Uganda: Child soldiers at centre of mounting humanitarian crisis
With an armed rebellion threatening to undermine Uganda’s progress to
economic development, child soldiers emerge as central figures amid deadly
violence and growing humanitarian emergency.
The bustling capital city of Kampala, located in the south, exemplifies
Uganda’s transformation from a country plagued by economic decay to
prosperity. With a revitalized GDP growth of more than 8% over the past
three years, Uganda comes across as a compelling story of hope for other
African nations. However, an armed insurgency in northern and eastern Uganda
has created one of Africa’s largest displaced populations.
The 18-year old rebellion of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) against the
government has forced over 1.6 million Ugandans - half of them children - to
flee to squalid and overcrowded camps in order to escape wanton attacks and
killings. The number of internally displaced persons has almost tripled
since 2002. Attacks on soft civilian targets continue, carried out by child
soldiers much younger than their victims.
The most disturbing aspect of this humanitarian crisis is the fact that
this is a war fought by children on children - minors make up almost 90% of
the LRA’s soldiers. Some recruits are as young as eight and are inducted
through raids on villages. They are brutalized and forced to commit
atrocities on fellow abductees and even siblings. Those who attempt to
escape are killed. For those living in a state of constant fear, violence
becomes a way of life and the psychological trauma is incalculable. Fearing
abduction, streams of children, often with mothers in tow, leave their homes
every night and walk for hours from surrounding villages to reach the
relative safety of major towns, only to trek their way home in the first
light. Some 40,000 “night commuters” sleep under verandas, in schools,
hospital courtyards or bus parking places to evade the snare of the LRA.
Since the rebellion began in the 1980s, some 30,000 children have been
abducted to work as child soldiers and porters, or to serve as “wives” of
rebels and bear their children. These numbers have soared, with 10,000
children abducted in the past 18 months alone.
Despite the gravity of the humanitarian situation, less than 10% of the
$130 million requested by the humanitarian community for 2004 has been
received. In some areas, malnutrition rates as high as 30% have been
recorded among children. Fear of rebel attacks badly hit the planting season
for 2004, threatening to aggravate the already severe food shortages in the
coming months. Health facilities barely function as stocks run out and
health workers flee to escape LRA attacks.
Even as a peace process makes significant progress in neighbouring Sudan,
the peace in Uganda is made tenuous by these developments. The “success
story” that Uganda represents in the minds of the world’s economic policy
makers presents a jarring contrast with the tragedy of conflict in the north
and east that shows no signs of abating.
For further information:
Mr. Christian Boatswain, Political Affairs
Officer, UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA)
Tel: (1 212) 963-0219;
Ms. Stephanie Bunker, Spokesperson (New York), UN Office for the
Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Tel: (1 917) 367-5126;
Mr Agostinho Zacarias, Chief, Coordination, Advocacy and Programme
Development Unit UN Office of the Special Adviser on Africa
Tel: (1 212)
E-mail: email@example.com ;
Mr. Henrik Haggstrom, Acting Chief, Outreach Unit Office of the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict
(1 212) 963-0879,