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In Larger Freedom
Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for decision
by Heads of State and Government in September 2005

In Larger Freedom, Towards Security, Human Rights and Development for All - Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for decision by Heads of State and Government in September 2005

In 2005, Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented a five-year progress report on the implementation of the Millennium Declaration of 2000 that had been requested of him by the UN General Assembly. His report was given to the General Assembly six months before the World Summit meeting of 2005, so governments would have time to consider it before the Summit.

The report was divided into four main sections.

The first three set out priorities for action in the fields of development, security and human rights. The last dealt with global institutions – mainly the United Nations itself.

The first part, “Freedom from Want”, asked every developing country to adopt a comprehensive national strategy to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The report also asked every developed country to support these strategies, by increasing the amount it spends on development and debt relief. It also asked Member States to agree that scientific advances and technological innovation must be mobilised to develop tools for mitigating climate change, and that a more inclusive international framework must be developed for stabilising greenhouse gas emissions beyond 2012. The report also requested the setting up a $1 billion voluntary fund to allow us to bring rapid and effective relief to the victims of sudden disasters, whether natural or man-made.

The second part of the report, “Freedom from Fear”, asked all states to agree on a new security consensus, and asked Member States to agree to establish a Peacebuilding Commission.

The third part of the report, entitled “Freedom to Live in Dignity”, the report urged states to agree to strengthen the rule of law, human rights and democracy in concrete ways. In particular, to embrace the principle of the “Responsibility to Protect”, as a basis for collective action against genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity; and to agree to, and within their means contribute to, a Democracy Fund at the United Nations.

In the final part of the report, on “Strengthening the United Nations”, started with proposals for the revitalisation of the General Assembly, and to make the Security Council more broadly representative of the international community as a whole, as well as of the geopolitical realities of today. It also requested that the Economic and Social Council, to play a leading role in making and implementing coherent United Nations policies for development.

It also asked for the creation of a new Human Rights Council, and proposed reforms for the UN Secretariat.

In larger freedom: towards development, security and human rights for all

Executive Summary