OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem

Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841

ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org


Protection of Civilians – Weekly Briefing Notes

7 – 13 September 2005

Protection – Deaths and injuries . Shelter and Property – People displaced, House demolitions, Demolition orders . Natural Resources – Land levelling, Requisitions, Tree Uprooting . Restrictions on Medical Assistance – Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations . Access and Movement for Civilians – Curfews, Access to education, Access to employment, Closures/Movement restrictions . Additional Protection Issues

Of note this week:

• The withdrawal of Israeli soldiers resulted in a major improvement in internal access throughout the Gaza Strip, in particular the enclaves of As Seafa, Al Mawasi, Al Ma’ani, Abu Nahia and Abu al Ajin.

1. Physical Protection1

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1 The figures include two Israeli injuries resulting from IDF gunfire.

Casualty Incidents Include:

 7 September: One Palestinian was killed and three were injured when the IDF opened fire in their direction near the evacuated Israeli settlement of Neve Dekalim, the Gaza Strip.

7 September: One Israeli contractor was injured by shrapnel from a grenade thrown by Palestinians near Salah Ed-Din gate along the Philadelphi route border with Egypt in the Gaza Strip.

8 September: IDF soldiers injured one Palestinian male at Qalandiya checkpoint, near Jerusalem.

8 September: IDF soldiers injured a 16-year-old Palestinian resident of H2 area, Hebron city.

8 September: One Palestinian was killed when the IDF opened fire as he approached the evacuated Israeli settlements of Slaw and Atsmona in the Gaza Strip.

8 September: One Palestinian was injured when the IDF opened fire near Salah Ed-Din gate along the Philadelphi route border with Egypt in the Gaza Strip.

9 September: One Palestinian with an intellectual disability was injured when the IDF opened fire as he approached Abu Holi checkpoint in the Gaza Strip.

9 September: IDF clashed with residents and international and Israeli activists after they entered Bil’in, Ramallah. The IDF fired tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets. Seven Palestinians and two Israeli activists were injured.

10 September: IDF clashed with Palestinian stone throwers after they entered Beit Furik village, Nablus. A 17-year-old Palestinian was injured.

10 September: Two Israelis were injured after Palestinians threw stones at them in the Silwan area of East Jerusalem.

11 September: Seven Palestinians were injured, one of them seriously, when the IDF opened fire as they attempted to enter the evacuated Israeli settlement of Neve Dekalim in the Gaza Strip.

12 September: A 14-year-old Palestinian boy was injured after the IDF stationed at the new border fence north of Beit Lahia, the Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of Palestinian approaching the fence.

12 September: IDF soldiers injured a Palestinian shepherd near Fasayil, Jericho.

12 September: One Palestinian member of the Security Forces was injured when IDF opened fire at PA Security Forces attempting to enter Kfar Darom settlement in the Gaza Strip, before the completion of the IDF withdrawal from the settlement.

13 September: Clashes erupted between IDF soldiers and residents of Taffuh village when the IDF deployed a flying checkpoint in the village. One 19-year-old Palestinian was killed and five Palestinians injured.

2. Shelter and Property

Incidents:
8 September: The IDF demolished five structures in Furush Beit Dajan village, Nablus, stating that they were built without permits. The structures were shelter for 33 people.
 8 September: The IDF demolished 14 structures in Fayasil and al Jiftlik, Jericho, stating that that were built without permits. The ICRC had provided the shelters. The structures were shelter to 89 people.
11 September: The IDF demolished one tent which belonged to a Palestinian family from the Al Khadr village, Bethlehem, and was being used as a pottery shop. The IDF stated that it demolished the structure after it was built without a permit.
11 September: During the demolition of Israeli structures in the evacuated Kfar Darom settlement two Palestinian houses were demolished and another three damaged in Al Ma’ani area adjacent to the settlement. The structures were shelter to seven people.

Other shelter/property related incidents
12 September: The IDF occupied three houses in H2 area of Hebron city which were inhabited by 25 people. The houses were occupied for a period of 24 hours. In each house the soldiers kept the residents in one room and restricted their movement.

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting2

Nablus and Jenin Governorates:

• No incidents to report.

Tubas Governorate:

12 September: A requisition order T/162/05 was found near Bardala village confiscating 1.3 dunums (0.13 hectares) of land near Road 90 for construction of an observation tower.

Tulkarm Governorate:

12 September: The IDF uprooted several olive trees on land belonging to Palestinians from Kafr al Labad for the construction of a fence around the Avnei Khefets settlement.

• Ongoing incidents:

– Land levelling around Avnei Khefets settlement continues for the construction of a new fence around the settlement.

Qalqiliya Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– The IDF continued levelling land near Immatin village and between ‘Azzun and Kafr Thulth for the construction of the Barrier.

Salfit Governorate:

12 September: The Israeli Archaeological Authority levelled land and uprooted about 60 olive trees near Deir Ballut in search for archaeological artefacts in the area.

• Ongoing incidents:

– Israeli contractors continued levelling land north of Salfit city, Iskaka and Deir Istiya villages and south of Marda and Kifl Haris villages around Ari’el settlement and near Az Zawiya village for Barrier construction.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– Land levelling for Barrier construction continues between Budrus to the south of al Midya, and between Kharbatha Bani Harith, Bil’in and Saffa villages (all west Ramallah). Land levelling for Barrier construction also continues between Beituniya and Beit ‘Ur al Fauqa, between At Tira and Beit Duqqu and south of Beit Liqya and north and south of Rantis checkpoint.

Hebron Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– Land levelling for Barrier construction continues along the southern section of the Green Line, east of Shani settlement and on the western side of Idhna. Barrier construction has reached Al Burj village on the western side.

Bethlehem Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– Construction of the Barrier is ongoing in Khallet an Nu’man. Construction on Za’tara bypass road reached the Israeli settlement of Tko’a from the south and Khallet an Nu’man from the north.
– Land levelling and housing construction continues in the settlements of northern Efrat, western Neve Daniel, Giv’at Ha Tamar, El’azara, Har Gilo and Betar Illit B.

Jerusalem Governorate:

11 September: Three military requisition orders, T/93, T/94 and T/95/04, were issued for an adjustment to the Barrier route in the planned Bir Nabala enclave. A total of 222 dunums (22.2 hectares) of land was requisitioned: Beit Ijza (144 dunums, 14.4 hectares), Beit Duqqu (22 dunums, 2.2 hectares) and Al Jib (56 dunums, 5.6 hectares).

• Ongoing incidents:

– The IDF continued levelling land between Har Adar settlement and Beit Surik. Levelling also continues in the area between Qatanna and Kharayib Umm al Lahim villages, between Beit Ijza and Biddu and between Biddu and Beit Iksa villages.
– Construction of the Barrier continued along Road 60 between Qalandiya and Ar-Ram checkpoints. Land levelling to construct a new checkpoint/terminal located south of the current checkpoint is also ongoing.
– Construction and land levelling continued east and west of Qalandiya checkpoint for construction of DCL offices, a parking lot and a road.
– Land levelling and construction of the Barrier continued alongside the road between Jaba’, Hizma and Anata.
– Land levelling is ongoing near the Coptic housing project and in Wadi Ayyad near Neve Yaakov settlement, as well as on the northern side of ‘Anata town.
– Barrier construction is ongoing on the eastern and southern sides of the Sheikh Sa’d village and in the village.

Jericho Governorate:

• No incidents to report.

The Gaza Strip:

• No incidents to report.

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2 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare

4. Access for Medical Assistance

West Bank:

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3 There were no incidents reported by PRCS between 07 – 09 September. Figures are currently unavailable for the reporting period between 10 – 13 September.

5. Access and Movement for Civilians

a) Curfew

7 September: The IDF imposed a curfew for 12 hours in Kafr Qaddum village, Qalqiliya, during a search campaign.

9 September: The IDF imposed a curfew for three hours in Bil’in, Ramallah, and announced the village as a closed military area.

12 September: The IDF imposed a curfew for five hours on Tell village, Nablus, during a search campaign.

b) Access to Education

Hebron:

7 & 8 September: IDF soldiers at Beit Yatir checkpoint denied school teachers attempting to reach the Imneizil elementary school access and detained them for several hours. The teachers were sent back for not having the proper permits to reach the Palestinian village of Imneizil. As a result the school was closed for two days.

10 September: Teachers and students from Cordoba elementary school were attacked by group of settlers from the Israeli settlement of Beit Hadassah in H2 area, Hebron city. The settlers threw stones and empty bottles towards the Palestinian students.

11 September: Teachers and students from Cordoba elementary school refused to pass through the metal detector machine which was deployed near their school two weeks ago. The IDF soldiers denied their access temporarily and the school started two hours late.

• Ongoing incidents:

– The IDF continues to escort Palestinian students walking from Tuba to their school in At Tuwani, south Hebron Governorate. The escort is taking place to protect the students from potential attacks carried by Israeli settlers from Ma’on settlement.
– Children attending the Al Ibrahimmiyye primary school in the Old City of Hebron who approach it from the south have to pass through new metal detector gates set up by the IDF north of the Abu Rish Mosque.

c) Access to Employment

West Bank:

September (As of 13 September):

The Gaza Strip:

As of 9 September, the total number of Gaza Strip workers permits was 278 including 124 with overnight stay; 205 permits were issued to Erez Industrial Estate workers. All workers must be 35 or older and married with children. Overnight stay permits are only issued for workers aged 40 and older.

d) Closures/Movement restrictions

Israeli restrictions during the evacuation of four settlements in the northern West Bank continued to affect access for some Palestinians in the West Bank, particularly in Nablus and Jenin. Movement restrictions are still in place on Road 60 from Shave Shomeron settlement to Araba junction, on Road 585 from Araba junction to Quffin entrance and on the section of Road 60 from Kadim and Gamin settlements to Jalama Barrier gate.

Nablus Governorate:

21 August to date: All the entrances connecting Sabastiya village with Road 60 are blocked by earth mounds.

 7 September: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for approximately two hours after the IDF found an explosive device near the checkpoint.

9 September: Two Palestinians from Beit Furik were caught and fined in Khirbet Tana village.  The IDF told the two Palestinians that the area is a closed military area as of 9 of September.

10 September: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for approximately 90 minutes after two pipe bombs were found near the checkpoint.

• Ongoing incidents:

– Shave Shomeron checkpoint remains closed.

Jenin Governorate:

21 August to date: The IDF closed all the entrances to Ya’bad village with road blocks and earth mounds. Only one alternative road is open towards Jenin city through Kufeirit village.

21 August to date: The IDF closed Road 585 from Arraba junction to Qaffin junction with three checkpoints preventing Palestinians from travelling on the road. Palestinians are using alternative dirt roads to reach Jenin city.

21 August to date: The IDF closed Road 60 between Khomesh settlement entrance and Shave Shomeron settlement entrance.

7 September: The IDF forced three Palestinian males to take off their clothes at a flying checkpoint between Arraba and Bir al Basha villages. The IDF searched the vehicle that the Palestinians were driving using a remote controlled robot. A complaint was made to the Israeli DCL.

Tubas Governorate:

• No major incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– The IDF continues to prevent Palestinians with Israeli IDs from entering Palestinian controlled areas unless they have relatives living in Tulkarm.
– The ‘Anabta gate remained closed for Palestinian vehicular movement.

Qalqiliya Governorate:

7 September: Children living in Ras Tira, Ad Dab’a, Wadi Ar Rasha, Ramadin and Arab Abu Farda (inside Alfei Menashe enclave) were not allowed to enter the enclave through Ras ‘Atiya gate unless they are accompanied by one of their parents and holding their certificates of birth.

Salfit Governorate:

• No major incidents to report.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– Temporary vehicular and pedestrian arrangements are now in place at Qalandiya checkpoint while new construction there continues. The main road through the old checkpoint is now closed by a roadblock. Traffic is being rerouted to a new road to the east that joins the main road between Qalandiya and Jaba'. A temporary fenced walkway is in place for pedestrians.

Jerusalem Governorate:

• No major incidents to report.

Jericho Governorate:

9 September: Al ‘Auja partial checkpoint was operating in the evening hours.

• Ongoing incidents:

– Palestinian West Bank residents from areas outside of the Jericho Governorate are denied access at Yitav checkpoint near Road 449, north of Jericho. Jericho residents can cross the checkpoint from south to north to go to Al Auja. Travel on Road 90 north of Al Auja is not allowed unless Palestinians have a special permit from the IDF. Residents from approximately five Palestinian villages in the north of Jericho District are allowed to travel on Road 90 north of Yitav checkpoint without a permit.

Hebron Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– In Imneizil the construction of the Barrier continues to close the main road which leads to the village and people are still using difficult and insecure roads to enter the village elsewhere.
– The IDF continues to patrol the area of H1 of Hebron city and to perform random checks on Palestinians in violation of the Hebron Protocol.

Bethlehem Governorate:

• Ongoing incidents:

– The alternative secondary access road which was created by the IDF for the people from the village of An Nu’man has deteriorated and become difficult to use.

West Bank: Reported flying checkpoints

The Gaza Strip and the enclosed areas:

 12 September: All Gaza enclaves (As Seafa, Al Mawassi, Al Ma’ani, Abu Nahia and Abu al Ajin area) and internal crossing points were re-opened following the Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.

6. Additional Protection Issues

• During the week, a total of five homemade rockets, mortar shells and anti tank missiles were fired from different locations inside the Gaza Strip toward Israeli-controlled areas and nearby Israeli towns, IDF installations and Karni.

7 September: Mousa Arafat, a senior figure in Gaza, was killed and three of his bodyguards injured following an attack by Palestinian militants against his house in Gaza city. These figures were not included in Section 1.

10 September: An Italian journalist was kidnapped by Palestinians in Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip. He was released after four hours.

11 September: Israeli security forces arrested 50 Palestinian West Bankers not holding permits for entry to Jerusalem.

Searches/Arrests/Detentions