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Part III. The Regional Human Rights System

When domestic institutions fail to uphold the law and are in some cases the violators of law, it may be possible or necessary to seek redress beyond national boundaries. In order to achieve an effective improvement in the exercise of the rights of disabled persons, it is important to understand the regional and international mechanisms that exist and the remedies they provide.

Legal provisions at the regional level are generally created according to the rules on treaty making in public international law as laid down in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. For those States who are not Parties to the Convention, the substantive rules embodied in the Convention may be applicable as part of customary law.

The World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons paragraph 34 states that "…the regional commissions of the United Nations and other regional bodies should encourage regional and sub-regional co-operation in the area of prevention of disability, rehabilitation of disabled persons and equalisation of opportunities."


PART I. National Frameworks for the Protection of Rights of Persons with Disabilities
PART II. The International Human Rights System
PART III. The Regional Human Rights System
1. Europe
1.1 The Council of Europe - instruments
1.2 The Council of Europe - remedies under the European conventions
1.3 The Economic Commission fo Europe
1.4 The European Union
2. The Americas
2.1 The Inter American Convention on human Rights
2.2 The Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities
2.3 The Inter American Commission on Human Rights
2.4 The Inter American Court of human Rights
3. Africa
3.1 African Human Rights Instruments
3.2 African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
3.3 Africa Decade of Disabled Persons (2000-2009)
4. Asia
4.1 Regional seminars and meetings
4.2 Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities (1993-2002)
5. Other Regional Organizations
5.1 The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
5.2 The Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
5.3 The Economic Commission for Africa
5.4 The Economic Commission for Latin America
PART IV. Towards a Rights Based Perspective on Disability
PART V. Rights of Special Groups with Disabilities

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