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Earth Summit + 5
Earth Summit Plus 5 Special Session of the UN General Assembly
(23-27 June 1997, New York)

In 1992, more than 100 heads of state met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the first international Earth Summit convened to address urgent problems of environmental protection and socio-economic development. The assembled leaders signed the Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity, endorsed the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and the Forest Principles, and adopted Agenda 21, a 300 page plan for achieving sustainable development in the 21st century.

The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was then created to monitor and report on implementation of the Earth Summit agreements. It was agreed that a five year review of Earth Summit progress would be made in 1997 by the United Nations General Assembly meeting in special session.

"Earth Summit + 5" took stock of how well countries, international organizations and sectors of civil society had responded to the challenge of the Earth Summit, five years after it took place.

As the "Earth + 5" Summit ended, in concluding remarks, Secretary-General Kofi Annan said the special session had sought to deepen the commitments made at Rio. He said in many areas, much had been accomplished; but in others, more time would be needed.

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly:

Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change