The Security Council recognized in resolution 1540 (2004) that some States may require assistance in its implementation and invited States in a position to do so to offer assistance in response to requests by States. In resolution 1810 (2008), the Council urged the Committee to continue strengthening its role in facilitating assistance, including by engaging in matching offers and requests for assistance, thereby establishing its “matchmaking” role. The Committee took up this role by matching assistance requests from States seeking assistance with offers from States or international, regional or subregional organisations in a position to provide assistance.
Several relevant international organizations have integrated the objectives of resolution 1540 (2004) into their assistance efforts. The Committee notes in particular that the assistance programmes of IAEA, OPCW, the implementation support unit of the Biological Weapons Convention, INTERPOL, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the World Customs Organization (WCO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Union and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime contribute to or complement the overarching framework or objectives of resolution 1540 (2004). Furthermore resolution 2325 urges States as well as relevant international, regional and subregional organizations to inform the 1540 Committee, as appropriate, of areas in which they are able to provide assistance, and calls upon them to provide the Committee with information on their ongoing assistance programmes relevant to resolution 1540 (2004). Although the 1540 Committee itself does not provide assistance besides its clearinghouse role to facilitate assistance by others, the Group of Experts provides assistance directly, with the approval of the Committee, on certain issues such as on the development of National Implementation Action Plans and reporting. In resolution 1977 (2011), the Committee recognized means such as visits to States as a way to support its “matchmaking” efforts. The Security Council also directs the Committee in resolution 2325 (2016), to, when possible, provide States, upon their request with assistance that in the formulation of assistance requests.
In this context resolution 2325 (2016) acknowledged the importance of voluntary contributions made in the field of assistance by Member States and international, regional and subregional organizations and encourages States to contribute funds, on a voluntary basis, to finance projects and activities, including through the United Nations Trust Fund for Global and Regional Disarmament Activities, to assist States in implementing their obligations under resolution 1540 (2004), including for implementing projects in response to assistance requests submitted directly by States to the Committee.
Pursuant to paragraph 20 of resolution 2325 (2016), which urges the Committee inter alia to further strengthen its role in facilitating assistance and pursuant to paragraph 21 and 22 to consider options for developing assistance projects together with international, regional or subregional organizations in response to assistance needs the Committee decided in its 16th Programme of Work, that its working group on assistance will focus on the Committee’s assistance mechanisms to find ways of developing even more effective matching strategies as well as to consider, in general, how to improve the facilitation of technical assistance to States. This process is under way with various actions planned.