(Information as of  8 June 1999)

High-level Academic Panel at the UNISPACE III Conference

Organizer:    Office for Outer Space Affairs, United Nations Office at Vienna

Theme:         Space benefits for humanity in the Twenty-First Century

Participants:             Mr. Vittorio Canuto (moderator)
                                   Ms. Margaret E. Burbidge
                                   Mr. Yash Pal
                                   Mr. Ben Finney
                                   Mr. Haltor Arp

Schedule:        Monday 19 July, 1999, 15:00 - 17:00

Space Agencies and Industry Heads Panel on the Theme of the Conference

Organizer:  The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (OOSA)

Scope: The global political and economic changes and technological advancement of the last decade have significantly improved the space industry's commercial opportunities. The industry is continuing its evolution from a government-driven, project-defined industry to one in which Governments play a lesser role and market forces predominantly dictate growth. In this context, the panelists will discuss the ways to establish and encourage greater interaction between Governments and industry which allows both industrialized and developing countries to better benefit from a process of the commercialization of space activities through strengthening economies, new market developments, cost reduction, job creation, educational opportunities and a higher standard of living.

Programme: Panelists will address issues related to the theme of the Conference, in particular collaboration between space agencies and industries in space commercialization, technology transfer and spin-off.

Moderator: Mr. R. Gibson (both days)

                Wednesday,   21 July 1999,  12:00 - 13:30 (agency heads)
                  Dr. D. James Baker, Administrator, NOAA, USA
                  Dr. K. Kasturirangan, Chairman, ISRO, India
                  Mr. Isao Uchida, President, NASDA, Japan
                  Prof. Antonio Rodotà, Director-General, ESA
                  Dr. Walter Kröll, Chairman, DLR, Germany
                  Mr. Mac Evans, President, Canadian Space Agency, Canada
                  Prof. Sergio De Julio, President ASI, Italy

                Thursday,    22 July 1999,  12:00 - 13:30 (agency heads &industry CEOs)
                  Mr. S. Daniel S. Goldin, Administrator, NASA, USA
                  Mr. Yuri N. Koptev, Director-General, Russian Space Agency, Russian Federation
                  Dr. Gérard Brachet, Director General, CNES, France
                  Mr. J. Vaz, President, Brazsat, Brazil
                  Mr. Jim Albaugh, President, Boeing Space&Communications Group, USA
                  Dr. Anatoly I. Kiselev, Khrunichev State Research&Production Space Centre, RF

Each panelist would have 10 minutes maximum to speak about the theme of the Conference, to be followed by discussion.

Contact:    Mr. Petr Lála,
                  Deputy to the Director, Office for Outer Space Affairs,
                  United Nations Office at Vienna, Room E-0970,
                  P.O. Box 500, A-1400, Vienna, Austria
                  Tel: + 43-1-26060 4952 Fax: + 43-1-26060 5830

                  Mr. Sergey Chernikov, (for industry CEOs)
                  Mr. V. Kotelnikov (for Agencies Heads)
                  Office for Outer Space Affairs,
                  United Nations Office at Vienna,
                  P.O. Box 500, A-1400, Vienna, Austria
                  Tel: + 43-1-26060 4948 and 4955

Results from the 5th Workshop on International Space Cooperation:Solving Global Problems

Organizer:  American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

Scope:  The AIAA Workshop, the fifth in the series, is co-sponsored by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute and the Confederation of European Aerospace Societies.  It is co-chaired by the former AIAA President and the Director of Industrial Matters and Technology Policy of the European Space Agency.  Participants include international experts in the various topics to be considered. An Executive Summary of the Workshop Report will be circulated ahead of time to allow a more productive interaction between attendees and presenters.

Chairs:   Dr. Hans Kappler, Director of Industrial Matters and Technology Policy, European Space Agency,
              E.C. "Pete" Aldridge, Jr., President, The Aerospace Corporation,
              Dr. N. Jasentuliyana, Director, United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs, and Deputy Director, United Nations Office at Vienna


• Government-Industry partnerships in Space Projects: Toward Commercialization, Dr. Joseph Bravman, Senior Vice President, Orbital Sciences Corp., Dr. Hans Kappler, Director, Industrial matters and Technology Programmes, ESA

• GNSS: Fostering International Cooperation and Benefits to World-Wide Users, Mr. Richard DalBello, Vice President, Government Affairs, ICO Global Communications, Dr. R. Gibson, former Director-General, ESA

 • International Earth Observation Data Distribution Systems, Dr. Lawrence Enomoto, International Relations, Adviser, NOAA/NESDIS, Mr. Tetsuo Sakashita, Executive Director, Remote Sensing Technology Center, Japan

• Using Space Assets for Disaster Management: Next Steps, Mr. Russell Koffler, Consultant, Mr. Daniel Sacotte, Director of Administration, ESA
• The Growing Number of Satellites in Orbit: Facing the Issues, Ms. Susan Bittles, Business Development Manager, Matra Marconi Space, Mr. Ronald K.  Sable, Senior Vice President, Corporate Development, The Aerospace Corporation.

Preliminary schedule:   Tuesday, July 20, 1999, 14:30 to 17:00

Contact:    Ms. Mireille Gerard, Business Development, International, AIAA
                  1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344, USA
                  Fax: +1 703/264-7551    Tel: + 1 703/264-7500

High-level Space Industry Panel on Harnessing Space for Development and Exploration
A Global Vision for the 21st Century

Organizer: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

Scope: It will feature senior executives from leading space and advanced technology firms from space faring nations and high level decision-makers from non- or less- advanced space faring nations. It will present a vision for space activities in the new millennium and focus on how space technology can be applied to global development, cooperation and problem solving.

Programme: Panelists will be selected with a view toward addressing the following topics:
 • Global space-based telecommunications challenges and opportunities,
 • New horizons in monitoring the earth from space,
 • The role of space in the information revolution,
 • Space industry in the 21st century: New opportunities and challenges.

It is expected that after introductory remarks by the panel chair, representatives from non-or less advanced space faring nations will present their requirements, expectations and priorities in the areas mentioned above as well as the impediments they foresee in trying to meet these expectations.  Subsequently, the panelists from industries of space faring nations will provide their vision of where the technology is leading us and what the future looks like for the business of space.  A discussion between all panelists will then take place on how to deal with the challenges defined by both groups. There will be opportunities for questions and answers between the audience and the panelists.

Moderator: E.C. "Pete" Aldridge, Jr., President, The Aerospace Corporation

Panelists:  Marcio Nogueira Barbosa, Director, INPE, Brazil
                  HE YB Datuk Law Hieng Ding, Minister of Science, Technology and the environment, Malaysia ( invited, not confirmed)
                  Mr. Toru Ariga, General Manager, Mitsubishi Corporation, Aerospace Division
                  Mr. David Thompson, President, Orbital Sciences Corporation
                  Mr. Armand Carlier, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Matra Marconi Space
                  Mr. Steven D. Dorfman, President, Hughes Telecommunications and Space Company

Preliminary schedule:   Tuesday, July 20, 1999,  12:00 - 13:30

Contact:    Ms. Mireille Gerard, Business Development, International, AIAA
                  1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344, USA
                  Fax: +1 703/264-7551    Tel: + 1 703/264-7500

Tele-Health Demonstration: Remote Cardiac Consultation and Diagnosis

Organizer: Canada (Communications Research Centre) - part of DLR workshop!!

Objective: To demonstrate the viability of performing physical examination and transmission of diagnostic images for cardiac consultation between Vienna and Ottawa over tele-health platforms connected by broadband networks incl. satellite communications.

Programme: The presentation (total duration of about 20 minutes) would include:
 • case presentation by Dr. Higginson from Ottawa with a patient (medical history of the patient and some of the laboratory test results)
 • Dr. Labanese in Ottawa will use the stethoscopy to listen to the heart and breath sound of the patient, the heart sound will be transmitted to Vienna. At the same in Vienna,
 • Dr. Coster in Vienna will concur the results of the heart sound;
 • Dr. Higginson in Ottawa will use the patient camera to zoom in the patient's neck to observe the pulsation;
 • A Chest X-ray will be transmitted via the tele-health platform, both cardiologists will examine the chest X-ray to identify if the patient have enlarged heart;
 • An echocardiogram will then be presented to examine if the patient have any regurgitating;
 • Final consultation by both parties to determine the course of action for the patient.


Dr. Wilbert Keon (Chair) Director General of University of Ottawa Heart Institute
Dr. Lyall Higginson  Chief Cardiologist of University of Ottawa Heart Institute
Dr. Coster   Cardiologist of Vienna General Hospital
Dr. (TBD)   Chief of Cardiology at Vienna General Hospital

Preliminary schedule: part of the DLR Workshop on Telemedicine, Monday 26 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:   Mr. Wade Larson, Manager, International Organizations, CSA
                  6767, route de l'Aéroport, Saint-Hubert, Quebec J3Y 8Y9, Canada
                  Fax: +1 450 926-4362, Tel: +1 450 926-4329

International Forum on Integrated Global Observing Strategy
into the New Millennium

Organized by:    The IGOS Partnership consisting of:
                           The Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS)
                           Sponsors of the G3OS (ICSU, FAO, UNEP, UNESCO-IOC, WMO)
                           Programme Offices for GCOS, GTOS and GOOS
                           International Group of Funding Agencies (IGFA)
                           International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) Programme Office
                           World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Programme Office


• to inform Governments, through the UNISPACE III delegations, about IGOS and its constituent organizations and programmes as well as the present joint efforts on synergy and cooperation amongst the partners.
• to present to UNISPACE III delegations the practical implications of an IGOS.
• to obtain endorsement, in principle, for the IGOS initiative and formal recognition in the UNISPACE III Conference Report.

Chair: Prof. John R. G. Townshend, University of Maryland

Co-chair: Dr. He Changchui, FAO


• Opening by the Chairman and Co-chairman
• IGOS as a way of living and working tegether, Dr. Ghassem Asrar, Associate Administrator for Earth Science, NASA;
• CEOS and the perspective of an IGOS, Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan, Director- General, ISRO; Former CEOS Chair;
• Global Observing Systems: Scope, targets and requirements, Dr. Gisbert Glaser, Assistant Director-General, UNESCO;
• IGBP: Global perspectives and achivements, Dr. Jean-François Stuyk-Taillandier, Director, IGBP Programme Office;
• Climate Research the World Over (WCRP), Dr. Robert Landis, Director, World Weather Watch Department, WMO;
• IGOS perspective of IGFA, Dr. John Marks, Chairman, IGFA;
• The IGOS partnership and its activities, Dr. Tillman Mohr, Director EUMETSAT; CEOS Chair;
• G3OS: Interrelated global programmes and their missions, Dr. Arthur Lyon Dahl, Director, UNEP-Earthwatch programme;
• Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), Dr. Allan Thomas, Director, GCOS Programme Office, WMO;
• Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS), Dr. He Changchui, Chief, Environment and Natural Resources Service, FAO;
• Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), Dr. Colin Summerhayes, Director, GOOS Programme Office, UNESCO;
• Global Observing System Space Panel (GOSSP), Dr. Francis Bretherton, Chairman, GOSSP;
• IGOS Projects: Current status and future outlook, Dr. Robert S. Winokur, Chairman, CEOS Strategic Implementation Team.
• IGOS Forum discussion by selected panelists, focusing on the IGOS strategy development and implementation, including the role of CEOS and the requirements of the G3OS in an IGOS for becoming effective and authoritative Earth observing and data and information coordination mechanisms at national, regional and global levels in the context and framework of the UNISPACE III follow-up;
• formal adoption of  IGOS Partnership Statement to the UNISPACE III Conference.

Preliminary schedule:   Wednesday 21 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:00 and 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:           Mr. He Changchui, Chief, Environment and Natural Resources Service, FAO
                           Viale delle Terme di Caracalla,  00100 Roma, Italy
                           Fax:   +39 6 52253152      Tel.:  +36 52251

                          Mr. Sergio Camacho
                          Chief, Committee Services and Research Section
                          OOSA, UNOV, A-1400, Vienna, Austria

Symposium on the Contribution of Space Techniquesto the Exploration of the Universe

Organizer: Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)

Objective:  This symposium addresses the historical background and will highlight the vital contributions to date of space techniques to some of the key scientific topics, ranging from cosmology and the cosmic microwave background radiation, to the serendipitous discoveries in high-energy astrophysics, the bank from soft X-rays to hard gamma-rays which is only accessible to detectors placed above the atmosphere.   But also impressive results in the optical window from space will be exposed.   The challenges for past and future technological developments for space explorations will be addressed, including e.g. the prospects for space interferometry.

Chair:   Prof. J.L. Culhane, University College London, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UK

Rapporteur:  Dr. W. Hermsen, Space Research Organization, Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands

14.30     Opening by Prof. J. L. Culhane
14.40     Revolutionizing Cosmology by Observing the Cosmic Microwave Background, Prof. G.P. Efstathiou, Cambridge University, UK
15.20     X/Gamma-Ray Astronomy: Probing the Energetic Universe, Prof. J.A.M. Bleeker, Space Research Organization, Netherlands,
              Utrecht, the Netherlands
16:00      Tea break
16.20     The Quest for the Origins: A View from HST and NGST, Dr. F. D. Macchetto, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, USA
17.00     NASA's origin program: the search for our cosmic roots, Dr. F. M. Naderi, NASA Origin Program, JPL,
              California Institute of Technology, USA
17.40     Discussion on Observations and Conclusions of the Symposium, led by Dr. W. Hermsen

Schedule:  Thursday 22 July 1999, 14:30 - 18:00

Contacts:  Dr. W. Hermsen
                  SRON-Utrecht, High Energy Astrophysics Division
                  Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
                  Fax: +31 30 254 0860, Tel.: +31 30 253 8571, e-mail:

                  Prof. J. L. Culhane
                  University College London
                  Mullard Space Science Laboratory
                  Holmbury, St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, United Kingdom
                  Fax: +44 1483 278 312, Tel.: +44 1483 274 111, e-mail:

Symposium on Recent Progress in and Future Plans forExploration of the Solar System

Organizer:  Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)

Co-organizer:  IACG

Objective:   This symposium addresses recent progress in and future plans for exploration of the solar system by use of spacecraft. It emphasizes international cooperation, the importance of which will steadily increase as more ambitious and potentially costly missions are to be implemented on the forefront of research.  It also discusses the means to share the outcome from advanced exploration with the younger generation as well as the general public and to stimulate the involvement of developing countries in solar system exploration.

Chairman:  Prof.  Atsuhiro Nishida, ISAS


 9:00       Introduction, A. Nishida (ISAS)
 9:05       ESA Programs, M. Coradini (ESA)
 9:30       Japanese Programs, A. Nishida (ISAS)
 9:55       Russian Programs, A. Galeev (IKI)
 10:20     Break
 10:40     US Programs, T. V. Johnson (JPL)
 11:30     International coordination by the IACG, V. Manno (ISSI)
 11:45     Near Earth Objects, H. Rickman (Uppsala University)

Preliminary schedule:  Thursday 22 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:00

Contact address:  Prof. Atsuhiro Nishida
                            The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS)
                            Tel: +81 42-759-8007
                            Fax: +81 42-759-8441

                            COSPAR Secretariat
                            51, bd de Montmorency, 75016 Paris, France

                            Tel: +33 1 45 25 06 79
                            Fax: +33 1 40 50 98 27

CGMS Workshop on Satellite Meteorology

Organizer: EUMETSAT, on behalf of CGMS (Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites)

Co-organizers: WMO

Scope:  The workshop will discuss the role of CGMS in promoting world-wide use of meteorological satellite data and services. Examples of different regional environmental data handling systems and their coordination will be given. Perspectives of the future expansion of the regional and global weather monitoring systems will be evaluated.

Chair: Dr. D. E. Hinsman (WMO), Rapporteur: P. Counet (Eumetsat)


 • Introductory statement by CGMS Secretariat, Dr. Tillmann Mohr, Director of EUMETSAT;
 • Use of the United States satellite data for national and international disaster mitigation, Dr. D. James Baker, Administrator, NOAA;
 • Use of EUMETSAT satellite data by the African user community, Mr. Ewans A. Mukolwe, Director of the Kenyan MET Department;
 • The application of meteorological satellite data in disaster monitoring in China, Mr. Fang Zongyi, Mr. Xu Jianping, China Meteorological Administration;
 • Use of INSAT meteorological data for regional and global weather forecasting, Dr. H. V. Gupta, Director, Satellite Meteorology Divison, Indian Meteorological Department;
 • Use of GMS satellite data in the Asia Pacific region and future plan distribution of MTSAT satellite data, Mr. Sato, Head of Meteorological satellite planning, Japan Meteorological Agency;
 • Expanded use of satellite data in Costa Rica and Barbados, Dr. James Purdom, Director, NESDIS Office of Research and Applications;
 • The application of meteorological satellite data and derived products in the Russian Service of Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, Mr. V. Ferberov, Division Chief, Rozhydromet, Prof. Dr. Uspensky, SRC Planeta, Senior Scientific Officer,   Russian Federation.

Schedule:    Thursday  22 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact address:   Mr. Paul Counet, International Relations Officer, EUMETSAT
                               Postfach 10 05 55, D-64205 Darmstadt, Germany
                               Fax: + 49 6151 807830, Tel.: +49 6151 807604

Round Table on Integration of Earth Observation into Secondary Education

Organizer:   EURISY

Co-chairmen:     Prof. Hubert Curien, President of EURISY,
                          Mr. Rolf Skår, Managing Director of Norwegian Space Centre

Rapporteur:      Prof. Francois Marchessou, Director of Audiovisual office of Poitiers University OAVUP (France)


 • To promote EURISY's activities for education, which started in 1989, and to raise awareness of EURISY members' efforts in favour of promoting space technology in schools;
 • To underline the advantages of including Earth Observation / Remote Sensing within the curricula of secondary schools in European countries, and to present the follow-up to the recommendations made at the EURISY Seminar "Integration of Earth Observation into Secondary Education" held in May 1998;
 • To heighten awareness at political, educational and industrial levels, that Earth observation from space should have a clear position within the school curricula to assist in the wider task facing teachers in secondary schools - that of preparing our students to be responsible and effective European and world citizens, within the 21st century.


 • Opening/Welcome Addresses: Prof. Hubert Curien, President of EURISY, Dr. N. Jasentuliyana, Director, United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs  
 • VIP from European Education authorities on the need of space technologies and data integration in the educational context;
 • Mr. Antonio Rodotà, ESA Director General, on the aims of EURISY's activities towards European youth;
 • Mr. Wolfgang Eder, Director of Earth Sciences at UNESCO on results of World Conference on Higher Education (1998) and World Conference on Science (1999);
 • Mr. Chabouni, Secretariat of State for Research, Tunisia, on South Mediterranean educational issues;
 • Coffe Break
 • Concrete example of Conclusions and follow-up to Frascati Seminar, presented by Prof. François Marchessou, Director of OAVUP (France)
 • Mr. Claude Goumy, Vice-President of Matra Hautes Technologies, on the industrial support and supply of educational tools;
 • Youth representative, on students' point of view and needs;
 • Round Table discussion;
 • Conclusion and Recommendations by Co-Chairmen.

Preliminary schedule:    Wednesday 21 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:   Ms. Catherine Simon, Secretary General, EURISY
                  Résidence Seine Zola, 17/21 rue de Javel, 75015 Paris, France
                  Fax: + 33-1,  Tel.: + 33-1

Workshop on Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Organizer: European Space Agency (ESA)

Schedule:  Monday 26 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:30


9.00  - 9.40            Opening Addresses -
                               UN Office for Outer Space Affairs – V. Kotelnikov
                               Austrian Ministry for Transport and Science -tbd
                               European Commission, Directorate General for Transport - M. Ruete
                               European Space Agency - C. Mastracci

Session 1 – Chaired by European Tripartite Group Director – M. Ruete, European Commission, Directorate General for Transport (DGVII)

9.40 – 9.55              From EGNOS to GALILEO: Europe's contribution to a Global Navigation Satellite System – Luc Tytgat, European Commission

9.55 – 10.10            GNSS Technical architectures – Alex Steciw, ESA

10.10 – 10.25         GNSS certification and liability issues – Frans Von Der Dunk, University of Leiden

10.25 – 10.40          Public-Private Partnerships: a European Industrial perspective on GNSS Roger McKinlay, RACAL Avionics

10.40 – 10.55         PPP Structures and their Application to Galileo -Dornier Satellitensysteme GmbH

Session 2 – Co - chaired by European Space Agency, Director of Applications – C. Mastracci / Russian Space Agency (RKA)

10.55 - 11.15         GLONASS developments, Russian Space Agency (RKA)

11.15 - 11.30         Current Status of US developments in GPS, US Department of State

11.30 - 11.45         Implementation of Space Technology in Aviation - the Need for Inter-regional Cooperation, Vladimir Zubkov, International Civil Aviation Organisation

11.45 - 12.00         American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Conclusions from workshop on GNSS entitled ‘Fostering International Cooperation and Benefits to World - wide Users - Richard Dalbello, ICO Global Communications

 12.00 - 12.30          Inter-regional Cooperation Initiatives (including interventions on South America, Central and Eastern Europe, India etc.)

12.30                       Discussion Panel and Conclusions

Contact address:  Mr. Giorgio Solari
                               Coordinator of the Tripartite Group, ESA
                               8-10 rue Mario Nikis, 75738 Paris Cedex 15, France
                               Fax: +33 1 53 69 75 60, Tel.: +33 1 53 69 76 54

Contact person:    Ms. Fiona McFadden, European GNSS
                                  Fax: + 32 2 743 30 81

ESA/NASDA Workshop on Disaster Management

Organisers:  ESA and NASDA

Chair: Mr. Jean Jacques Dordain, Acting Director, Strategy and Business Development, ESA and Mr. T. Inada, Director, Earth Observation Planning Department,   NASDA.

Objective: The aim of the workshop is to illustrate the benefits of using space techniques tor disaster mitigation. The workshop will focus on issues linked to international cooperation, pilot projects and access to relevant information and techniques, arising from experience gathered in cases of forest fires, volcanoes, oil spills and floods. All these cases are equally relevant to Asia and Europe and cover a broad spectrum of techniques and operational maturity.

9:00 - 9:10         Opening remarks, ESA/NASDA Chairmen
9:10 - 9:30         ESA/NASDA Pilot Project on forest fires in Indonesia, Prof. F. Siegert (ESA?), Dr. M. Nakayama, Tokyo Univerity of Agriculture
9:30 - 9:50         The case of forest fires, ESA (TBC), Dr. H. Öttl, DLR
9:50 - 10:10       The case of floods, CNES (TBC), NRSCC China (TBC)
10:10 - 10:20     The case of Mitch, European presentation (TBC)
10:20 - 10:40     The case of volcanoes, Dr. M. Shimada, NASDA
10:40 - 11:00     IGOS initiative on disaster management, Ms. Helen Wood, NOAA
11:00 - 11:20     Communication services to disaster scenes, Inmarsat (TBC)
11:20 - 11:40     Questions an answers session
11:40 - 11:50     Closing remarks, ESA/NASDA Chairmen

Preliminary schedule:   Thursday 22 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:00

Contact address: Mr.Guy Duchossois
                                Head, Earth Observation Mission Management Office, ESA
                                8-10 rue Mario Nikis, 75738 Paris Cedex 15, France
                                Fax: +33 1 53 69 75 60, Tel.: +33 1 53 69 76 54

Workshop on Intellectual Property and Space Activities

Organizer: European Space Agency (ESA)

Objectives: To examine the evolution of the issues relating to intellectual property and space activities on the basis of the experience of the main national and international space agencies in order to assess what can be done in the future - taking into account the new way to perform space activities. The workshop will address such questions as whether international intellectual property standards would be necessary for space cooperation, whether the harmonization of national legislation on intellectual property and space would be necessary, and technology transfer to non-space faring nations and views of developing countries especially with respect to ground infrastructure problems.

Preliminary schedule:  Tuesday 27 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:00

Chair: Mr. A. Tramposch

Preliminary programme:

09:00          Opening by Mr. D. Sacotte, Director of Administration, ESA;
09:15          Introduction IP and relevance for international space activities,
                  Mr. R. Oosterlinck, Head, Dept. Of Legal Affairs, Rules and organizational matters, ESA;
09:35          Intellectual Property and Space ActivitieS, Mr. Tramposch, WIPO;
09:55          Coffee break;
10:15          NASA Space Station experience, Mr. Mannix, NASA;
10:35          Cooperation Russia - India, Prof. Bhatt, India;
10:55          Cooperation Brazil - China, Prof. Moserat Filho, Brazil;
11:15          Panel discussion (Panel Director: Mr. Tramposch, WIPO). Themes:  Do we need international IP standards for space co-operation? Is there a need for harmonization of national legislation on IP and space and in which Forum? Transfer of Technology to non- space faring Nations, views of the Developing Countries especially with respect to Ground Infrastructure. Problems. 12:00    Conclusion of the session

Contact address:   Mr. René Oosterlinck
                                  Head, Department of Legal Affairs, Procedures, Rules and Organizational Matters, ESA
                                  8-10 rue Mario Nikis, 75738 Paris Cedex 15, France
                                  Fax: +33 1 53 69 75 60, Tel.: +33 1 53 69 76 54 ; E-mail:

Workshop on Telemedicine

Organizers:  DLR (Germany), Italian Space Agency (ASI)

Objective:  Examination and demonstration of present developments and applications of telemedicine with special focus on international collaboration and harmonization – including G7/8 Global Healthcare Applications Project, ITU and WHO and ESA programmes.

Chair:   Dittmar Padeken, Head of the division "Telemedicine and User Support", Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, German Aerospace Centre, Cologne, Germany. Dr. Andrea Mason, Telbios, San Raffaele Biomedical Science Park, Milano, Italy

Participants in the session:

 Dr. Lyall Higginson, University of Ottawa Heart Institute.
 Dr. Coster, Cardiologist of Vienna general Hospital
 Dr. (TBD), Chief of Cardiology at Vienna General Hospital

 Prof. Claudio Azzolini, Scientific Institute H San Raffaele, Milano

Russian Federation:
 Prof. Alexey A. Aleksandrovsky, Dean of the Medical Sub-faculty of Mordovia Republic University, Saransk,
 Academician Vladimirov, Russian State Med. University, Moscow,
 Prof. Rosheysky, Director of State Institute for Ecological Medicine, Komi Republic, Academy of Science,
 Prof. Medvedev, Dean of Medical Faculty of MSU, Moscow,
  Prof., head the sub-faculty of medicine of Mordovia State University, Saransk, Prof. Roshevsky, Director of State Institute for Ecological Medicine, Academy of Science.

 Dr. Roberto Sistero, CONAE, Argentina,
 Helmuth Duwe, Inst. of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, Cologne
 Luis Beck, Inst. of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, Cologne

G 7/8 Global Healthcare Applications Project:
 Dr. Andre Lacroix, University of Montreal, Canada
 Dr. Gottfried Dietzel, Health-Telematics Coordinator, Minister of Health, Germany

Inmarsat / ITU:
 David Sagar, Senior Attorney

 Salah Mandil, Health Telematics Coordinator, Geneva

Midjan Group:
 Dr. Guy Rossignol, Health Telematics Coordinator, Ministry of Health, France/ESA
 Dr. Francesco Feliciani, ESA/ESTEC Noordwijk, Netherlands

The workshop on telemedicine will comprise two parts:

Life demonstrations/Presentations




 A1. Remote cardiac consultation and Diagnosis, 
          University of Ottawa Heart Institute and 
          Vienna General Hospital 
Dr. Wilbert Keon,  University of Ottawa  30 min
A2. Medicine Tele-education Programme  Prof. Dr. Medvedev, Moscow State University 30 min
A3. Satellite Telemedicine for improving the 
          delivery of health care
Dr. Andrea Mason, Telbios, Milano  30 min
A4. Inmarsat Telemedicine Projects David Sagar 20 min
A5. Open Health Telematics Platform and 
          local/global Applications
 Dittmar Padeken, DLR, Cologne 20 min

Round Table Discussion

Chair: Dittmar Padeken, DLR     Co-Chair: Dr. Andrea Mason, Telbios

Participants:     Gottfried Dietzel, G7/8 GHAP; Andre Lacroix, G7/8 GHAP; Salah Mandil, WHO; Prof.
                               Aleksandrov, Academician Vladimirov, Prof. Roshevsky, Prof. Medvedev, Russian
                               Telemedicine; Guy Rossignol, Midjan Group; David Sagar, InMarSat; Prof. Claudio
                               Azzolini, Ist. San Raffaele; Francesco Feliciani ESA/ESTEC.

The round table discussion will focus on harmonization and collaboration between local and global   programmes in telemedicine. Special emphasis will be given to cooperation with and support of developing countries and the requirements for global services. Concepts for scalable technical infrastructure and adaptation of services to different economical and cultural environments will be discussed under the view of the emerging future growth of telecommunications and information processing capabilities.

The discussion shall be initiated by 5 min short summary reports of each of the participants.

Preliminary schedule: Monday 26 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact address:   Dittmar Padeken, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR
                                         Linder Hoehe, D-51170 Koeln, Germany
                                         Fax: +49 2203 696 212, Tel.: +49 2203 601 3530

Workshop "Blue Planet, Green Planet"

Organizer: Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES, France)

Objective: The major challenge in global change research in the coming decade is going to be how to improve the predictability of large and small scale changes on the surface of our Planet, both because of natural fluctuations in climate and those brought about by the continuously accelerating human activities. Today, the space technology has reached such level of  sophistication that even the very subtle changes in the oceanic circulation (Blue Planet) and the long term changes on the land surface (Green Planet) can now be documented with high precision. The principle objective, therefore, is to apprise the global scientific community of the availability of these data and on how they can be used for global, regional and local scale studies of our Planet.

Chair:      Jean-Louis Fellous, CNES

                            Session on Blue Planet:
          •                  Ocean currents and sea level changes from five years of Topex-Poseidon
          •                  Ocean biology from space
          •                  Long term modelling of global oceans
          •                  Coastal zone studies

                            Session on Green Planet:
          •                  Global scale land cover changes from Vegetation instrument on Spot 4
          •                  Deforestation and reforestation studies over the tropics
          •                  Land-use assessments and their societal implications, a few case studies
          •                  On managing natural hazards: the role of satellites

Preliminary schedule: Friday 23 July 1999, 9;00 - 12:00, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact address: Michel Laffaiteur
                                       International Relations, CNES
                                       2, Place Maurice Quentin, 75039 Paris CEDEX 01, France
                                       Fax: + 33 1 44 76 78 49, Tel.: +33 1 44 76 75 29

Roundtable on Cooperation and International Competition

Organizer:  Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES, France)

Moderator:       Gerard Brachet, CNES, General Director

Objective:       The roundtable will focus on the role of  cooperation between complementary partners as incentive for the development of a new generation of space programmes and how agencies and industries are organizing consequently, with due respect to the economic necessities of fair competition.


               Dr. L. G. MEIRA, Brazilian Space Agency
               Mr. Enjie LUAN, Administrator, Chinese National Space Agency
               Mr. Platard, CNES
               Dr. Manno, IACG
               Mr. Tomifumi Godai, Executive Vice-President, NASDA
               Mr. Sampath, ANTRIX
               Mr. Zhang Xinxia, China Great Wall Industry Corporation
               Mr. Chandrasekhar, WorldSpace
               Mr. J-M. Luton, Arianespace (could be substituted by Armand Carlier, Chairman&CEO, Matra
              Marconi Space or Jean-Yves le Gall, President&CEO Starsem, or Jürgen E. Schrempp, Chairman
              of the Supervisory Board, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace)
              Dr. Gennady Birukov, Director General, Design Bureau of Transport Machinery, Moscow
               Mr. J. F. Honeycutt, Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Preliminary schedule: Friday 23 July, 1999, 12:00 to 13:30 (+ 30 min possible)

Contact address:    Michel Laffaiteur
                                          International Relations, CNES
                                          2, Place Maurice Quentin, 75039 Paris CEDEX 01, France
                                          Fax: + 33 1 44 76 78 49, Tel.: +33 1 44 76 75 29

Workshop on Education

Proposed by:     Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES, France)

Objective: This workshop will examine the methods developed by CNES and others concerning their   instructional activities and their results. CNES has a long experience with organization (in  partnership with the Ministry of Education) of activities aimed at students, teachers and young people in order to increase their awareness of space technology. This experience would be shared with all participants.

Programme: This is a preliminary list of issues to be addressed:

                    - Training in sciences and space technologies for teachers,
                    - Summer schools for teachers,
                    - Publications,
                    - Exhibits,
                    - Micro and mini rockets,
                    - Small balloons,
                    - Micro-gravity experiments.Chairperson : Catherine Le Cochennec - CNES (France)


          14:30  Presentation of the workshop and introduction
          14:35  Presentation of summer schools and teachers training. Diffusion of general knowledge. EDEN programme, Michel Vauzelle - MENRT (France)

          14:55  Overview of the Globe Programme, Margaret G. Finarelli, The Globe Programme, NASA (USA)
          15:15  Contribution from South-South cooperation in space training and technology transfer, Amal Layachi - CRTS (Marocco)
          15:35  Presentation of the training offer in Earth observation, Jean-Luc Bessis - GDTA (France)
          15:55   Coffee break
          16:15            XXX    (India)
          16:35  Presentation of ISSAT and ENSAE programmes, André Fontanel - ISSAT (France)
          16:55  Launching of micro-rockets and small balloons, microgravity experiments and space technology courses, Nicolas Verdier - CNES (France)
          17:15  Conclusions

          ŒÆA?    Eric Lambin - Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
          16:50  Studies of desertification in Southern Mediterranean Region, H. Khatelli - Institut des Régions Arides

Preliminary schedule:    Tuesday 27 July, 1999, 14:30 to 17:30

Contact address: Michel Laffaiteur
                                      International Relations, CNES
                                      2, Place Maurice Quentin, 75039 Paris CEDEX 01, France
                                      Fax: + 33 1 44 76 78 49, Tel.: +33 1 44 76 75 29

Workshop on Space Debris

Organizer:  Subcommittee on Space Debris of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)

Chair:      Prof. W. Flury, Chairman of the IAA Subcommittee on Space Debris, J. - M. Contant, Secretary General, IAA

Rapporteurs: L. Anselmo, R. Crowther

Objective: To examine the status of our knowledge and the extent of the space debris problem, the applied mitigation measures, the activities of the professional societies, the activities of IADC, and the discussions at the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. Presentations given by invited speakers will focus on technical issues.


            •     What do we know about the space debris environment. Sources of space debris. How is the information obtained. Effects of the space debris environment on space systems. Hazards in space and on the ground, Mr. J. P. Loftus, NASA;

            •     Mitigation issues. Protection measures. Controlling the future evolution of the debris environment, Mr. W. Flury, ESOC;

            •     Currently applied mitigation measures by space agencies and other space operators. Handbooks and standards, Mr. S. Toda, Japan;

            •     The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC). What is IADC, who are the members, how does it operate, what are the current activities, Mr. F. Alby, CNES;

            •      Activities of the professional societies (IAA, IAF, COSPAR). Space debris at UN COPUOS, Mr. L. Perek, Czech Republic.

            •     Round - table discussion on furure directions of space debris research   (12:00 - 13:30) Moderator J. Loftus (NASA), total 6-7 persons including speakers.   Brief statements to set the scene.  Question and answer session with audience.

Preliminary schedule: Monday 26 July 1999, 9:00 - 13:30

Contact address:       Prof. W. Flury, Mission Analysis Section, ESOC
                                                Robert-Bosch-Str. 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany
                                                Fax: + 49 6151 90 2625   Tel.: + 49 6151 90 2270

Workshop on Small Satellites at the Service of Developing Countries

Organizer:  Subcommittee on Small Satellites for Developing Nations of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)

Chair:      Pierre Molette, Chairman of the Subcommittee

Rapporteur:      Mr. Yean Joo Augustine CHONG, Singapore

Scope:       Speakers from different parts of the world will present their experience and express their views on the present and future capabilities of small satellites. The workshop shall present the capabilities of the small satellites to achieve missions of interest for the developing nations in the fields of science and applications, taking advantage of advances in technologies. As the satellites are small, the missions are more affordable and can be more focused to the specific needs of the developing countries. Small satellites can be used as tools for education and training in space activities, and are also an opportunity to develop international cooperation.

          • Small satellites for World-class science
            Prof.Yasunori Matogawa, Professor at the Office of External Relations, Director of the
            Kagoshima Space Center - ISAS, Japan

          • Remote sensing from small satellites
            Dr. Suvit Vibulsresth, Deputy Secretary - Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment,

          • Communications using small satellites
            Dr. Carlos Santana, Director of Engineering -  INPE, Brazil

          • Perspectives offered by technology advancement
            Dr. Gael Squibb, Director of Telecommunications and Operations - NASA/JPL, USA

          • Small satellites, a tool for education and training
            Prof. Martin Sweeting, Director - Surrey Space Centre, United Kingdom

          • Round table discussion on International Cooperation - with all the speakers  

Preliminary schedule: Monday 26 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact address:    Pierre Molette, Matra Marconi Space
                                          31 Avenue des Cosmonautes, 31 402 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
                                          Fax: + 33 5 62 19 70 25  Tel.: + 33 5 62 19 60 27

Workshop on Clean and Inexhaustible Space Solar Power

Organizer:  International Astronautical Federation (IAF), Power Committee

Scope: The Solar Power Satellite (SPS) is a unique and promising candidate for future electricity generation that could help to satisfy ever-increasing energy demand on Earth without destroying the environment. At this Workshop, SPS will be discussed as an opportunity for mutually beneficial collaboration between industrialized and developing countries, including audience participation. At the beginning of the Workshop current research and potential interactions of SPS with the environment will be presented, together with the worldwide energy outlook. The feasibility, benefits and disadvantages of SPS will be discussed for different countries, especially developing countries, including reports on field research in equatorial countries and China. Useful findings and recommendations are expected concerning international cooperation and collaboration on both political and technical issues in order to realize SPS in the near future.

          • Energy Outlook in the World (20 min.), Bryan Erb, Canadian Space Agency
          • Concept and Study of the Solar Power Satellite (30 min.), John Mankins, NASA
          • Environmental Effects (CO2 estimation, Microwave Interactions with Ionosphere and
            biology, frequency allocation) (10 min.), Nobuyuki Kaya, Kobe University
          • Field Research in Developing Countries (20 min.), Patrick Collins, NASDA
          • World Solar Programme 1996-2005: conceptual development and achievements (20 min.),
            Boris Berkovski, UNESCO
          • Panel Discussions and Demonstration of Microwave Power Transmission
                 Demonstration of Microwave Power Transmission (10 min.)
                 Case Study of Microwave Power Transmission in Reunion Island (10 min.),  Guy
                 Pignolet, CNES
                 Opportunity in France (10 min.), Didier Vassaux, CNES
                 Opportunity in Developing Countries (10 min.), TBD
                 Opportunity in Developing Countries (10 min.), TBD
                 Options for international collaboration (10 min.), Dieter Kassing, ESA
          • Discussion on Findings and Recommendations with the audience (20 min.)

Preliminary schedule: Tuesday, July 27, 1999, 9:00 - 12:30

Contact:   Prof. Nobuyuki Kaya
                             Dept. of Computer and Systems Engineering, Kobe University
                             Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
                             Fax : +81 78 882 4596 Tel : +81 78 803 6228
                             E-mail :

Forum on Space Activity in the 21st Century

Organizers:      IAF/Prospective 2100/ISU

Chair:       Dr. Karl Doetsch, ISU President, Past IAF President

Objectives:    During  the 21st century, space activity will have a profound influence life on earth and on the development of society. Space activity will touch ever more firmly on the provision of the necessities and quality of life and will accelerate the movement of nations towards the concept of the global village. A study by Prospectus 2100, a group identifying major global trends for the next century, ranked space activity as one of the twelve most important factors for shaping the next century, alongside such items as education, ocean cities, the planetary garden, caring and sharing. The IAF has joined with Prospectus 2100 and ISU to study in detail how this influence of space activity will be manifested in the next century. The one-day Forum at UNISPACE III will discuss the results of the deliberations of the group during the preceding months and seek input from participants in the Forum on the appropriate architecture of a global space plan for the next century that meets the needs of humanity.


In general terms, the group will consider Living on Planet Earth and Leaving Planet Earth:

                  09.00-10.30 Plenary discussion on key trends influencing space development and applications in the next century.
                  10.45-12.30 Workshops on the specific themes: 1)Managing Earth's resources; 2) Health and Education; 3) Energy; 4) Infrastructure and Security; 5)Exploration; 6) Policy and Economics.
                  14.30-16.00   Two workshops integrating these themes into broader themes of: Living on Planet Earth  and Leaving Planet Earth.
                  16.30-17.30 Plenary discussion, conclusions.

Participants: Experts and knowledgeable users who have been developing a large-scale view of what the influences of space activity might be in the next century, joined by a broader cross-section of space users.

Schedule: Wednesday 21 July 1999,  9.00-12.30, 14.30-17.30

Contact address: Dr. Karl Doetsch, President ISU
                                                ISU Strasbourg Central Campus, Parc d'Innovation
                                                Boulevard Gonthier d'Andernach
                                                67400 Illkirch Graffenstaden, France
                                                Fax: 33 3 88 65 54 47, Tel: 33 3 88 65 54 52

                                               Ms. Olga Zhdanovich, ISU
                                               ISU Strasbourg Central Campus, Parc d'Innovation
                                                Boulevard Gonthier d'Andernach
                                                67400 Illkirch Graffenstaden, France
                                                Fax: 33 3 88 65 54 47, Tel: 33 3 88 65 54 30

                                                IAF Secretariat:
                                                Mr. Claude Gourdet, Executive Director, IAF
                                                3/5 Mario Nikis, 75015 Paris, France
                                                Fax: 33 1 42 73 21 20, Tel: 33 1 45 67 42 60

Workshop on Space Law in the 21st Century

Organizer:    International Institute of Space Law (IISL)  

The workshop is structured for four days of working sessions (from 20 to 23 July), permitting two days of digesting and integrating (24 and 25 July), to allow a written summary report to be submitted to the Conference early during its second week (26 to 30 July).

The Workshop will be under overall management of the Workshop Executive Committee, comprising the chair persons for all eight sessions, assisted by Dr. Stephen E. Doyle, as workshop   coordinator.  The Executive Committee shall be under the chairmanship of the President of the IISL.  The Executive Committee shall prepare the Workshop Final Report.

Commencing Tuesday morning of the first week (20 July), the Workshop would have eight 3- hour sessions.  For each session, there will be an invited discussion paper prepared in advance and submitted to participants by 15 June, 1999.  Author invitations shall be extended by the President of the IISL.  There shall be a coordinator/rapporteur for each session responsible for contacting three primary commentators/discussants of the discussion paper for each session.  After discussants have commented, the sessions shall be open for participation, questions and comments by the attendees at the workshop.

Each session shall be under the control of the Session Chair, assisted by the coordinator/rapporteur, a discussion paper presenter, and the appointed commentators/discussants.  The discussion paper will be presented initially (30 to 45 mins.), then the commentators/discussants will have 15 to 20 minutes each to comment on the paper, with the coordinator/rapporteur presenting summary visual notes on all significant issues raised on an overhead transparency, or a large pad. Following general discussion, the final 30 minutes of each session should be devoted to consolidating the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the
session. The session Chairman and coordinator/rapporteur shall have the role of reducing each session report to final form and delivering it to the Workshop
Executive Committee, Saturday morning, for final integration into the Workshop Final Report.

The Workshop Executive Committee will convene on Saturday morning to receive and discuss the reports of the sessions.  A small working group will work Saturday/Sunday to integrate the workshop session reports into a Workshop Final Report to the Conference.

Proposed session topics, chairs, rapporteurs suggested background paper drafters are:

Session 1: Tuesday, 20 July, 1999, 09:00--12:00

Existing UN Space Treaties: Strengths and Needs

This session will consider a discussion paper on the 5 major UN space treaties, examining the inherent strengths and the needs for further development.  This session should be conducted with a view toward producing findings and recommendations to the Conference concerning the status of the treaties and their possible additional development.

Chair:                                           Dr. Eilene Galloway (U.S.A.)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:               Dr. Kai-Uwe Schrogl (Germany)

Commentators:                              Prof. Y. Kolosov (Russian Federation)
                                                                      Dr. Frans von der Dunk (The Netherlands)
                                                                      Prof. S. Bhatt (India)

Discussion Paper Author:              Prof. Dr. Vladimir Kopal (Czech Republic)

Session 2: Tuesday, 20 July 1999, 14:00--17:00

Expanding Global Launch Services

This session will examine the expanding base of launch system provides worldwide and consider the legal and policy implications of the phenomenal growth in this market sector. Matters to be considered could include economic competition, standardized contracting, related insurance issues, proliferation of launch sites, and the implications for international establishment of flight registration/coordination procedures.  The issue of dual use of launch vehicles and possible related confidence building measures could be considered in terms of their implications for international peace and security.

Chair:                                          Prof. E. Back Impallomeni (Italy)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:              Dr. Frans von der Dunk (The Netherlands)

Commentators:                           Ms. Catherine Baudin (ESA)
                                                                    Mr. John B. Gantt (USA)
                                                                    Mr. Jose Monserrat Filho (Brazil)

Discussion Paper Author:            Mr. Peter van Fenema (The Netherlands)

Session 3: Wednesday, 21 July, 1999, 09:00--12:00

Expanding Global Communications Services

This session will examine the explosive growth in worldwide communication services in the past quarter century, considering the implications for use of the radio frequency spectrum, the implications for international cooperation and organization, relationship to economic growth and expansion, the impact of global personal communication services and other relevant current issues.

Chair:                                         Prof. V.S. Mani (India)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:            Dr. Ram Jakhu (Canada/India)

Commentators:                          Mr. Alfons Noll (Switzerlan)]
                                                                  Dr. Jonathan F. Galloway (USA)
                                                                  Dr. Ram Jakhu (Canada/India)

Discussion Paper Author:          Dr. Francis Lyall (UK)

Session 4: Wednesday, 21 July, 1999, 14:00--17:00

Expanding Global Remote Sensing Services

This session will review the expanding growth in commercial remote sensing services, the increasing quality of remote imagery, the commercial implications, impacts on international cooperation and scientific, as well as industrial applications of current and planned future services, including issues of international standardization, system ownership and participation, and management.

Chair:                                     Dr. Ernst Fasan (Austria)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:       Dr. Marietta Benko (Germany)

Commentators:                      Mr. Carlos Hernando Rebellon Betancourt (Colombia)
                                                                  Mr. Alexander V. Yakovenko (Russian Federation)
                                                                  Dr. M.G. Chandrasekhar (India)

Discussion Paper Author:     Prof. J.L. Gabrynowicz (U.S.A.)

Session 5: Thursday, 22 July, 1999, 09:00--12:00

The Roles of International Organisations in Privatization and Commercial Use of Outer Space

International organisations and institutions which have existed and have operated space services for decades are in the process of studying and implementing plans for privatization of all or part of their historical services.  Major examples are INMARSAT, INTELSAT and EUTELSAT.  This session should consider information on the methods and models used in this context and their impact on the roles of international organisations as well as space law in general.  On that basis, feasible options for future development of existing or new operational international organisations should be examined.

Chair:                                     Mr. G. Lafferranderie (ESA)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:     Dr. B. Schmidt-Tedd (Germany)

Commentators:                    Mr. David Sagar (Inmarsat)
                                                                Mr. V.S.Veshchunov (Interputnik)
                                                                Mr. Leonard S. Dooley (INTELSAT)
                                                                Mr. P. Hulsroj (EUMETSAT)

Discussion Paper Author:         Mr. Christian Roisse (EUTELSAT)

Session 6: Thursday, 22 July, 1999, 14:00--17:00

Expanding Global Navigation Services

This session will examine the present and planned systems for provision of navigation services by satellite and consider matters involving universal access, continuity of services, implications for international ownership, international cooperation and issues of system standardization, among others.

Chair:                                            Mr. David Sagar (Inmarsat)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:            Mr. Marco Ferrazzani (ESA/Italy)

Commentators:                            Mr. Jiefang Huang (ICAO)
                                                                         Dr. B.D.K. Henaku (Ghana)
                                                                         Mr. V.B. Reddy (India)

Discussion Paper Author:              Prof. Paul B. Larsen (U.S.A.)

Session 7: Friday, 23 July, 1999, 09:00--12:00

Possible International Regulatory Frameworks, Including Legal Conflict Resolution in Expanding Space Commercialization

Expanding commercialization of outer space leads to new users (private enterprises, privatized state entities, privatized international organisations) and a quantity and quality of users of outer space not foreseen by the traditional instruments of space law. This session should examine whether and to what extent this new market and commercial community should be supported and regulated by a new legal framework including an efficient machinery to settle disputes which are bound
to arise more often in this competitive environment.

Chair:                                           Prof. Karl-Heinz Bockstiegel (Germany)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:          Ms. Anna Marie Balsano (ESA)

Commentators:                         Prof. V.S. Mani (India)
                                                                      Prof. K. Tatsuzawa (Japan)
                                                                     Mr.René Oosterlinck (ESA)

Discussion Paper Author:         Prof. Dr. Peter Malanczuk (The Netherlands)

Session 8: Friday, 23 July, 1999, 14:00--17:00

Maintaining the Space Environment

Chair:                                           Amb. Qizhi He (China)

Coordinator/Rapporteur:          Prof. Maureen Williams (Argentina)

Commentators:                         Mr. G. Lafferranderie (ESA)
                                                                      Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Böckstiegel (Germany)
                                                                      Prof. Maureen Williams (Argentina)

Discussion Paper Author:         Dr. Luboš Perek (Czech Republic)  

Executive Committee Session, Saturday, 24 July, 1999, 09:00-12:00

Workshop Summary: under supervision of N. Jasentuliyana, IISL President  

Contact address:    Dr. N. Jasentuliyana
                                                     President, IISL
                                                     Director, Office for Outer Space Affairs
                                                     UNOV, P.O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria
                                                     Fax:   (+43-1) 26060-5830,
                                                     Tel.:   (+43-1) 26060-4950

Coordinator:           Dr. Stephen E. Doyle
                                                     Coordinator, IISL
                                                     3431 Bridget Brae Road
                                                     Shingle Springs, CA 95682-8718, USA
                                                     Fax:   +1 916 925 2135 ,  Tel.: +1 916 925 8206

Workshop on Application of New Earth Observation Data


Organizer: NASDA

Co-organizers: NASDA, space agencies, space related institutes, etc.

Objectives: The main objective is to show the way how to utilize and apply Earth observation data for the daily life. Emphasis will be given to a new generation of instruments which can provide unique data with much greater potential for the benefit of humanity.

Chair: Ph.D. Toshihiro Ogawa
General Director of Research
Earth Observation Research Center, NASDA

Programme: The following subjects will be covered in presentations:

Preliminary schedule: Tuesday 27 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:00


Mr. Yoshiaki Kinoshita
International Affairs Division, External Relations Department
Fax: +81 3 5402-6516
Tel. : +81 3 3438-6233

Technical Forum on Climate Variability and Global Climate Change

Organizer: NASA

Objective: Meeting the goals of the Earth science requires using the global perspective of observations from space to understand the planet as a complex system (involving the atmosphere, oceans, land and ice surfaces and the living biosphere). The main issue to be addressed is a need for a balanced programme of space observations, airborne and ground-based measurements and modeling. An essential objective is to develop new observing techniques for measuring important factors and components of the system from space and, in international cooperation, define a global observing strategy to systematically sample relevant global properties.

Chair:     Dr. Robert Schiffer (NASA Headquarters, Office of Earth Sciences)

Co-chair/Rapporteur:      Dr. Sushel Unninayar (NASA/GSFC)


                  9.00 – 9.15 am:               Introduction (Chair/Co-Chair/Rapporteur):  Climate and Global Change Issues.  [Dr. Robert Schiffer     (NASA/HQ), Dr. Sushel Unninayar (NASA/GSFC)]

                  9.15 – 9.55 am:  Ozone Depletion, UVB and Atmospheric Chemistry.  [Dr. Richard Stolarski (NASA/GSFC)]

                  9.55 – 10.35 am:  Global Climate System Change and Observations.  [Dr. Kevin Trenberth (NCAR)]

                  10.35 – 11.15 am:  Predicting Decade-to-Century Climate Change: Prospects for Improving Models.  [ Dr. Richard Somerville  (SIO)]

                  11.15 – 11.55 pm:  Sun-Climate Connections.  [Dr. Judith Lean (NRL)]

                  12.00 – 2.30 pm----------------------------LUNCH--------------------------------------------------

                  2.30 – 3.10 pm:  Seasonal to Interannual Climate Variability and Predictability.   [Dr. Jagadish Shukla (COLA)]

                  3.10 – 3.50 pm:  El-Nino: Monitoring, Prediction, Applications, Impacts.  [Dr. Chester Ropelewski & Dr. Antonio  Moura (IRI)]

                  3.50 – 4.30 pm:  Understanding/Predicting Changes in Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystems; Links with the Global Carbon Cycle.  [Dr. Tony Janetos (WRI)]

                  4.30 – 4.45 pm:  Cooperation Between Space Agencies and the World Climate Programme (WCRP).  [Dr. Hartmut Grassl (WMO/WCRP)]

                  4.45 - 5.00 pm: Closing Remarks: Contemporary Global Change Science.  [Dr. Ghassem Asrar, Associate Administrator for Earth Science, NASA/HQ]

                  5.00 – 5.30 pm:  Panel Discussions: All Keynote Speakers and All Participants [Q/A and development of recommendations to be submitted to UN/COPUOS]
                  COLA: Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies
                  GSFC: Goddard Space Flight Center
                  IRI: International Research Institute for Climate Prediction
                  NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                  NCAR: National Center for Atmospheric Science
                  NRL: Naval Research Laboratory
                  SIO: Scripps Institution for Oceanography
                  WCRP: World Climate Research Programme
                  WMO: World Meteorological Organization

                Schedule: Tuesday 20 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:00 and 14:30 - 17:30

                Contact:      Ms. Lynn F. H. Cline
                                      Deputy Associate Administrator, Office of External Relations
                                      NASA Headquarters, Code I
                                      Washington, DC 20546-0001,, USA
                                      Fax: +1 202 358 2798, Tel.: +1 202 358 0450

Seminar on Global Health Issues

Coordinator: NASA, WHO

Objective:   This seminar will provide information on the activities of  the Center for Health Applications of Aerospace Related Technologies (CHAART), which has been established by the NASA's Life Sciences Division to provide technical support for interagency activities as well as outreach and training in the use of remote sensing technologies to studies of infectious disease. Through a series of NASA sponsored workshops, the user community has identified the lack of disease focused training as one of the major obstacles to implementing these technologies into medical research, surveillance and control programs on a global scale. Past participants in CHAART's training, will discuss the opportunities and obstacles they have faced in developing local remote sensing applications capability.

Chairman:    Byron  Wood (CHAART, NASA Ames Research Center)

Rapporteur:  Louisa  Beck (CHAART, NASA Ames Research Center)

Proposed Programme:
                  Introduction and Symposium Overview,  Byron  Wood     (5 min)
                  •             WHO Training in Geographic Information Systems for Research and Control of
                               Tropical Diseases (WHO/TDR Special Programme for Research and Training in
                               Tropical Diseases),  Steven Wayling                       (15 min)
                  •             NASA Training Center for Health Applications of Aerospace Related
                               Technologies (NASA Gravitational Biology and Ecology Program),  Mel
                               Averner     (15 min)
                Panel Discussion -  Speakers:
                  •             Gustavo Bretas – BRAZIL (Institute of Social Medicine, University do Estado
                               do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) (25 min)
                  •             Roberto Barrera – VENEZUELA (Instituto de Zoologia Tropical, Universidad
                               Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela) (25 min)
                  •             Magaran Bagayoko – MALI (Tropical Medical Research Center, Bamako, Mali) (25 min)
                  •             Ali Hassan – EGYPT (Division of Environmental Studies & Land Use, National
                               Authority for Remote Sensing & Space Sciences, Cairo, Egypt) (25 min)
                  •             Luo Dapeng – CHINA (Yunnan Institute of Malaria Control, Simao, China) (25 min)
                  •             Discussion (20 min)

Preliminary schedule:   Friday 23 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:     Ms. Lynn F. H. Cline
                                      Deputy Associate Administrator
                                      Office of External Relations
                                      NASA Headquarters, Code I
                                      Washington, DC 20546-0001,, USA
                                      Fax: +1 202 358 2798, Tel.: +1 202 358 0450

Organizer:    Mr. Byron L. Wood
                                         NASA Ames Research Center
                                         CHAART, Code SGE, MS 242-4, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
                                         Fax: (650) 604 4680, Tel.: (650) 604 4187 ; e-mail:

Roundtable on Tele-education

Organizer:   OOSA

Chair:       Dr. Jonathan Galloway, Department of Politics, Lake Forest College (U.S.)

Rapporteur: Mr. Kiran Karnik, Managing Director, Discovery Communications India (India)

Objective: The purpose of this Roundtable is to assess the present situation and perspectives of future development in discussion with experts working in the field of tele-education.

Programme:   The panelists will discuss the potential new role of the teacher as an educational strategist, a facilitator rather than lecturer, one able, through the use of the technologies, to help students understand the wider world around them. Emphasis will be given to a major potential of tele-education in fields such as teacher training, and particularly in rural areas and in some developing nations, where teachers are poorly trained because they lack the opportunity to begin with. Panelists will describe or demonstrate varying approaches being taken in different parts of the world.  Perhaps most importantly, they will share their knowledge of what works and what does not, and whether and how this technology will benefit the developing world and bring information affluence to those who most need it.

Draft programme:

Opening remarks by the Chairman (5 min.)

Dr. Andrea Kavanaugh, Director of Research, Blacksburg Electronic Village (Virginia, United States); title of her presentation to be announced. (20 min.)

Mr. Kiran Karnik, Managing Director, Discovery Communications India (India); title of his presentation to be announced. (20 min.)

Mr. Reinhard Keune, Head of the Mass Media Division of the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation of Bonn (Germany); presentation entitled "New Trends before the IPDC (International Programme for the Development of Communication) Council:  Will Tele-Education be a Priority?" (20 min.)

Dr. Ing. Aman Mostavan Dea, IPM, Laboratory of Heliotechnology, KBK Fisika Bangunan, Department of Engineering Physics, Institute of Technology Bandung (Indonesia); title of his presentation to be announced. (20 min.)

Dr. S. Ranganathan, Director, Centre for Space Research, Royal Military College, (Kingston, Ontario, Canada); title of his  presentation to be announced. (20 min.)

Ms. Helene Mignot, ALCATEL (France), "MEDSAT programme" (20 min.)

Discussions among the participants on possible recommendations to UNISPACE III (30-40 min.)

**NOTE:   The time allocated to each presentation includes time for questions and answers.

Possible list of documents to be distributed to the participants in advance:

1. paper developed for the roundtable by Dr. Peter Dirr, founder and Director of the Cable in the Classroom Professional Development Institute (Washington, D.C.; U.S.)

2. Draft report of UNISPACE III (A/CONF.184/3)

Schedule:    Friday 23 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:     Mr. S. Chernikov, OOSA

Workshop on Observations of Near Earth Objects

Organizer:  The Planetary Society

Co-organizers: NASA

Objective:  To review worldwide efforts to understand the natural near-Earth environment including the nature, population and the influence of near-Earth objects (NEO) on the planet, and to advance international opportunities for participation in these efforts, including in developing countries.

Chair:   Adriana Ocampo

                       •   Role of impacts on Planets, Michael Duke, Lunar Planetary Institute

                       •   Near Earth Objects - a review, A. Carusi, Spaceguard Foundation

                       •   Coordinating observation programs around the world, A. Carusi, S.Isobe, TBD

                               Report on IMPACT Workshop,Torino - TBD

                       •   Missions and international programs, L. Friedman, TPS

Preliminary schedule: Monday 26 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:     Mr. Louis Friedman
                                      Executive Director, The Planetary Society
                                      Fax: +1 626 793-5528    Tel.: +1 626 793-5100

Workshop on Mars Exploration

Organizer:   The Planetary Society

Coordinated with: NASA, ESA, RKA, ISAS, CNES, ASI, DLR

Objective:   To present the current knowledge and understanding of Mars, its importance in
                               the search for extraterrestrial life, plans and prospects for Mars exploration and
                               to seek new opportunities for international cooperation and global participation
                               in Mars exploration.

Chair: Louis Friedman, TPS


                       •   What we know and want to know about Mars
                             D, McCleese, R. Pellinen         50 min

                       •   The search for extraterrestrial life
                               C. McKay, A. Brack  50 min

                       •   Planned Missions of Exploration, International Programs
                               C. Elachi, R. Bonnet, R. Bonneville, H. Mizutani, S. diPippo      90 min

                        •   Panel Discussion         40 min
Preliminary schedule:
Monday 26 July 1999, 9:00 - 12:30

Contact:     Mr. Louis Friedman
                                      Executive Director, The Planetary Society
                                      Fax: +1 626 793-5528    Tel.: +1 626 793-5100

Workshop on Managing Space Programmes in Developing Countries: Experiences and Needs

Coordinator:     Indian Space Research organization (ISRO)

Scope:     Over the last few decades, a number of countries have initiated programmes. Many developing countries will be benefitted if the experience of the countries in managing their space programmes is presented during the conference. In this connection, the workshop will examine the overall objectives and achievements of space programmes of different countries, with special emphasis on management models used, and will aim to identify new applications of space science and technology which can be gainfully integrated into the developmental programmes in developing countries.


                  09:00 - 09:15       Chairman's Opening remarks - "Management of Space Programmes by Developing Countries (DC) - Issues and Perspectives"

                  09:15 - 09:30   Research and Technology initiatives for a DCs Space programme - The Indonesian Experience - Prof Dr H. Harijona Djojodohardjo, Chairman, LAPAN Indonesia

                  09:30 - 09:45   Development of Space Technology and Applications - Brazilian initiative, Dr. Marcio Nogueria Barbosa, Director General, INPE, Brazil
                  09:45 - 10:00   How can Developing Countries benefit from Space Technology and Applications, Shri K. R. Sridhara Murthi, Scientific Secretary, ISRO, India
                  10:00 - 10:15   Role of Small Satellites for Developing Countries - Prof. Datuk Dr. Mazlan Othman, Space Science Studies Division, Ministry of ST&E, Malaysia
                  10:15 - 10:30   Need for a comprehensive Space Applications Programme - Ms. Meryem Ben Mehrez, Dr. - Engineer in Space RS
                  10:30 - 10:45   Experiences in South Africa from the SUNSAT program - Mr.  Sias Mostert, South Africa
                  10:45 - 11:00   The Chines Experience of managing space activities - TBD (China)
                  11:00 - 11:15   Managing Space Programmes in Pakistan - Dr. Abdul Majid, Chairman, SUPARCO
                  11:15 - 12:00   Panel Discussion (panel of experts TBD)

Preliminary schedule:  Tuesday 20 July 1999, 9.00 - 12:00

Contact address: Mr. Shri K. R. Sridhara Murthi, Scientific Secretary, ISRO
                                                 Antariksh Bhavan, New Bel Road, Bangalore 560 094, India
                                                 Fax: +91 80 341 5298, Tel.: +91 80 341 6356

Session on International Standardization in Space Technology

Coordinator: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Objective:      The session should provide a strong bridge of understanding between standards developers and users of space technology and the related standardization. Several space system applications will be addressed that are of main benefit to developing countries and standards should be identified that will help deliver these services in a more economical manner. The principal space-based services to be covered are, among others, communications, including both telephony and broadcasting and remote sensing.

Chairman: Dr. Macgregor s. Reid, JPL (retired)

Rapporteur:     Mr. James E. French, Secretary, ISO

Preliminary programme:

                  •      International Standardization as a Process, Mr. François Abram, ISO Secretariat,
                  •      Space Communication Systems, Mr. Edward Tuck, Teledesic Corp.,   Los Angeles
                  •      Space Remote Sensing Systems, Mr. Michel Laffaiteur, CNES, Paris
                  •      Humans in Space - The International Space Station, Mr. Manfred Lehde, DaimlerChrysler (DASA/RI), Bremen
                  •      Benefits of Space Data Systems for Developing Countries, Dr. Klaus Lenhart, ESA. European Space Operations Center, Darmstadt
                  •      Data Archiving and Space Data Interchanging, Dr. David Giaretta, British National Space Center, Oxfordshire, UK

                  •      There will be a time for questions following the presentations

Participants:   members of the ISO Subcommittee TC20/SC13 on Space Data and Information Transfer Systems, ISO Subcommittee SC14 on Space Systems and Operations.

Preliminary schedule: Tuesday 27 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact address:      Mr. James E. French, Secretary, ISO TC20/SC14
                                                     AIAA,1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500
                                                     Reston, VA 20191-4344, USA
                                                     Fax: +1 (703) 264 7551, Tel.: +1 (703) 264 7570


Organizer:     Austrian Association for Life Science Activities around the International Space Station (Plattform ‘Österreich auf die ISS‘– POIS)

Scope:  The global political and economic changes and scientific developments of the last decade have significantly improved the opportunities for space life science research.  The evolution of space research is under less government control and has become more guided by the common interest of the results of space science and especially space life science projects.  The possibilities of international collaboration of scientists have tremendously improved during the last years. So the international scientific programs around the ISS, beside the governmental organized research, can be oriented to a more industry-sponsored and independent scientific collaboration.  In this context, the panelists will discuss the ways to establish and encourage greater interaction between Governments and industry so as to allows both industrialized and developing countries to better benefit from a process of the internationalization and opening of Space Life Science research and increase the possibilities to use Space Life Science activities for scientific, economic, social and cultural development.

Chair:    K. Pseiner, ASA

Programme:  Panellists will address the following issues (short overview with discussion):

                        •     The impact of profound changes of conditions for Space Life Science that have taken place since UNISPACE 82 (past and present situation of Space Life Science).
                        •     Perspectives and problems of the internationalization and opening of the Space Life Science programs on the ISS.
                        •     Collaboration between space agencies and industries in the development of space markets in Life Science research.
                        •     Transfer of spin-offs resulting from Space Life Science Research to terrestrial applications (Benefits to terrestrial improvement of Life Science, medical and social activities).
                        •     Role of space agencies in the development of an appropriate international and independent structure needed to evaluate, organize and promote Space Life Science programs and its spin-offs.
                        •     Benefits of the internationalization and opening of space life science to developing countries.


                       High-level Life Science representatives of leading space companies and major space agencies (e.g., CNES, China National Space Administration, ESA, ISRO, NASA, NASDA, RKA, etc.)

                       The Plenary of the Forum should take note of the conclusion and the recommendations of the Life Science workshop of how to guide Space Life
                       Science activities into the first half of the 21st century.

Preliminary schedule: Tuesday, 27 July 1999, 14:30 - 17:30

Contact:  Mr. Nikolaus Steinhoff, General Secretary POIS,
                                   Dept. of Neurology, University Vienna
                                   Waehringer Guertel 18-20
                                   A-1090 Vienna
                                   Tel: + 43-1-40400 3120
                                   Fax: + 43-1-40400 3141

Industrial Utilization of the International Space Station

Organizer:          DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, Bremen, Germany

Coordinator:  Claudia Kessler

Chairman:           Sami Gazey

Objective:     This technical forum will be a platform to discuss questions of how to use the International Space Station (ISS) and show ways to access the station. It will also discuss means to share the use of the ISS with the general public and to stimulate the involvement of developing countries in the utilization. This
technical forum will represent a competent industrial interface to potential ISS users from non- or less-advanced space fairing nations. It will focus on:
                        •   development of interest in microgravity research through support of corresponding ground research,
                        •   consultancy and support in experiment preparation and financing,
                        •   support of experiment hardware development, integration and test,
                        •   handling of experiment logistics,
                        •   provision of communication and data links between user and experiment,
                        •   provision of data distribution, processing and evaluation.

Programme:     Presentations are given by invited speakers and will focus on the utilization of the Space Station:
                        •   Overview on the Space Stations capabilities
                        •   Industrial operation and utilization of  the space station
                        •   Utilization of the ISS
                        •   Examples of industrial utilization
                        •   General discussion of user needs and requirements

Invited speakers
                        •   Dr. Hartmut Ripken, Coordinator for Space Station Utilization Preparation, German Space Agency (DLR)
                        •   Helmut Luttmann, Managing Director, BEOS - Bremen Engineering Operations Science
                        •   Dr. T. R. Kamali, Managing Director CERT, Abu Dhabi, UAE
                        •   Wolfram Lork, Head of Business Development, Payloads and Utilization, Daimler Chrysler Aerospace
                        •   Kenneth A. Jackson, Director, Research Bussiness Development, Spacehab, USA
                        •   MSS-4, International Space University, Straßbourg

Preliminary Schedule: Tuesday, July 27, 9:00 - 12:00 or Wednesday, July 28

Contact:  Ms. Claudia Kessler
                                   European Union Affairs,DaimlerChrysler Aerospace
                                   Box 286156, Bremen, D-28361, Germany
                                   Fax: +49 421 539-4155,    Tel.: +49 421 539-4250

Workshop on Developing Indigenous Earth Observation
Industrial Capabilities in Developing Countries

27 July, Tuesday, 9:00-12:00, 14:30-17:30

Room C/Vienna International Centre

Sponsor: CANADA

Objective: Assist developing countries developing indigenous, self-sustaining, Earth observation industrial capabilities.

Description: The Government of Canada will host a day-long Workshop on: (1) the trends and factors leading towards the development of indigenous and sustainable Earth observation industrial capabilities in developing countries; and (2) the practical, appropriate policies which governments can implement to assist and encourage this process, borrowing, where appropriate, from the Canadian model and experience. The emphasis will be on capacity building and strategic partnering between government and industry.

Concept: To create an industry in earth observation four elements are required. There must be:

A suitable government policy framework;

A need or want within the country or region in question;

A suitable business environment to attract entrepreneurs - including access to capital, human resources, knowledge, and potential for sustained profit;

Suitable technology to deliver solutions.

This workshop will address the steps necessary to create these four elements.


The factors to create an industry will be discussed by experts during the first two and one half hours (10:00 to 12:30). There will be three or four discussion papers and a panel discussion period. Between 12:30 and 1:00 there will be a charge to break-out groups and these break-out groups will convene.

In the afternoon from 14:30 until 16:30 the breakout groups will re-convene to address the charge to each one, and will prepare a set of comments and recommendations. These will be presented in plenary session by rapporteurs. A summary of these will be prepared for distribution to international agencies, and space agencies in developed and underdeveloped countries.


Chair:                          Mr. Michel Giroux Director, External Relations, Canadian Space Agency

                                    Dr. Ade Abiodun Expert on Space Applications, UN OOSA

Dr. Bob Ryerson International Consultant in Remote Sensing, Natural Resource Evaluation, and Environmental Monitoring

Other key international experts from around the world are being contacted and invited to participate.

Each of the four position paper presentations would include a short paper with a summary outline of not more than three pages in bullet or point format. All of the panelists should have access to the four position papers first.

Policy and Regulatory Framework: Constraints and Current Practice – CSA (M. Giroux) (15 minutes)

The Issues Driving the Technology Needs of a Developing Country – (15 minutes)

Technology Available to Meet These Needs: Dr. E. Shaw (20 minutes)

A Business Perspective on the Necessary Environment (Dr. R. Ryerson) (20 minutes) (This will bring in research from the World Bank on building sustainable indigenous industry in developing countries.)

Panelists include a number senior individuals from national governments and international organizations from around the world

Response from a Developing Country (10 minutes)

View from an International Advisory Agency (10 minutes)

An Underdeveloped Country Industry Response (10 minutes)

View from a Technology Research Organization in a Developing Country View from an Applications Research Organization in a developing Country

Charge to the Breakout Sessions: Dr. R. Ryerson

Breakout sessions:

The number of breakout sessions will depend on the number and background of participants. We would expect them to enumerate the key issues facing international agencies, as well as developed and less developed countries’ space agencies and industry. We hope that they would also develop a basic set of recommendations. Each session would be chaired by senior individuals. Other senior individuals would be rapporteurs.

Identify regulatory and policy constraints

Identify suitable market niches for developing country industry

Identify suitable forms of relationships between developed and less developed countries to foster industrial development

Suggest three major practical recommendations that could be made on each of policy framework, needs that can be met by a developing country’s industry, the technology base, and the business models that are likely to be successful. These recommendations would be distributed to developing and developed country space agencies, international organizations, and both developed and less developed country industry.

Reports by the Rapporteurs:

Discussion: Dr. Ryerson, Dr. Abiodun, and other senior international experts

Workshop on Geospatial Data Access

26 July, Monday, 9:00-12:00, 14:30-17:30

Room C/Vienna International Centre

Sponsor: CANADA

Objective:Explore the emerging convergence of wireless communication, Earth observation data and Global Positioning System technologies with special focus on international cooperation towards a global geospatial information infrastructure.

Description: The Government of Canada will host a Workshop in two parts:

Discussion on issues concerning direct international access to earth observation and related geospatial data bases through the information highway. Current technologies from Europe, Australia and North America will be demonstrated.

Discussion on application priorities for direct access to space-derived information in the field, such as mobile offices for forestry and disaster management operations. Demonstrations of existing technologies will enrich these discussions.

Chair: Dr. Robert O’Neil Director, Geo Access Division, Geomatics Canada

Participants: Dr. Peter Holland Australia

Dr. Peter Churchill Joint Research Council, EU

Mr. Douglas O’Brien Canada Centre for Remote Sensing

Mr. Frank Hegyi British Columbia Association of Professional Foresters

Dr. Peter Winkler Hungarian Remote Sensing Centre

Dr. Natalia Malysheva Russian Forestry Service

********** in addition (14.5.) Dr. J. Moeller, USGS

Other international experts will participate in the technology demonstrations.

Workshop 1: Direct Access to Earth Observation Data Bases (9:00 to 12:00)

Presentations (1 hr.)

-- The Australian experience in developing a regional geospatial infrastructure

Dr. Peter Holland (20 min.)

-- Collaboration among European Union countries towards bridging the gap between end-users and earth observation data and service providers

Dr. Peter Churchill (20 min.)

-- The Canadian experience in providing cost-effective, near real-time access to earth observation data through the Canadian Earth Observation Network

Mr. Douglas O’Brien (20 min.)

Technical demonstration (1 hr., 20 min.)

An online demonstration of access to geospatial data bases will be presented to display the current capabilities of European, Australian and North American networks. Audience participation will be encouraged throughout.

Panel on future directions (40 min.)

The three presenters will give a 5-minute outline of their organizations’ plans to make their data access networks fully operational and will give their views on how the technology will advance. The audience will then be invited to join in panel discussions.

Workshop 2: Geospatial Data Access in the Field (14:30 to 17:30)

Presentations (1 hr.)

-- Current and emerging space technologies to satisfy emergency and operational needs in the field, focussing on the mobile office.

Mr. Frank Hegyi (30 min.)

-- The Hungarian experience with distributed geospatial information.

Dr. Peter Winkler (15 min.)

-- The needs of resource managers for timely, cost-effective information to guide field operations; barriers to adoption of new positioning and telecommunication technologies.

Dr. Natalia Malysheva (15 min.)

Technical demonstration (1 hr., 15 min.)

Live demonstrations of wireless data transmission and tracking of personnel and vehicles will be presented to illustrate the capabilities of current operational systems. These will include data access in a dispatch environment, integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) and wireless communication integrated with graphic displays. Demonstrations will focus on disaster management and forest operations themes using Russian, Hungarian, Australian and Canadian data sets but these may be extended to include data to be provided by UNISPACE III participants from developing countries.

Panel discussion (40 min.)

Presenters will give a 5-minute statement of their views on priorities for new applications and on technology advances to facilitate these. The audience will be invited to join in the discussion of issues emerging.

Closing remarks: Dr. Robert O’Neil (5 min.)

A report on findings from panel discussions will be prepared by the Chair and participants.

Preserving the Astronomical Sky
Vienna, 12-16 July 1999

Symposium 196 of the International Astronomical Union
in conjunction with UNISPACE III

(preliminary program)

Threats to Optical Astronomy

Monday 12 July

0900 Welcome and Overview - H. Haubold, J. Andersen, W. Sullivan

0920 Light pollution: Changing the situation to everyone's advantage - D. Crawford (USA)

0955 Broader environmental aspects of loss of the night - T. Ferris (USA)

1020 Nighttime satellite views of Earth - W. Sullivan (USA)

1045 Break

1105 The value of ground-based astronomy - M. Smith (Chile)

1130 The effect of light pollution on astronomy's largest facilities - R. Giacconi* (Germany) [asterisk: not yet confirmed]

1200 Space art and advertising - P. Murdin* (UK)

1230 Lunch

1400 History and present status of IAU actions - J. Andersen (Denmark)

1425 International actions to combat adverse envoronmental impacts to astronomy - D. McNally (UK)

1450 Public education to preserve the astronomical windows - J. Percy (Canada)

1515 Communicating the issues to the media - R. West (Germany)

1540 Break

1600 The threat to radio astronomy from manmade interference - R. Ekers (Australia)

1625 The CIE (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage): What it is and how it works - C. Hermann (Austria)

1645 Recent CIE activities on minimizing interference to optical observatories - D. Schreuder (Netherlands)

1710 Activities of the CIE Committee on Obtrusive Lighting - N. Pollard

1735 End

Tuesday 13 July

0900 Technical developments in lamps and fixtures [speaker to be determined]

0930 Why astronomy needs low-pressure sodium street lighting - C. Luginbuhl (USA)

0955 Educating the public about light pollution - S. Isobe (Japan)

1020 Methods and results of estimating light pollution in Flanders

- J. Vandewalle, D. Knapen, T. Polfliet, H. Dejonghe (Belgium)

1040 Break

1100 Technical issues in current light pollution studies in Italy - P. Cinzano (Italy)

1125 Local lighting ordinances as an effective tool to limit light pollution - D. Davis (USA)

1150 Light pollution education and action in Greece - M. Metaxa (Greece)

1215 Technical and judicial problems concerning regulations on light pollution in Italy - M. Di Sora, Zitelli, F. Ferrini (Italy)

1235 Lunch


Threats to Radio Astronomy

1400 Overview - J. Cohen (UK)

1415 Forty years of radio astronomy and international telecommunications regulations - B. Robinson (Australia)

1445 The history and present status of satellite radio technology - J. Evans* (USA)

1510 Radio Astronomy in the Age of Wireless Communications - P. VandenBout (USA)

1535 Break

1555 ALMA (Atacoma Large Millimetre Array, Chile) and other planned major radio telescopes - R. Booth (Sweden) or S. Guilloteau* (France)

1620 The cultural value of radio astronomy - W. Sullivan (USA)

1640 Regulatory approaches to protecting radio astronomy - W. Baan (Netherlands)

1705 World Radio Conference WRC-2000 - K. Ruf (Germany)

1735 End

Wednesday 14 July

0900 Emerging threats to radio astronomy - T. Gergeley (USA)

0925 Frequency management and regulation in Europe -T. Spoelstra (Netherlands)

0950 Educating the public about interference to radio observatories - D. Finley (USA)

1010 Preserving radio astronomy in developing nations - G. Swarup (India)

1035 Break

1055 Electronic techniques for coping with RFI - R. Fisher (USA)

1120 RFI Monitoring and Databases - W. van Driel (France)

1145 Protecting space-based radio astronomy - V. Altunin (USA)

1210 Millimetre-wave astronomy protection - Masatoshi Ohishi* (Japan)

1230 Lunch

1400 Steps to establish international radio-quiet zones - H. Butcher (Netherlands)

1430 A potential site for the world's largest single dish, FAST - B. Peng, R. Strom, R. Nan (China)

1450 GPS satellite interference in Hungary - I. Fejes, T. Borza (Hungary)

Space Debris Issues

1510 The space debris environment: Past and present - W. Flury (Germany)

1540 Break

1600 Impact of space debris on ground-based astronomy - D. McNally (UK)

1630 UN discussion on space debris - L. Perek* (Czech Republic)

1700 End

Thursday 15 July


The two Thursday workshops (in separate rooms) provide an informal opportunity for participants to discuss important issues in more detail; to develop technical, organizational, and political strategies; and to produce written "observations, recommendations, and proposals" to be considered on Friday, revised, and then passed on to the UNISPACE III conference. Listed topics will be considered in sequence, with the indicated leaders. The exact length and program for each topic will be determined Wednesday midday. Persons wishing to suggest detailed discussion topics or to contribute with short talks should contact the appropriate leader.

Schedule for workshops: 0900-1030, break, 1050-1230, lunch, 1400-1530, break, 1550-1730.

Radio Workshop

Regulatory strategies other than WRC/ITU - H. Butcher

Resolutions to WRC-2000 - K. Ruf

Public awareness of radio interference - D. Finley

Technical methods and strategies for RFI mitigation - R. Fisher

RFI databases - W. van Driel

Draft observations, recommendations, and proposals - W. Baan

Optical Workshop

International action regarding lights in space - D. McNally

International action regarding ground-based lights - N. Pollard

Strategies for local and national action - D. Crawford

Public awareness of threats to optical astronomy - J. Percy

Technical and organizational issues in monitoring light pollution - M. Smith

Draft observations, recommendations, and proposals - J. Andersen

Friday 16 July

0900 Reports from Optical Workshop & presentation of draft statements for UNISPACE - Workshop leaders

1030 Break

1050 Reports from Radio Workshop & presentation of draft statements for UNISPACE - Workshop leaders

1220 Lunch

1400 Discussion and adoption of optical statements - J. Andersen

1450 Break

1510 Discussion and adoption of radio statements - R. Booth

1610 Conclusions (optical) - D. Crawford

1625 Conclusions (radio) - J. Cohen

1640 Closing - H. Haubold

1650 End

Poster papers

The artificial night sky glow at Kottamia Observatory from Cairo: Light pollution and energy loss - A. Osman (Egypt)

Sky glow measurements in the Netherlands - D. Schreuder (Netherlands)

How to modify urban lighting at little expense - M. Di Sora (Italy)

Japanese government official guidelines for reduction of light pollution - S. Isobe (Japan)

Light pollution in Quebec - Y. Dutil (Canada)

Aircraft and jet contrails - H. Pedersen* (Denmark)

The contribution of planetaria to public education on light pollution - A. Haenel or T. Kraupe* (Germany)

Radio interference in astronomical observatories of China - B. Peng, R. Nan, T. Piao, D. Jiang, Y. Su, S. Wu, R. Strom, X. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. Liu (China)

Radio interference and rejection techniques at Beijing Astronomical Observatory - X. Zhang, T. Piao, X. Wang, B. Peng (China)

Astronomical sites in Ukraine: Current status and problems of preservation - I. Vavilova (Ukraine)


Special Educational Workshop on Capacity Building in Astronomy and

Basic Space Science 20-23 July 1999





Tuesday, 20 July 1999

09:00-12:00 For Sessions 1-3 : Allotted times include time for questions

Session 1 : Introduction

(10 m*) Why astronomy and basic space science ? Johannes Andersen (Denmark)

(30 m*) On the introduction of science into a country with no scientific tradition Mazlan Othaman (Malaysia)

Session 2: Existing organisations for international education in    basic space science and astronomy

(40 m*) International Astronomical Union

                Commission on Education in Astronomy and Working Group for the Worldwide Development of Astronomy. Julieta Fierro (Mexico)

                International Schools for Young Astronomers Michele Gerbaldi

                Project : Teaching for Astronomy Development Donat G. Wentzel (USA)

(15 m*) The Asian-Pacific Regional Meetings in Astronomy and the journal Teaching of Astronomy in Asian-Pacific Region S. Isobe (Japan)

(15 m*) Working Group on Space Sciences in Africa Peter Martinez (South Africa), François R. Querci (France)

(10 m*) Latin-American space physics associations Marcos Machado (Argentina)

(40 m*) UN/ESA Workshops on Basic Space Sciences and The World Space Observatory  Hans Haubold (UN/OOSA) Hans Haubold Willem                    Wamsteker (Spain)

July 20, 14:30 - 17:30

Session 3 : Existing organizations continued

(65 m*) UN Centres for Sapce Science and Technology Education, Tania Maria Sausen (Brazil), G.S. Agarwal (India)

(15 m*) Brief reports on other organizations COSPAR Panel on Space Research in Developing Countries, Peter Willmore (UK)

                Project for Mediterranean Astronomy Federico Ferrini (Italy) [written report]

Session 4: Examples of development

(25 m*) Argentina Marcos Machado (Argentina)

(25 m*) Indonesia - Tapping meager resources for science, Bambang Hidayat (Indonesia)

(30 m*) Extended discussion

July 21, 9:00 - 12:00

Session 5 : Science for the public

(30 m*) Science for the public in developing countries Julieta Fierro (Mexico)

(30 m*) Extended discussion, including draft of resolution

Session 6 : Science for the schools, low-tech

(30 m*) Astronomy and teacher training in the French schools Michele Gerbaldi (France)

(20 m*) Astronomy in the Malaysian schools Mazlan Othman ( Malaysia)

(20 m*) Effective learning and teaching in astronomy John Percy (Canada)

(30 m*)  Extended discussion, including draft of resolution

July 21, 14:30 - 17:30

Session 7 : Science for the schools, high-tech

(30 m*) Using space science data in secondary schools : Benefits and challenges, Isabel Hawkins (USA)

(20 m*) "Hands-on Astrophysics"and beyong John Percy (Canada)

(30 m*) Extended discussion, including draft of resolution

Session 8 : Interdisciplinary nature of astronomy and basic space sciences

(15 m*) An outline of what may be ‘interdisciplinary astronomy and basic space science’, Derek McNally (U.K.)

(25 m*) International Space University Michael J. Rycroft (France)

(20 m*) A network approach to multi-disciplinary training in space science and technology, Marius-Ioan Piso (Romania)

(20 m*) Discussion, including draft of resolution

July 23, 9:00 - 12:00

Session 9 : University science strategy

(20 m*) University research and the wealth of the nation Bambang Hidayat (Indonesia)

(30 m*) National strategies for science development, Donat G.Wentzel(USA)

(30 m*) Strategies for development based on international organizations, B.L. Deekshatulu (India)

(30 m*) Extended discussion, including draft of resolution

Session 10 : (40 m*) Resolutions

Public science - Julieta Fierro (Mexico)

Schools John Percy (Canada)

Interdisciplinary nature Michael Rycroft (France)

Strategies for university science development Johannes Andersen (Denmark)

(10 m*) Concluding remarks Johannes Andersen (Denmark)

Commission on Education in Astronomy and Working Group for the Worldwide Development of Astronomy

Mail and e-mail addresses of speakers for IAU-COSPAR-UN workshop:

G.S. AGARWAL Director, Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangapura, Ahmedabad 380 009, India,

Johannes ANDERSEN General Secretary, IAU, 98 bis Blvd Arago, F-75014 Paris, France. Email:

D.L. DEEKSHATULU Director, Centre for Space Science and Technology Education, IIRS Campus, P.B. No. 22, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehra Dun 248 001, India. Email:

Federico FERRINI Universita di Pisa, Dpt. Fisica, Piazzo Torriecelli 2, I-56100 Pisa, Italy. Email:

Julieta FIERRO Instituto de Astronomia, UNAM, Apdo Postal 70-264, Cd. Universitaria, Mexico DF, CP 04510, Mexico,

Michele GERBALDI Institut d’Astrophysique, 98, bis Blvd Arago, F-75014 Paris, France. Email:

Hans HAUBOLD UN Outer Space Office, Room E-0947, Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria

Isabel HAWKINS University of California Berkeley, Space Sciences Lab, Centre for Science Education, MC 7450, Berkeley CA 94720-7450, USA. Email:

Bambang HIDAYAT Bosscha Observatory, Lembang 40391, Java, Indonesia Email:

Syuzo ISOBE National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka City, Tokyo 181, Japan,

Marcos MACHADO CNIE, Avenida Mitre 3100, 1663 San Miguel (Bs.As), Argentina Email:

Peter MARTINEZ South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa,

Derek MCNALLY University of London Observatory, Mill Hill Park, London NW7 2QS, UK,

Mazlan OTHMAN BAKSA, Planetarium Negara, 53 Jln. Perdana, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,

John PERCY Department of Astronomy, Erindale Campus, University of Toronto, Mississauga ON, Canada L5L 1C6,

M.I. PISO Romanian Space Agency, Bd. Ana Ipatescu 21, 71111 Bucharest, Romania,

François R. QUERCI Observatoire Midi-Pyrenees, 14 Avenue E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France,

Michael J. RYCROFT International Space University, Parc d’Innovation, Blvd Gonthier d’Andernach, F-67400 Illkirch, France,

Tania Maria SAUSEN Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias, Av. Dos Astronautas 1758, Cx P. 515, CEP 12201-970 Sao Jose dos Campos, SP Brazil, Email:

Willem WAMSTEKER VILSPA, Villafranca, Ap 50727, Madrid 28080, Spain,

Donat G. WENTZEL Dept. Of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park MD 20742, USA,

Peter WILLMORE, School of Physics and Space Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK, Email:

Workshop Summary Sheet - 11 June 1999


VIC, Vienna, Austria

22 July 1999, 0900-1200, Room B


"Resource Mapping from Space"

Organized by: John Trinder (Secretary General ISPRS) and Klaas Jan Beek (Congress Director ISPRS)

The Workshop will cover space sensors for Earth observation and their applications for land use/land cover studies, including high resolution electro-optical imagery, hyperspectral and radar from space. The Workshop will describe the characteristics of these systems and their potential for land cover mapping, resource and climate monitoring, and applications for sustaining development. Methods of data fusion and its benefits for terrain analysis will also be discussed.

The Workshop will be Co-Chaired by Prof. John Trinder (UNSW, Australia) and Prof. Klaas Jan Beek (ITC, The Netherlands). Speakers and topics include:

Prof. A. Skidmore (ITC, The Netherlands): Vegetation, Rangeland Degradation, Radar/Tropical Forest Management Monitoring

Prof. G. Konecny (Univ. Hannover, Germany): Remote Sensing Technology

Dr. Lucien Wald (Ecole des Mines de Paris, France): "Data Fusion for a Better Exploitation of Data in Environment and Earth Observation Sciences"

Dr. D. P. Rao (NRSA, India): "Sustainable Development and Remote Sensing"

Dr. Ir. Wim G.M. Bastiaanssen (IWMI, The Netherlands): "Monitoring Water Resources and Agro-Ecosystem Productivity from Space"

Lennart Olsson (Lund Univ., Sweden): "Monitoring from Space of Global Vegetation and Land Use Change - Recent Advances and Imminent Possibilities"

Workshop Format:

The three hour workshop will be comprised of a series of six presentations, 20 minutes each, followed by a panel discussion for 60 minutes.

The Workshop Co-Chairs and Rapporteurs are Prof. John Trinder (UNSW, Australia) and Prof. Klaas Jan Beek (ITC, The Netherlands)

Technical Facilities Available :

Overhead Projector

35 mm slide projector



speakers microphone

2 hours with podium; 1 hour with panel setup

Note: no simultaneous interpretation

Workshop Summary Sheet - 10 June 1999

VIC, Vienna, Austria
22 July 1999, 1430-1730, Room B

Remote Sensing for the Detection, Monitoring and    Mitigation of Natural Disasters

Organized by: Lawrence W. Fritz (President ISPRS) and Madeleine Godefroy (EARSeL Secretariat)

The Workshop will focus on the role of remote sensing in detection, monitoring and mitigation of natural disasters, in particular floods, typhoons and hurricanes, land degradation and erosion, forest fires, volcanoes, desertification and drought monitoring and pollution monitoring. Discussions will be held on problems related to the different spatial and time scales and the different geophysical parameters monitored. Emphasis will be on the analytical and critical evaluation of the present status and perspectives for future progress in this field.

The Workshop will be Co-Chaired by Prof. Heinz Ruether (UCT, South Africa) and Dr. Lucien Wald (Ecole des Mines de Paris, France). Speakers and topics include:

Prof. Preben Gudmandsen (TU, Denmark): Natural Disasters - Remote Sensing Capabilities and Applications in a Wide Context

Dr. François Cauneau (Ecole des Mines de Paris): Monitoring Oil Spills from Space: State of the Art and Perspectives

Jerome Béquignon (ESA, Italy): Space Technology and Earthquake Hazard Management

Prof. Dietrich Bannert (UNESCO, Germany): ANatural Hazards of geological Origin: Erosion, Land Degradation/Desertification, Volcanoes - The UNESCO/IUGS Geological Application of Remote Sensing (GARS)-Programme

Dr. Mohamed Aït Belaïd (CRTS, Morocco): ARemote Sensing Systems for Drought & Desertification Monitoring@

Dr. Adam Lisenbarth (IGIK, Poland): Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing in Monitoring, Prediction and Prevention of Environmental Disasters

Dr. Vern Singhroy (CCRS, Canada): Remote Sensing Techniques for Mapping and Monitoring of Pollution and Hazardous Waste Sites

Ms. Helen Wood (NOAA, USA): Operational Use of Environmental Satellite Data for Hazards Applications  

Workshop Format

The three-hour Workshop will comprise a series of eight presentations, ~20 minutes each including discussion.

The Workshop will begin with an invited introduction to the role of remote sensing followed by seven invited presentations on specific disaster categories. The Workshop Co-Chairs and Rapporteurs are Prof. Heinz Rüther (UCT, South Africa) and Dr. Lucien Wald (Ecole des Mines de Paris, France).

Technical Facilities Available

Overhead Projector, 35 mm slide projector, flip-chart, pointer, speakers microphone

Note: This Workshop will be provided with simultaneous interpretation

Seminar Summary Sheet - 10 June 1999
VIC, Vienna, Austria
23 July 1999, 0900-1200, Room A

"Environment and Remote Sensing for Sustainable Development"

Organized by Lawrence W. Fritz (President ISPRS) and Alex Tuyahov (Manager of NASA Earth Science Applications and Research Program)

The Seminar will focus on the application of space remote sensing sciences and technologies to issues of importance to developing countries, such as agriculture, infrastructure, environment and decision making, from the perspectives of governments and private space technology providers, as well as from regional representatives of the user community. Presentations will be followed by a Round Table panel discussion on issues for the remote sensing community to address.

The Seminar will be Co-Chaired by Lawrence Fritz (Lockheed Martin, USA) and Alex Tuyahov (NASA, USA) with the panel discussion

Co-Chaired by: Prof. Ray Harris (UCL, UK) and Dr. Charles Hutchinson (Univ. of Arizona).

Speakers and organizations represented include:

Dr. Ghassem Asrar (NASA, USA)

Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan (ISRO, India)

Mr. Guy Duchossois (ESA, France)

Mr. Marcio Barbosa (INPE, Brazil)

Dr. Takashi Moriyama (NASDA, Japan)

Mr. John Neer (Space Imaging, USA)

Mr. Jelle Hielkema (FAO, Italy)

Mr. Bob Kakuyo (UNEP, Kenya)

Seminar Format

The three hour Seminar will be comprised of a series of eight presentations, 15 minutes each, followed by a panel discussion of 60 minutes.

During the session the speakers will each be invited to present an overview of the relevant activities and perspectives of their respective organization. These presentations, with commentary from the chair, are expected to cover two hours. The session will be Co-chaired by a representative from ISPRS Council (L. Fritz, Lockheed Martin Corp.) and a representative from NASA (A. Tuyahov).

All discussion, (Q&A) will be in a follow-on third hour devoted to a Roundtable discussion on Remote Sensing issues (with the same speakers) to develop dialog with the audience and to surface issues of concern and recommendations. Prof. Ray Harris (UCL, UK) and Dr. Charles Hutchinson (Univ. of Arizona) are the Seminar Rapporteurs and will Co-chair the Roundtable discussion.

Technical Equipment Available

Overhead Projector, 35 mm slide projector, flip-chart, pointer, speakers microphone, 2 hours with podium; 1 hour with panel setup

Note: no simultaneous interpretation.