Expert group meeting on the review and appraisal of the programme of action of the international conference on population and development and its contribution to the follow-up and review of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development

New York

Date: 
01 November 2018 to 02 November 2018

Overview

The adoption of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo, Egypt in 1994, represented a fundamental shift in population and development, moving population policies and programmes from demographic targets towards a people-centred approach, grounded in the respect for human rights and a strong emphasis on environmental sustainability. Subsequently, the Millennium Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development integrated many goals and objectives of the ICPD Programme of Action.

While important progress has been made, considerable gaps still exist in the implementation of different areas of the Programme of Action. In 2010, the General Assembly decided to extend the Programme of Action beyond 2014 with a view to fully meeting its goals and objectives (A/RES/65/234). In 2014, the Secretary-General reported that progress in implementing the goals and objectives of the Programme of Action had been unequal and fragmented and that new challenges, realities and opportunities had emerged since its adoption (E/CN.9/2014/4). The General Assembly held a special session in September 2014 to assess the status of implementation of the Programme of Action and to renew political support for actions required for the full achievement of its goals and objectives.

The Commission on Population and Development (CPD), at its fifty-second session in 2019, will carry out a review and appraisal of the ICPD Programme of Action and its contribution to the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda. The timing of this appraisal, 25 years after “Cairo”, is consistent with the five-year cycle of review of the status of implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action carried out by the CPD in 2004, 2009 and 2014, respectively.In preparation for the fifty-second session of the CPD, the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs will convene an expert group meeting. The meeting will examine progress and gaps in implementing the goals and objectives set out in the ICPD Programme of Action and explore the potential implications of future de

Demographic trends for the full implementation of the Programme, and discuss the contribution of the ICPD Programme of Action to the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda. The meeting will also examine progress in measuring sustainable development indicators related to population.


Documents

Organization of work

Thursday, 1 November 2018

10:00 - 10:10

Opening session
  • John Wilmoth, Population Division 

10.10 - 10:50 

Session I: Setting the stage

 

The session will provide an overview of major demographic trends that are relevant for assessing the status of implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). Presenters will examine demographic “megatrends” that are likely to impact the future implementation of the Programme of Action and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They will highlight challenges and issues that will affect the implementation of Programme of Action as well as the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets. The session will also discuss how the Programme and Action and the 2030 Agenda can help address population-related challenges and issues. 

  • Frank Swiaczny, Population Division [presentation]

  • Benoit Kalasa, United Nations Population Fund, UNFPA [presentation]


    Moderator: John Wilmoth, Population Division

10.50 - 13.00    

 

 

Session II: Fertility, reproductive health and population change

The panel will assess progress and identify challenges in protecting and fulfilling the reproductive rights of couples and individuals. Panellists will identify best practices to achieve universal access to reproductive health care and services. The panellists will examine the linkages between sexual and reproductive health, reproductive rights and population dynamics, and will highlight the role of such linkages in implementing the Programme of Action and the 2030 Agenda.

  • Suzana Cavenaghi, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics [paper] [presentation]

  • Ann Biddlecom, Guttmacher Institute [paper] presentation]


    Moderator: Karoline Schmid, Population Division


The panel will focus on policy responses to high and low fertility in the context of implementing the ICPD Programme of Action and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Panellists will review best practices for improving maternal health, providing access to contraception and preventing unintended pregnancies. The panel will highlight the role of reproductive health, education and women’s empowerment in reducing fertility. Panellists will also reflect on policy interventions in high- and middle-income countries to address the challenges and to benefit from the opportunities presented by low fertility and population ageing.

15.00–18.00

Session III: Health, mortality and older persons

The panel will focus on active and healthy ageing. Panellists will discuss the implications of a decline in the working-age population in some countries for achieving productive employment and decent work for all. They will review emerging needs and support mechanisms for ageing populations and discuss how to achieve greater equity in access to health services.

The panel will also discuss the global health transition with a focus on developing countries. It will examine progress in improving health and reducing mortality since the adoption of the ICPD Programme of Action and will assess how future health challenges will differ from those in the recent past. Panellists will discuss the challenges and opportunities for achieving further gains in child survival and reductions in preventable adult mortality.

  • David Baxter, Baxter Consulting Group [paper] [presentation]

  • Nyovani Madise, African Institute for Development Policy

  • Prabhat Jha, University of Toronto


    Discussant: Patrick Gerland, Population Division


    Moderator: Victor Gaigbe-Togbe, Population Division 


The panel will discuss the global health transition with a focus on developing countries. It will examine progress in improving health and reducing mortality since the adoption of the ICPD Programme of Action and will assess how future health challenges will differ from those in the recent past. Panellists will discuss the challenges and opportunities for achieving further gains in child survival and reductions in preventable adult mortality.


  • Prabha Jha, University of Toronto [presentation]

  • Nyovani Madise, African Institute for Development Policy [presentation]


    Moderator: Patrick Gerland, Population Division

 

Friday, 2 November 2018

10:00 - 12:00

 

Session IV: Urbanisation, internal and international migration

This session focuses on urbanization, internal migration and international migration in the context of sustainable development. Panellists will discuss the role of migration in urbanization and highlight key challenges in promoting sustainable urbanization in developing countries. Panellists will also discuss the linkages between migration and development and assess the demographic impact of migration.

 

12.00 – 13.00

Session V: Measuring population-related SDGs and targets

This session will assess progress made in developing and measuring SDG indicators related to population and will identify opportunities and limitations of using the SDG indicator framework for monitoring progress in the further implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action. The session will also address the challenge of identifying a subset of “population-related” targets of the SDGs, in order to provide guidance to the Commission on Population and Development in fulfilling its mandate to offer recommendations based on a solid, evidence-based review of progress on the 2030 Agenda in the Commission’s area of work.

  • John Wilmoth, Population Division

  • Sikufele Mubita, Central Statistical Office of Zambia [paper] [presentation]


    Moderator: Alex Ezeh, Drexel University

 

15.00 –16.30

 

Session VI: Implementing the Programme of Action and the 2030 Agenda

This panel discussion will focus on cross-cutting issues that are key for the further implementation of the Programme of Action and the 2030 Agenda. Panellists will discuss the role of civil society and private foundations in achieving population-related Goals and targets as well as their contributions to capacity building, including through South-South cooperation. Panellists will also discuss ways and means of communicating policy-relevant findings about demography and population dynamics.


  • Win Brown, Bill and  Melinda Gates Foundation

  • Alex Ezeh, Drexel University

  • Hongtao Hu, Partners in Population and Development [paper] [presentation]

  • Nyovani Madise, African Institute for Development Policy [presentation]

  • Barbara Sow, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)


    Moderator: Vladimira Kantorova, Population Division

 

16.30–17.50

Session VII: Conclusions and way forward

The roundtable will discuss the main findings of the expert group meeting and formulate a set of practical recommendations. The roundtable will also identify knowledge gaps and propose ways and means of addressing these gaps.

        Moderator: Jorge Bravo, Population Division

 

17.50–18.00    

Closing session

  • John Wilmoth, Population Division

 

Selected background documents*

A. Intergovernmental texts

General Assembly

 

Economic and Social Council/Commission on Population and Development

 

B. Reports of the Secretary-General

  • Framework of action for the follow-up to the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development beyond 2014 (E/CN.9/2014/4)

  • Integrating population issues into sustainable development, including in the post-2015 development agenda  (Ar) (Ch) (En) (Fr) (Ru) (Sp)

  • Monitoring of population programmes, focusing on integrating population issues into sustainable development, including in the post-2015 development agenda (E/CN.9/2015/4)

 

C. Population Division publications