67%) over the baseline figure (376) of August 2005.
• Convoys between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank:
Truck convoys – Implementation now 36 months overdue (since mid-January 2006).
Bus convoys – Implementation now 37 months overdue (since mid-December 2005).
Seaport – Awaiting GoI assurance of non-interference with the seaport operation.
Airport – Awaiting commencement of discussions since November 2005.
• Sufa crossing remained closed during the whole reporting period. It was last opened on 12 Sept 08.
• Kerem Shalom crossing was open on eleven days compared to thirteen days during the previous reporting period. A total of 1,071.5 truckloads of goods, including 679.5 for humanitarian aid agencies, were allowed in, compared to 1,100.5 reported during the previous reporting period.
• Nahal Oz crossing was partially open on 10 out of 12 scheduled days compared to three days during the previous reporting period. No petrol or diesel for public use was allowed entry. However 391,300 liters of diesel were allowed entry for UNRWA. 1,209 tonnes of cooking gas (121 tonnes/day – 35% of the actual need) and 3,317,750 liters of industrial gas for the power plant (331,775 lit/ day – 54% of the actual need) were allowed entry.
• Of note: Overall, 1,877 truckloads, including 784 truckloads from humanitarian agencies (including 104 through Rafah crossing), were allowed entry to Gaza during this period, compared to 1,481.5 truckloads allowed in during the previous reporting period.
1 The United Nations, through the OCHA oPt office, has assumed reporting responsibilities on the implementation of the AMA since April 2006.
2 The AMA was negotiated by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority to promote peaceful economic development and improve the humanitarian situation on the ground. It represents the commitments of both the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority to facilitate access and movement into/out and throughout the West Bank and Gaza Strip.