About Us

Major Groups








UN DESA |  UN Economic and Social Development | Contact Us |  FAQs |  Site Index | Site Map |  Search


   Working List of Indicators of Sustainable Development

Chapter 3: Combating poverty -Unemployment rate -Head count index of poverty
-Poverty gap index
-Squared poverty gap index
-Gini index of income inequality
-Ratio of average female wage to male wage
Chapter 5: Demographic dynamics and sustainability -Population growth rate
-Net migration rate
-Total fertility rate
-Population density  
Chapter 36: Promoting education, public awareness and training


-Rate of change of
school-age population
-Primary school enrolment ratio (gross and net)
-Secondary school
enrolment ratio (gross and net)
-Adult literacy rate
-Children reaching grade 5 of primary education
-School life expectancy
-Difference between male and female school enrolment ratios
-Women per hundred men in the labour force
-GDP spent on education
Chapter 6: Protecting and promoting human health   -Basic sanitation: Percent of population with adequate excreta disposal facilities
-Access to safe drinking
-Life expectancy at birth
-Adequate birth weight
-Infant mortality rate
-Maternal mortality rate
-Nutritional status of children
-Immunization against infectious childhood diseases
-Contraceptive prevalence
-Proportion of potentially hazardous chemicals monitored in food
-National health expenditure devoted to local health care
-Total national health expenditure related to GNP
Chapter 7: Promoting sustainable human settlement development -Rate of growth of urban population
-Per capita consumption of fossil fuel by motor vehicle transport
-Human and economic loss due to natural disasters
-Percent of population in urban areas
-Area and population of urban formal and informal settlements
-Floor area per person
-House price to income ratio
-Infrastructure expenditure per capita
Chapter 2: International cooperation to accelerate sustainable development in countries and related domestic policies -GDP per capita
-Net investment share in GDP
-Sum of exports and imports as a percent of GDP
-Environmentally adjusted
Net Domestic Product
-Share of manufactured goods in total merchandise exports
Chapter 4: Changing consumption patterns -Annual energy consumption
-Share of natural-resource intensive industries in manufacturing value-added
-Proven mineral reserves
-Proven fossil fuel energy reserves
-Lifetime of proven energy reserves
-Intensity of material use
-Share of manufacturing value-added in GDP
-Share of consumption of renewable energy resources
Chapter 33: Financial resources and mechanisms -Net resources transfer / GNP
-Total ODA given or received as a percentage of GNP
-Debt / GNP
-Debt service / export
-Environmental protection expenditures as a percent of GDP
-Amount of new or additional funding for sustainable development
Chapter 34: Transfer of environmentally sound technology, cooperation and capacity-building -Capital goods imports
-Foreign direct investments
-Share of environmentally sound capital goods imports -Technical cooperation grants
Chapter 18: Protection of the quality and supply of freshwater resources -Annual withdrawals of ground and surface water
-Domestic consumption of water per capita
-Groundwater reserves
-Concentration of faecal coliform in freshwater
-Biochemical oxygen demand in water bodies
-Waste-water treatment coverage
-Density of hydrological networks
Chapter 17: Protection of the oceans, all kinds of seas and coastal areas -Population growth in coastal areas
-Discharges of oil into coastal waters
-Releases of nitrogen and phosphorus to coastal waters
-Maximum sustained yield for fisheries
-Algae index
Chapter 10: Integrated approach to the planning and management of land resources -Land use change -Changes in land condition -Decentralized local-level natural resource management
Chapter 12: Managing fragile ecosystems: combating desertification and drought -Population living below poverty line in dryland areas


-National monthly rainfall index
-Satellite derived vegetation index
-Land affected by desertification
Chapter 13: Managing fragile ecosystems: sustainable mountain development -Population change in mountain areas -Sustainable use of natural resources in mountain areas
-Welfare of mountain populations
Chapter 14: Promoting sustainable agriculture and rural development -Use of agricultural pesticides
-Use of fertilizers
-Irrigation percent of arable land
-Energy use in agriculture
-Arable land per capita
-Area affected by salinization and waterlogging
-Agricultural education
Chapter 11 : Combating deforestation -Wood harvesting intensity -Forest area change -Managed forest area ratio
-Protected forest area as a percent of total forest area
Chapter 15: Conservation of biological diversity   -Threatened species as a percent of total native species -Protected area as a percent of total area
Chapter 16: Environmentally sound management of biotechnology     -R & D expenditure for biotechnology
-Existence of national biosafety regulations or guidelines
Chapter 9: Protection of the atmosphere -Emissions of greenhouse gasses
-Emissions of sulphur oxides
-Emissions on nitrogen oxides
-Consumption of ozone depleting substances
-Ambient concentrations of pollutants in urban areas -Expenditure on air pollution abatement
Chapter 21: Environmentally sound management of solid wastes and sewage-related issues -Generation of industrial and municipal solid waste
-Household waste disposed per capita
  -Expenditure on waste management
-Waste recycling and reuse
-Municipal waste disposal
Chapter 19: Environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals   -Chemically induced acute poisonings -Number of chemicals banned or severely restricted
Chapter 20: Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes -Generation of hazardous wastes
-Imports and exports of hazardous wastes
-Area of land contaminated
by hazardous wastes
-Expenditure on hazardous waste treatment
Chapter 22: Safe and environmentally sound management of radioactive wastes -Generation of radioactive wastes    
Chapter 8: Integrating environment and development in decision-making     -Sustainable development strategies
-Programme of integrated environmental and economic accounting
-Mandated Environmental Impact Assessment
-National councils for sustainable development
Chapter 35: Science for sustainable development   -Potential scientists and engineers per million population -Scientists and engineers engaged in R & D per million population
-Expenditure on R & D as a percent of GDP
Chapter 37: National mechanisms and international cooperation for capacity-building in developing countries      
Chapter 38: International institutional arrangements      
Chapter 39: International legal instruments and mechanisms     -Ratification of global agreements
-Implementation of ratified global agreements
Chapter 40: Information for decision-making   -Main telephone lines per 100 inhabitants
-Access to information
-Programmes for national environmental statistics
Chapter 23-32: Strengthening the role of major groups     -Representation of major groups in national councils for sustainable development
-Representatives of ethnic minorities and indigenous people in national councils for sustainable development
-Contribution of NGOs to sustainable development




Copyright © United Nations |  Terms of Use | Privacy Notice
Comments and suggestions
15 December 2004