Skip navigation links Sitemap | About us | FAQs

UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality
Theme: Accessibility :
Accessibility for the Disabled - A Design Manual for a Barrier Free Environment
previousPrevious : Nextnext


Part 2/3

Part 1 : Part 2 : Part 3

Text in italics refers to existing constructions only.


Possible solutions
*Are there accessible parking facilities?
*Is the number of accessible parking spaces sufficient?
*Are the designated spaces wide enough?
*Re-strip to obtain the required number of spaces.
*Combine two parking spaces to obtain one accessible space.
*Combine three parking spaces to obtain two accessible spaces.
*Are accessible indoor parking spaces located closest to accessible elevators or lifts? *Locate accessible parking spaces close to accessible elevators.
*Are accessible parking spaces within 50.00 m of building entrances? *Construct accessible parking spaces close to the accessible entrance.
*Provide a drop-off zone near the accessible entrance.
*Is the minimum height clearance in indoor parking 2.40 m? *Modify the parking slab height.
*Provide alternate outdoor provisions for disabled peoples' vans.
*Do curb ramps connect accessible parking spaces with side curbs? *Construct curb ramps.
*If there is no curbs, can the parking space be differentiated from the pedestrian path? *Provide a tactile marking at least 0.60 m wide to separate the pathway from the vehicular area.
*Use pre-cast wheel stops.
*Use bollards.
*Are accessible parking spaces marked by the international symbol of accessibility?
*Are there enforcement procedures to ensure that accessible parking spaces are not misused or used by non-disabled people?
*Add signage.
*Is there a 3.60 m wide drop-off area within 30.00 m of the accessible entrance? *Provide a drop-off area.
*If the drop-off area has a curb, is there a curb ramp leading to the pathway? *Provide a curb-ramp.
*If the drop-off area has no curb, is there a warning to sightless people? *Provide a tactile marking at least 0.60 m wide to separate the pathway from the vehicular area.
*Use pre-cast wheel stops.
*Use bollards.
*Is the drop-off area marked by signage? *Add signage.
*Is there an accessible path of travel from the drop-off area to the main entrance? *Provide an accessible route.
*Use another entrance, accessible from the drop-off area.


Possible solutions
*Is there a complementary ramped route next to stairs or steps? *Construct a ramp.
*Is the ramp slope no greater than 1:20?
*Do steeper ramps comply with requirements?
*Redesign or relocate ramp.
*Lengthen ramp to reduce slope.
*Is there a landing of at least 1.20 m length, at 10.00 m intervals, at every change in direction and at the top and bottom of every ramp? *Remodel or relocate the ramp.
*Are ramps with a rise of 0.45 m or more protected on both sides? *Add railings.
*Are wide ramps( more than 3.00 m) provided with an intermediate handrail? *Add an intermediate handrail where necessary.
*Is the width of the ramp at least 0.90 m? *Widen the ramp.
*Is the surface of ramps non-slip? *Add non-slip surface material.
*Is the ramp surface clear of obstructions? *Remove obstructions.
*Is the location of the ramp clearly identifiable *Construct coloured tactile marking strips at least 0.60 m wide at the top and bottom of the landing and at every change of direction.


Possible solutions
*Is there an accessible path leading to the elevator?
*Are all levels generally used by the public accessible?
*Add a ramp or a platform lift if stairs exist.
*Are the minimum internal dimensions of a residential elevator cab no less than 1.00 m x 1.30 m.(0.95 m x 1.25 m)? *Enlarge the elevator dimensions.
*Install a new cab.
*Is the clear door opening no less than 0.80 m (0.75 m)? *Enlarge the door opening.
*Install new doors.
*Is the elevator cab provided with handrails on three sides? *Install handrails.
*Are the handrails mounted at a height between 0.80 m and 0.85 m? *Modify height of handrails.
*Is the maximum tolerance for stop precision 20 mm? *Adjust the stop precision.
*Is the control panel mounted at a height between 0.90 m and 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? *Modify the height of control panels.
*Are control buttons large and provided with embossed numerals? *Change control panel.
*Install tactile or Braille numerals next to buttons.
*Are lobby call buttons placed at a height between 0.90 m and 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? *Adjust the position of call buttons.
*Is the elevator provided with audible and visual warning signals indicating arrival at a floor? *Add bells and flashing light signals.
*Is the finish of the elevator cab non skid-resistant? *Change finish.
*Is the elevator door easy to identify? *Change the colour of the elevator door frame.
*Is the emergency intercom usable without voice communication? *Replace the communication system.
*Are there tactile or Braille instructions for the communication system? *Add simple tactile instructions.
*Is the door opening/closing interval long enough? *Install devices to delay the motion of the door.
*Is there a sign on the jamb of the elevator door identifying the floor number in raised or Braille letters? *Install tactile signs at an approximate height of 1.40 m from the floor to identify the floor number.


Possible solutions
*Can the lift be used without assistance? *Post clear instructions for use of the lift at each stopping level.
*Provide a call button.
*When vertical movement platform lifts are installed, is the maximum level change 2.50 m? *Replace the special platform lift with an elevator.
*Is the lift placed within a closed structure for level changes of 1.20 m or more? *Place the lift within an enclosed structure.
*Where inclined movement platform lifts are installed, is the minimum width of the stairs 0.90 m? *Widen the stairs.
*Is the minimum lift size 0.90 m x 1.20 m? *Replace the lift.
*Are controls placed at a height not exceeding 1.20 m (1.40 m)? *Lower the controls.


Possible solutions
*Is the minimum width of the stairs 0.90 m? *Widen the stairs.
*Is an intermediate handrail installed for stairs 3.00 m wide or more? *Install an intermediate handrail, where necessary.
*Is there an intermediate landing with a length no less than 1.20 m, when the stairs cover a difference in level of more than 2.50 m? *Remodel the stairs.
*Is the landing length at the top and at bottom of the stairs no less than 1.20 m? *Enlarge the landing space.
*Do stairs have flush or rounded nosing? *Remodel nosing.
*Add slip-resistant strips to nosing.
*Do treads have a non-slip surface? *Change finish material.
*Is the location of the stairs clearly identifiable? *Construct coloured tactile marking strips at least 0.60 m wide, at the top and bottom of the stairs and intermediate landings of each stairs.
*Identify emergency stairs with signage.


Possible solutions
*Are safety guards or railings installed around all hazardous areas and raised platforms more than 0.40 m high? *Install safety guards or railings.
*Is the spacing between the vertical and horizontal elements of railing around dangerous areas narrow? *Are handrails mounted at a height between 0.85 m and 0.90 m? *Change railings.
*Are handrails easy to grip? *Change handrails.
*Are railings securely attached? *Reinforce the fixtures.
*Do handrails extend horizontally between 0.30 m and 0.45 m at the top and bottom of every staircase or ramp? *Add or replace railings.
*Are handrails continuous throughout the full length of ramps and stairs?
*Are handrails continuous throughout the landing of ramps and stairs except when interrupted by doorways?
*Continue or replace handrails.
*Are low positioned windows at landings protected by railings? *Install railings.
*Is the space between the handrail and the wall no less than 40 mm for smooth walls, and 60 mm for rough textured walls?
*For fully recessed handrails, is the distance between the top of the rail and the top of the recess no less than 0.15 m?
*Adjust the location of the handrail.
*Are handrails easy to identify? *Paint the handrail in a contrasting colour.
*Provide a tactile strip indication for emergency stairs.
  previousPrevious : Nextnext

Home | Sitemap | About us | News | FAQs | Contact us

United Nations, 2003-04
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Division for Social Policy and Development