“Will You Listen? Young Voices from Conflict Zones”, 2007 (UNFPA, UNICEF and Women’s Commission)
“Youth and Violent Conflict: Society and Development in Crisis?” (UNDP) 2006
“The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response” (UNICEF) 2005
“Guide to the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict” (UNICEF) 2003
Children and armed conflict: Report of the Secretary-General (A/65/820–S/2011/250), 2011, United Nations
The report examined armed conflicts occurred in 2010 in Afghanistan, Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Haiti, India, Iraq, Lebanon, Myanmar, Nepal, the occupied Palestinian territories and Israel, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, southern Thailand, Uganda and Yemen. The report provides information on grave violations committed against children, in particular the recruitment and use of children, the killing and maiming of children, rape and other sexual violence against children, the abduction of children, attacks on schools and hospitals, and the denial of humanitarian access to children by parties to armed conflict in contravention of applicable international law.
Children and armed conflict: Report of the Secretary-General (A/65/820–S/2011/250), 2013, United Nations
The report begins by describing a number of emerging challenges regarding the impact of the evolving nature of armed conflict. It also explores some additional tools to enforce compliance by armed forces and armed groups with child rights obligations and provides an update on cooperation with regional organizations. The report then continues by providing information on grave violations committed against children and progress made by parties on dialogue, action plans and other measures to halt and prevent such grave violations. Mali is a new situation covered in this reporting period, while Nepal and Sri Lanka are no longer included following the delisting of all parties within their territories in 2012. The report concludes with a series of recommendations to the Security Council.
Children and armed conflict: Report of the Secretary-General (A/65/820–S/2011/250), 2012, United Nations
The present report provides information on grave violations committed against children, in particular the recruitment and use of children, sexual violence against children, the killing and maiming of children, the abduction of children, attacks on schools and hospitals, and the denial of humanitarian access to children by parties to conflict in contravention of applicable international law. The report also describes progress made by parties to conflict on dialogue and action plans to halt the recruitment and use of children, sexual violence against children and the killing and maiming of children, as well as on the release of children associated with armed forces and armed groups. The report furthermore includes updates on the implementation of specific requests by the Security Council in follow-up of resolution 1998 (2011). The report concludes by outlining a series of recommendations.
Report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (A/67/256, United Nations) 2012
Covering the period from August 2011 to August 2012, the report provides an overview of progress on the children and armed conflict agenda, followed by an account of new developments. It also details progress made over the past year, including in efforts to combat impunity and to end the recruitment and use of children; the identification of good practices in the monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children; steps taken towards universal ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict; the mainstreaming of child protection within the United Nations system; collaboration with child protection partners; and awareness-raising. The report highlights emerging issues of concern and opportunities for ensuring the protection of conflict-affected children, focusing on three themes: the prevention of recruitment and use of children by armed forces and groups; the development of further cooperation with regional organizations on the children and armed conflict agenda; and the challenge posed by explosive weapons, in addition to possible avenues for tackling that challenge. The report concludes with a set of actionable recommendations on the protection of children affected by conflict for the attention of the General Assembly.
Children and Justice During and in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict (United Nations) 2011
In modern day warfare, children, both girls and boys, are increasingly becoming the subject of military recruitment, targeted attacks, and sexual violence. The diversity of armed groups and the widespread and easy availability of small arms and light weapons have led to the recruitment and use of hundreds of thousands of child soldiers around the world. Children as young as eight are drawn into violence for a variety of reasons. Some are used by their commanders as frontline combatants, while others carry out support functions. During armed conflicts, many children are forced to witness or to take part in horrifying acts of violence. They suffer from being orphaned, raped, maimed and manipulated to give expression to the hatred of adults.2 Many have lost their families, as well as education opportunities, a chance to enjoy their childhood, and to be part of a community.
Children affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence, (International Committee of the Red Cross) 2011
Armed conflict and other situations of violence take a heavy toll on children’s lives all over the world. This report sheds light on the different initiatives taken by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to reintegrate into society children associated with armed forces or armed groups, provide psychosocial support for children affected by violence, and prevent violence in urban settings. It also addresses cross-cutting issues, such as how to ensure youth participation in and local ownership of such initiatives.