DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
- Despite the pledges by G20 members to resist protectionist measures initiated as a result of the global financial crisis, only a small percentage of trade restrictions introduced since the end of 2008 have been eliminated. The protectionist measures taken so far have affected almost 3 per cent of global trade.
Address the special needs of least developed countries
- Tariffs imposed by developed countries on products from developing countries have remained largely unchanged since 2004, except for agricultural products.
- Bilateral aid to sub-Saharan Africa fell by almost 1 per cent in 2011.
- There has been some success of debt relief initiatives reducing the external debt of heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) but 20 developing countries remain at high risk of debt distress.
Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
- Aid to landlocked developing countries fell in 2010 for the first time in a decade, while aid to small island developing States increased substantially.
Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
- At this time, it appears developing countries weathered the 2009 economic downtown and in 2011 the debt to GDP ratio decreased for many developing countries. Vulnerabilities remain. Expected slower growth in 2012 and 2013 may weaken debt ratios.
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
- Resources available for providing essential medicines through some disease-specific global health funds increased in 2011, despite the global economic downturn.
- There has been little improvement in recent years in improving availability and affordability of essential medicines in developing countries.
In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
- 77 per cent of inhabitants of developed countries are Internet users, compared with only 31 per cent of inhabitants in developing countries.
- The number of mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide by the end of 2011 reached 6 billion.
Monitoring aid delivery
- The Integrated Implementation Framework (IIF) was developed to record and monitor financial as well as policy commitments made in support of the MDGs by UN Member States and other international stakeholders.
MDG 8 Infographic