The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) works with its 192 Member States and industry groups to develop and implement international civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies to prevent acts of unlawful interference against civl aviation operations, and to enhance global civil aviation security, passenger facilitation, and related border security matters.
United Nations Security Council resolution 2309 (2016) reaffirmed the role of ICAO as the United Nations agency responsible for developing international aviation security Standards, monitoring their implementation by States and assisting States in complying with these Standards.
In 2017, the ICAO Council approved in 2017 the Global Aviation Security Plan (GASeP) which provides the foundation for States, industry, stakeholders and ICAO to enhance aviation security worldwide and achieve five key priority outcomes. The GASeP presents an ambitious goal-based plan that commits ICAO, States and industry collectively to significantly improve aviation security by 2030, consistent with the direction provided by the 39th Session of the ICAO Assembly.
The 10th Edition of the ICAO Aviation Security Manual (Doc 8973 — Restricted) was published in January of this year. Of particular interest is the new and/or updated guidance material on the following subjects: security of landside areas of airports, staff screening and vehicle screening, and cyber threats to critical aviation systems.
To provide States with the most pertinent information on the threat-and-risk environment, ICAO publishes the Aviation Security Global Risk Context Statement on an annual basis.
Acknowledging the urgency and importance of protecting civil aviation’s critical infrastructure, information, and communication technology systems and data against cyber threats, the 39th Session of the ICAO Assembly called for a coordinated approach to achieve an acceptable and commensurate cyber resilience capability on a global scale. To that end, Resolution A39-19 — Addressing cybersecurity in civil aviation sets out the actions to be undertaken by States and other stakeholders to counter cyber threats to civil aviation through a cross cutting, horizontal and collaborative approach.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is helping to implement the Airport Communication Project, which aims to create secure, real-time operational communication between participating international airports in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean to disrupt the various manifestations of transnational organized crime and terrorism in international airports. The project helped the Sahel Joint Airport Interdiction Task Forces to intercept a number of foreign terrorist fighters travelling to and from armed conflict zones.
United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT/UNCCT)'s Aviation Security project was launched in July 2016, to address vulnerabilities pertaining to training and quality assurance in the aviation sector in Nigeria. A comprehensive training programme and regulatory framework was developed, consistent with internaitonal aviation security standards in the recruitment, vetting, training, mentorship and re-certification of screeners and related issues. UNOCT/UNCCT recently completed the Raising Awareness on Advance Passenger Information Project to strengthen border security management of Member States affected by FTFs.