Changing Consumption and Production Patterns was on the
agenda of the 7th session of the CSD for a comprehensive review.
The Commission evaluated progress since 1992 and discussed priorities
for the period 1999-2002.
The preparations for the review of Changing Consumption and
Production Patterns at the 1999 session included a number of
Report on changing consumption and production patterns (E/CN.17/1999/2);
The SG report reviews the Work Program on Changing Consumption
and Production Patterns by the UN and by other international,
governmental, and non-governmental organizations, and proposes
priorities for work in this area for the period 1999-2002.
2. UN guidelines for consumer protection and sustainable
The CSD Secretariat prepared a report on this issue for the 6th
Session of the CSD in early 1998, based on the recommendations of the inter-regional
expert group meeting held in São Paulo, Brazil, 28 - 30 January 1998 .
Based on that report, informal intergovernmental consultations were
held in late 1998, resulting in an agreed text. That text was
endorsed by CSD-7
in April 1999 and by the Economic and Social Council in July 1999. It
now goes to the General Assembly for final adoption as a GA resolution.
For more information, see "Revision
of the UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection".
3. Report of the Ad Hoc Working Group.
Changing Consumption and Production Patterns were addressed at the Ad
Hoc Working Group (22 to 26 February 1999). The report on this
meeting includes a Co-Chairmen's Summary of the Discussions, and
Possible Elements for a Draft Decision by the seventh session of the
Commission on Sustainable Development.
of the Inter-Sessional Ad Hoc Working Group on Consumption and
Production Patterns and on Tourism and Sustainable Development (New
York, 22-26 February 1999)
4. Other papers and publications.
A number of other papers related to consumption and production
patterns were submitted to the Commission as discussion papers.
a. Discussion papers on trends in consumption and
production patterns, including household energy consumption,
automobile ownership and use, and production and consumption of selected
The first paper, "Trends
in Consumption and Production: Household Energy Consumption"
(ST/ESA/1999/DP.6), analyses current trends in household energy
consumption throughout the world. It focuses exclusively on energy
consumption within households (i.e. for lighting, cooking, heating,
etc.). Energy use for transportation as well as indirect energy
consumption (e.g. energy used in manufacturing of consumer goods) is not
covered in this study. The analysis includes both regional trends and
case studies of selected countries, both developed and developing
countries. Recent patterns of household energy use, changes in consumer
behavior, and governmental policies that impact on household energy
consumption are reviewed.
For mineral resources, aluminum, copper and lead have been selected
for analysis in the second paper, "Trends
in Consumption and Production: Selected Minerals" (ST/ESA/1999/DP.5)
as representative of non-ferrous metals. Aluminium and copper are the
most widely used non-ferrous metals in a variety of applications. Lead
was selected because its toxicity has become a major health and
environmental concern in recent decades. The paper reviews trends in
production and recycling of these metals over the last two decades,
trends in real price movements since 1970, substitution by other
materials, environmental impacts of mining and metal production, and
resource depletion. Particular emphasis is given to the issue of
recycling of metal scrap, which constitutes a significant factor in
their supply. Environmental benefits from recycling encompass energy
savings, reduced volumes of waste, reduced disturbance of land,
conservation of ore deposits, and reduced emissions.
b. A paper on major groups case studies on sustainable
consumption and production consisted of analytical case studies on
the contributions of major groups in the area of sustainable consumption
and production. For more information about this study, see "News
and Trends" (April-May-June version)
c. "Measuring Changes in Consumption and Production Patterns - A Set
of Indicators" (ST/ESA/264).
For more information see Indicators
for Measuring Changes in Consumption and Production Patterns.
Sustainable Production and Consumption: Five Policy Studies"
For more information, see Policy
Measures to Change Consumption and Production Patterns
5. Other Contributions.
Several side events on sustainable consumption were organized in the
context of the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Commission on Sustainable
Development and the 7th session of the commission.
Side events during the Ad Hoc Working Group of CSD-7
Indicators for Sustainable Household Consumption
The German Wuppertal Institute organized a side event on the project
"Indicators for Sustainable Household Consumption", in
cooperation with the German Ministry for Environment, Nature Protection
and Nuclear Safety. For more information see February-March
version of News and Trends.
Side events during CSD-7
Gender and Sustainable Consumption
At the event, the report "Gender and Sustainable Consumption"
was launched by UNEP-UK.
For more information about the report, please see February-March
version of "News and Trends".
International Business Forum on Sustainable Consumption
and Production Patterns
This event was organized by UNEP and the Carl Duisberg Gesellschaft. For
more information, please see the April-May-June
version of "News and Trends".
Down to Earth: Sustainable Consumption in the 21st
This event, on a conference to be held in Hampshire, UK on September
22-24th, was organized by Project Integra, Hampshire County
Council and UNED-UK. For more information about this event, see Forthcoming
Operationalizing the UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection with
Emphasis on Sustainable Production and Consumption -
Tools, issues and a Case Study
This event was organized by The Consumer Unity and Trust Society(CUTS),
version of News and Trends contains more information about subject
of the event.
Marine Stewardship Council
For more information about the Marine Stewardship Council, please see
1998 - January 1999 version of News and Trends.
UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection: Past Achievements
and Future Potential
This event was organised by Consumers International. The Guidelines,
which cover such areas as consumer safety, redress, product standards,
education and information, have proven to be one of the most practical
policy frameworks ever enacted by the international comunity.
Speakers discussed how they have been used as a basis for consumer
protection legislation introduced in many nations around the world to
safeguard the health and economic interest of consumer and citizens
The extension contains scores of recomendations to governments on
ways to promote sustainability and discourage unsustainable consumption
patterns in land use, transportation, energy, housing and other areas.
These include "common but differentiated responsibilities"
among industrialised and developing countries to reverse environmental
degradation through recycling programmes, creation of environmental
health and safety standards, "green" criteria and life-cicle
analysis for product testing, management of harmful substances and
development of economic instruments and subsidies to promote
sustainability in both production and consumption
Factor 4 and 10 in the Nordic Countries
For more information about this event organised by the Nordic Council of
Ministers, please see April-May-June
version of News and Trends.
Partnership arrangements in their action towards
Sustainable Consumption Patterns
For more information about the organiser of this event, see United
Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
The right of consumers in the garment sector
This event was organised by the Netherlands Committee for International
Cooperation and Sustainable Development.
Sustainable Production and Consumption: the agenda of the
South, cases from Chile and Brazil
This event was organised by Friends of the Earth.
Extended Producer Responsibility as a tool for
sustainable production and consumption
This event was organised by the Northern Alliance for Sustainability (ANPED).
SPAC Watch: Monitoring Progress towards Sustainable
Consumption and Production
The NGO caucus on Sustainable Production and Consumption organised this