Subject: Modern History; Social Studies; Political Science

Grade Level: 8-12

The United Nations was created in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with the central purpose being the maintenance of international peace and security. This is stated in the first article of the first chapter of the United Nations Charter.

The Security Council (one of the six main organs of the UN) has the primary responsibility for international peace and security. The General Assembly and the Secretary-General also play important and complementary roles, along with other UN offices and bodies.

To allow peace to hold and flourish, the UN uses tools such as:

  • Preventive diplomacy and mediation: Preventing conflict is the most effective way to diminish human suffering and the massive economic costs of wars and their consequences.
  • Peacebuilding: The UN assists countries emerging from conflicts, in reducing the risk of falling back into conflict and in laying the foundation for sustainable peace and development.
  • Countering terrorism: In September 2006, UN Member States adopted a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. This was the first time that Member States (countries) agreed to a common strategic and operational plan against terrorism.
  • Disarmament: The United Nations works to advance international peace and security through the regulation of conventional arms and the pursuit of the elimination of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.
  • Peacekeeping: This has proven to be one of the most effective tools available that allows the UN to assist countries in navigating the difficult path from conflict to peace.

The attached teaching guide and resources provide a historic overview of UN Peacekeeping and its evolution throughout the years, as well as the work of the peacekeepers around the world. They will allow students to think about the world’s current geopolitical challenges (mainly around land and natural resources) and what role they could play in improving the situations.


"United Nations Peacekeeping" Teaching Guide and Resources: (View Printable Version