Global Goal and Targets
Social partners tackling child labour
- There are good examples of trade unions and employers’ organizations playing a key role in the elimination of child labour in the rural sector.In India for example, in Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh, trade unions and their recently organized rural members are implementing the concept of child labour-free villages through dialogue with local leaders and employers. Many collective agreements are being concluded targeting child labour. Similarly, the Federation of Uganda Employers has set up child labour monitoring committees at the local level, including in the coffee, tea, rice and sugar sectors. Collaboration and alliances are also being formed between trade unions and representative organizations of indigenous people, especially in Latin America. In some countries this has led to the inclusion of indigenous organizations in national committees on the prevention and elimination of child labour.
The action plan proposes that the International Labour Organization and its member States continue to pursue the goal of the effective abolition of child labour by committing themselves to the elimination of all worst forms of child labour by 2016. The target of eliminating the worst forms of child labour by 2016 is an attainable one, based on the child labour trends highlighted in Part I of this Report. Furthermore, it would parallel and contribute to both the MDGs and the effective abolition of all forms of child labour, which is the fundamental goal of the ILO.
ILO action on the abolition of child labour has intensified over the last four years and significant advances have been made since the first Global Report on the subject. The challenge of the next four years will be for the ILO to work in a more focused and strategic way to act as the catalyst of a re-energized global alliance in support of national action to abolish child labour. This transformation in approach to global leadership will ensure that the ILO will contribute more effectively to consigning child labour to history.
The ILO promotes specific action on the following fronts:
- Universal ratification of the ILO child labour Conventions and all the ILO core Conventions.
- Ensuring a new focus on national policies and programmes to promote an integrated approach to all fundamental principles and rights at work.
- Broadening integrated area based approaches to tackle the root causes of child labour.
- Aligning the minimum age for admission to employment and the age for completion of compulsory schooling.
- Strengthening workplace safety and health for all workers, but with specific safeguards for children between the minimum age for admission to employment and the age of 18 by preparing and/or updating hazardous child labour lists.
- Promoting and strengthening the functioning of institutions and mechanisms aimed at monitoring the effective application and enforcement of fundamental rights at work including protection against child labour, (courts, tribunals, magistrates, labour inspectors and child labour monitoring).
- Continuing development of advocacy and strategic partnerships at international, national and community level and promoting the worldwide movement against child labour.
- Replicating and expanding good practices that have produced sustainable results.
Aligning the minimum age for admission to employment and the age for completion of compulsory schooling.
- Recent research suggests that only 60 per cent of States that have fixed both a minimum age of employment and age for the end of compulsory education have aligned the two ages.
Legislative action against trafficking has increased significantly. After the adoption of the Convention, many countries have enacted legislation to prohibit the worst forms of child labour and punish the perpetrators, including those involved in trafficking of children under 18 years of age. This reflects a real commitment to combat a problem that appears to on the increase in some parts of the world.
A success story: Robot Camel Jockeys
The CEACR has noted that, prior to the adoption of Law No. 22 of May 2005 on the import, employment, training and participation of children in camel racing, there were between 200 and 300 children from 6 to 13 years of age (all from Sudan) used in camel racing and exposed to serious injuries. It has noted that since the promulgation of Law No. 22 of 2005, and the adoption of a number of practical measures, there has been no recourse by camel owners to using children as camel jockeys. In particular, the Government started to manufacture robots to replace camel jockeys, which have became popular that even camel owners in other Gulf Cooperation Council countries, such as the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Oman, are buying them. The Government also adopted a number of rehabilitation measures aimed at assisting former child camel jockeys and providing them with medical treatment for poor health or injuries sustained before returning them to their country. The CEACR considered the developments in Qatar concerning the use of robot camel jockeys to be a case of good practice.