22nd Special Session of the General Assembly : Small Island Developing States
27-28 September 1999, New York
A review and appraisal, five years after Barbados
Five years after the 1994 Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, the 22nd Special Session of the UN General Assembly was held in September 1999, to review and appraise the implementation of the .
The Special Session adopted a , which set forth recommendations for action in priority areas requiring urgent action.
Six priority problem areas were identified in need of urgent attention over the following five years:
Climate change (adapting to climate change and rising sea levels, which could submerge some low-lying island nations);
Natural and environmental disasters and climate variability (improving preparedness for and recovery from natural and environmental disasters);
Freshwater resources (preventing worsening shortages of freshwater as demand grows);
Coastal and marine resources (protecting coastal ecosystems and coral reefs from pollution and over-fishing);
Energy (developing solar and renewable energy to lessen dependence on expensive imported oil);
Tourism (managing tourism growth to protect the environment and cultural integrity).
The General Assembly adopted a in which Member States reaffirmed the principles of and their commitments to sustainable development. The Declaration called on the international community to provide effective means, including financial resources to support the sustainable development efforts of SIDS. It also called on the Secretary-General to improve the existing institutional arrangements in the UN so that the UN system may become more proactive in promoting and assisting sustainable development in small island developing states.