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UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality


Article 20 - Personal mobility
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International human rights conventions and other legal instruments

ICESCR: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
ICCPR: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
CERD: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
CEDAW: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
CAT: Convention Against Torture
CRC: Convention on the Rights of the Child
ILO Convention 159: Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons)
ILO Recommendation 168: Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons)

Article 20
Related to para. 1

CERD, Article 5(d)(i): In compliance with the fundamental obligations laid down in article 2 of this Convention, States Parties undertake to (…) guarantee the right of everyone, without distinction as to race, colour, or national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law, notably in the enjoyment of the following rights:… (i) The right to freedom of movement (…) within the border of the State;

CEDAW, Article 15(4): States Parties shall accord to men and women the same rights with regard to the law relating to the movement of persons …

CMW, Article 39: Migrant workers and members of their families shall have the right to liberty of movement in the territory of the State of employment …

Related to para. 1 (b)

CESCR, General Comment no. 5 (Persons with disabilities), para. 34: …The right to physical and mental health also implies the right to have access to, and to benefit from, those medical and social services - including orthopaedic devices - which enable persons with disabilities to become independent, prevent further disabilities and support their social integration…


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